The Branches of

the United States
Federal
Government.
The Executive, Legislative, and
Judicial Branches.

The United States Federal
Government

United States
Constitution
Article
1
Section
1
All legislative Powers
herein granted shall
be vested in a
Congress of the
United States, which
shall consist of a
Senate and House of
Representatives.

The Legislative
Branch




Composed of the House of Representatives and
the Senate
Writes the laws (legislation) of the United States.
Members are chosen in popular elections.
Only branch which can declare war!

The House of
Representatives

435 Members.
2 Year Terms
Proportional Representation
Only branch of the legislative
which can write bills to raise
revenue, or spend federal funds.
Approves articles of
Impeachment for federal officials
with majority vote.
Approves nomination for new
vice president by the president.
Elects the president when the
Electoral College is deadlocked.

Wisconsin Fun
Wisconsin has

REQUIREMENTS:
- at least 25 years old
- be a U. S. Citizen for at
least 7 years
Fact!
- must live in the state
they represent
8 Representatives in the U.S.
House

of

The Senate








100 Members
100 Senators – Two per State
Serve 6 year term with 1/3 of senate up for
reelection every 2 years.
Writes any bills besides those that raise
revenue or spend federal funds.
Holds impeachment trial
Impeaches federal officials with 2/3 vote.
Approves presidential nominations to
Supreme Court, ambassadors, cabinet
positions, and other federal agencies.
Approve treaties with other nations.
Elects Vice President in case of Electoral
College deadlock.
REQUIREMENTS:
-

Must be at least 30 years old
Be a U. S. citizen for the past 9 years
Live in the state they represent

United States
Constitution
Article
2
Section
1
The executive Power
shall be vested in a
President of the United
States of America. He
shall hold his Office
during the Term of four
Years, and, together with
the Vice-President
chosen for the same
Term,

The Executive Branch



Composed of the President and Vice President
Chosen by Popular Election
Serves a term of 4 years with a maximum of 2 terms

Total of 8 years
Can serve 10 years if they had to serve ½ of a past president’s
term

REQUIREMENTS:

- Must be at least 35 years old
- Must be a natural born U. S. citizen
- Must have lived in the U. S. for at least 14 years

The President of the
United States
Commander and Chief of the
country’s armed forces.


Can veto legislation passed
by the House and Senate
(Requires 2/3 vote by both
houses of congress to
override.
Sign treaties with foreign
countries when approved by
the Senate.
Executive Orders – Binding
laws on federal offices.
Nominates federal officials,
judges, and Supreme Court
Judges.

Don’t Forget about the Vice President!
President of the Senate – Deciding vote in case of a tie!
BECOMES THE PRESIDENT if the elected president ties or is unable to fulfill

United States
Constitution
Article
2
Section
1
The judicial Power of
the United States,
shall be vested in one
supreme Court, and in
such inferior Courts as
the Congress may
from time to time
ordain and establish.

The Judicial Branch

Composed of 9 Supreme Court Justices.
Serve a life term in good behavior.
Decide if laws made by Congress and signed by
the president are constitutional.
Can rule executive orders unconstitutional.
No requirements in order to be appointed Justice
– but all have

Checks and Balances

How you can keep them in
check!
VOTE!!

House
Representatives,
Senators, and the
President serve
terms and have to be
reelected.

Wisconsin Fun Fact!
Wisconsin is one of 18 states that allows a voter recall of

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