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CHAPTER 2

Design Process of Low Energy


Housing With Validated Effectiveness
And Outline Of Elemental
Technologies

Definition of Low energy housing


with validated effectiveness

2.1 Design flow of low energy


housing with validated effectiveness
Natural Energy:
-Solar radiation
-Solar water
Heat control of
heating
Building envelope:
-Use/control of
-Insulated building
wind
envelope planning
-Daylight
-Solar shading
utilization
mehods
-Photovoltanic
power generation
Mechanical techniques

(High Efficiency Mechanical System:


-Cooling/heating system planning
-Domestic hot water system
-Ventilation system planning
-Lighting system planning
Introduction to high efficiency consumer
electronics
-treatment and efficient use of water and
kitchen waste

To reduce
energy
consumptio
n
Energy
Housing with
validative
effectiveness
(LEHVE)

Create
comfortable
indoor
environmen
t

Possibility Of Natural Energy


Utilization

Influences of weather conditions

Influence of site condition

Life style orientation

Classification of life style orientation

2.3.2 Setting Target Design Level of


LEHVE

Natural Energy Application


Technology

Natural Energy Application


Technology

Heat control technology and


building envelope

Energy Efficient Equipment


Technology

Energy Efficient Equipment


Technology

Uses Energy to be Reduced

Example design house of LEHVE in


zone VI

Example design house of LEHVE in


zone V

Basic Item to be Considered for


LEHVE

Continued

Hot humid region in Japan

Examining Application of elemental


technologies

CHAPTER 3
NATURAL ENERGY APPLICATION
TECHNOLOGY

3.1 Wind Utilization


Wind utilization is a technology that aims
to reduce cooling energy consumption and
improve comfort, by actively introducing
outdoor air into the building through cross
ventilation when weather condition are
effective

Purpose and key points of wind


utilization
1. wind utilization is a technology that aims to realize a
pleasant indoor thermal environment and reduce
cooling energy consumption without relying too much
on air conditioning through active introduction of
outdoor air into the building and heat exhaust to
outside
2. The possibility of wind utilization largely depend on
the region and surrounding environment (trees,
building, fence and any other obstruction will affect
the wind flow to the house)

Purpose and key points of wind


utilization..(2)
3. An entrance and exist for the air are required to
effectively introduce outside air into the building
4. The use of landscaping ingenuity to block solar
radiation, such as planting tree around the house can
keep down the temperature of wind introduce to the
room

Purpose and key points of wind


utilization
5. Wind utilization technology consist of methods for contriving
building shape and floor plans, and landscaping planning as well
as methods for contriving the position, shapes and opening and
closing operation of opening
6. the prerequisites of this technology is that the occupants
appropriately open the openings
7. It is necessary to use opening parts with high wind resistance
in the preparation for storm.

Energy conservation target level for


wind utilization

Energy conservation target level for


wind utilization

Requirement for achieving target


levels
1. zone classification (in Japan zone V or VI)
2. weather condition
3. Site condition
4. Lifestyle orientation of occupants and rooms
5. Wind utilization methods

Weather conditions
Weather conditions : temperature, relative humidity,
wind speed and direction, influence of the possibility of
wind utilization

Example: