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PIPELINE STRESS

ANALYSIS WITH CAESAR II


by
Andrey Puruhita

PIPELINE STRESS
ANALYSIS WITH
CAESAR II
What the different with piping stress ?
Pipeline burried modeling
Anchor block restrain
Load case combination & result

The difference of piping &


pipeline stress analysis
Piping modeling
Code requirement
shall use ASME B31.3
Aboveground
Many support or
restrain needed

Pipeline modeling
Code requirement use
ASME B31.4 for liquid &
B31.8 for gas transmission
Usually Underground
Shall use anchor block as
a restrain from
aboveground-underground
conversely

Burried Pipe
Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas
immediately adjacent to changes in
directions
In areas far removed from bends and
tees the deformation is primarily
axial

PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING


The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an
existing job, and then choosing menu option InputUnderground from the CAESAR II Main Menu
Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe - Soil Models
Describe the sections of the piping system that are
buried, and define any required fine mesh areas using
the buried element data spreadsheet
Convert the original model into the buried model by
the activation of option Buried Pipe - Convert Input

Input soil models

The buried element description spreadsheet


serves several functions
It allows the user to define which part of the
piping system is buried.
It allows the user to define mesh spacing at
specific element ends.
It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses

Burried pipe example

Anchor Block Restrain


Pipeline with a long distance needs block
valve, there were a change direction
from underground to aboveground
In this situation pipeline must
be
installed with anchor block before and
after aboveground pipe

Why we need anchor


block ?
To prevent stress failed on block
valve due to axial deformation of a
long pipeline

Example of block valve modeling

Anchor
block

Anchor
block

Load Case Combination


To check stress analysis on pipeline
shall use several load case
combination as folow :

Sustain Load ( W + P)
Thermal Load (T)
Combination Load ( W + T + P)

Caesar Stress Result

CAESAR II STRESS REPORT

FILE:FOR TUTORIAL

CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1

--Stress(lb./sq.in.)--ELEMENT
BENDING
TORSION

NODES

STRESS

DATE:OCT 1,2009

STRESS

--(lb./sq.in.)-SIF'S
ALLOWABLE
IN/OUT PLANE

STRESS

STRESS

HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb./sq.in.)


OPE STRESS %:
21.06 @NODE 90
STRESS:
12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000.0
BENDING STRESS:
3254.8 @NODE 90
TORSIONAL STRESS:
0.0 @NODE 49
AXIAL STRESS:
9455.2 @NODE 130
3D MAX INTENSITY:
30120.4 @NODE 20

60
70

1357.
919.

80
90

1461.
3255.

0.
0.

1.000 / 1.000
1.000 / 1.000

10842.
12636.

60000. 18.
60000. 21.

90
95

3255.
2703.

0.
0.

1.000 / 1.000
1.000 / 1.000

12636.
12085.

60000. 21.
60000. 20.

0. 1.000 / 1.000 10739.


0. 1.000 / 1.000 10300.

60000. 18.
60000. 17.

THANK YOU