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Solar refrigeration

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Under the Guidance of
Dr. M.S. NAGARAJ
-PhD, MIE, M.I.S.T.E.

By,
DEEPTI V NAYAK
4BD11EE012

INTRODUCTION
Prices of energy have been increasing exponentially

worldwide
Utilisation of solar energy for cooling purpose
Cutting down the energy costs
Preserving our environment

REFRIGERATION
Refrigeration is a process in which work is done to

move heat from one location to another.


traditionally driven by mechanical work , but can also be

driven by heat, magnetism, electronics, laser, or other


means.


SOLAR POWERED REFRIGERATION

a refrigerator which runs on energy directly provided by

sun, and may include photovoltaic or solar thermal energy.


most commonly used in the developing world to help

mitigate poverty and climate change.

HISTORY
In 1878, at the Universal Exhibition in Paris, Augustin

Mouchot displayed Mouchots engine


Solar fridges were introduced in the developing world to

cut down on the use of kerosene or gas powered coolers


Stop the use of fuel which is costly and are responsible

for the production of large amounts of CO2

TYPES OF SOLAR REFRIGERATION

Solar Thermal Systems

Organic Rankine Cycle

Photo Voltaic System

Solar Thermal Systems:


Vapour absorption refrigeration
Vapour jet refrigeration

Organic Rankine Cycle:


Vapour compression refrigeration

Photo Voltaic System:

Thermo electric refrigeration

THERMO-ELECTRIC COOLING
EFFECTS RESPONSIBLE FOR THERMOELECTRIC
COOLING :
Seebeck Effect - Thomas Seebeck
Peltier Effect - Jean Peltier
Thomson Effect - William Thomson

PELTIER EFFECT IN SEMICONDUCTORS


The Peltier effect is a temperature difference created by

applying a voltage between two electrodes connected to a


sample of semiconductor material.
2 types of processes:
N-type semiconductor
P-type semiconductor


Peltier effect in N-type semiconductor:

Peltier effect in P-type semiconductor:

MODE OF HEAT TRANSFER:

Entire Assembly of Semiconductors


PRINCIPLE OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL

These are semiconductor devices that convert

sunlight into direct current electricity.

NEW APPROACH TO SOLAR REFRIGERATION

This system consists of following parts:

A) Solar panels
B) Controller
C) Battery
D) D.C powered refrigerator
E) Semiconductor plate

Solar Refrigeration Unit

WORKING PRINCIPLE


ADVANTAGES OF THERMO ELECTRIC COOLERS

No moving parts
Small and lightweight
Maintenance-free
Acoustically silent and electrically quiet
Heat or cool by changing direction of current flow
Wide operating temperature range
Environmentally friendly
Sub-ambient cooling
Reduces dependency on refrigerants

ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR REFRIGERATION


Environmentally friendly
Longevity
Scalable
Very low maintenance.
Increases reliability
Reduces dependency on imported fuel

APPLICATIONS
Medical application
Transportation
In Dairy Industries
Cold Storage

CONCLUSION
save the Earth or at least to save a few

hundred kilo-watt hours a year


environmentally friendly solution that

eliminates the need for batteries and


convectional access to power.

REFERENCES
[1] John I.B Wilson, Solar energy, Academic Press, 1978.
[2] Wolfgang Palz, Solar Electricity, an Economic Approach to Solar

Energy, UNESCO, Paris, 1978.


[3] Leslie F. Jesch, Solar Energy Today, UK-ISES, 1981.
[4] B.St. Arnaud, CANARIE: Research Networks to help reduce global
Warning,OFC/NFOEC09, Workshop on energy footprint of ICT: Forecast
and Network Solutions, San Diego, CA, March 2009
[5] Rauchenbanch, H.S., Solar Cell Array Design Handbook, Litton
Educational Publishing, 1980.
[6] Sze, S.M., Semiconductor devices Physics and Technology, John
Wiley & Sons, New York (1985).
[7] Chopra, K.L., and Das, S.R., Thin Film Solar Cells Plenum Press, New
York (1983).
[8] Private communication, Feb 16, 2011.