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PRESENTATION ON SUMMER

TRAINING AT NTPC
VINDHYACHAL

BY- SHWETANK SINGH


EC-C (VII SEM)
0812EC111162

ABOUT
NTPC
CONTRO
LLERS
AND
COMMU
NICATIO
N

ABOUT
NTPC
VINDHY
ACHAL

CONTE
NTS
FUNCTIO
NING OF
POWER
PLANT

ANALYZ
ERS AND
I&R
CONTRO
L&
INSTRUM
ENTATIO
N LABS

ABOUT NTPC
NTPC, the largest power Company in India, was
setup in 1975 to accelerate power development in
the country.
NTPC has installed capacity of 43,128 MW.
o 17 coal based power stations (33,015 MW).
o 7 gas based power stations (4,044 MW).
o 7 Renewable energy base power stations (95 MW)
o 7 power stations in Joint Ventures (5,974 MW).

Today NTPC contributes more than 3 / 5th of the

ABOUT
NTPC VINDHYACHAL

CAPACITY:
It has energy generating capacity of 4760 MW through coal based thermal plant.
It has 5 stagesStage-I 1260 MW Stage-II 1000 MW
Stage-III 1000MW Stage-IV 1000MW
Stage-V 500 MW

COAL SOURCE:
Nigahi Mines

WATER SOURCE:
Discharge canal of Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station.

BENEFICIARY STATES:
Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, Daman & Diu and Dadra
& Nagar Haveli.

FUNCTION OF THERMAL POWER


PLANT

CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION


LABS
Control and Instrumentation Department has following labs:
1. Manometry Lab
2. Protection and Interlocks Lab
3. Automation Lab
4. Electronics Lab
5. Water Treatment Plant 6. Furnaces Safety Supervisory
System Lab
In C&I Lab parameters to be monitored are:
1. Speed
2. Temperature
3. Current
4. Voltage
5. Pressure
6. Flow of Gases
7. Vibration

OPERATION AND MAINTAINANCE


This control & instrumentation is the brain of the plant because
from the relays to transmitters followed by the electronic
computation chipsets and recorders and lastly the controlling
circuitry, all fall under this.
A View of Control Room at VSTPP (Stage - I)

CONTROL ROOM

Stage - 3

PROTECTION & INTERLOCKS


LAB
Interlocking: It is basically interconnecting two or more
equipment so that if one equipment fails other one can perform
the tasks. This type of interdependence is also created so that
equipment connected together are started and shut down in the
specific sequence to avoid damage.
Protection: Protection of equipment tripping are provided for
all the equipment .Tripping can be considered as the series of
instructions connected through OR GATE. When The main
equipment of this lab are relay and circuit breakers.
Basically there are three types of tripping:MANUAL TRIP
THERMAL TRIP
SHORT CIRCUIT TRIP

AUTOMATION LAB
This lab deals in automating the existing equipment and
feeding routes.
Data Acquisition System (DAS) are coupled with (MIS)
Management Information System.
The latest technology is the use of ETHERNET for control
signals.
All the control instruments are excited by 24V supply
(4-20mA).
Single chips having multiple applications are employed for
the various automation.

ELECTRONICS LAB
This lab undertakes the calibration and testing of various
cards. It houses various types of analytical instruments like
oscilloscopes, integrated circuits, cards auto analyzers etc.
Various processes undertaken in this lab are:
1. Transmitter converts mV to mA.
2. Auto analyzer purifies the sample before it is sent to
electrodes. It extracts the magnetic portion.

FURNACE SAFETY AND


SUPERVISORY SYSTEM LAB
This lab has the responsibility of starting fire in the furnace to
enable the burning of coal.
Principle purpose of Flame safeguard supervisory system is to
ensure that it is safe to light the boiler and continue boiler
operation.
For first stage coal burners are in the front and rear of the furnace
and for the second and third stage corner firing is employed.
An ultra violet sensor is employed in furnace to measure the
intensity of ultra violet rays inside the furnace and according to it a
signal in the same order of same mV is generated which directly
indicates the temperature of the furnace.
A flame scanner is a sensor that detects presence of fire in the
boiler by absorbing the light energy emitted by the fire.

FURNACE DESIGN &


SCANNER ASSEMBLY
FLEXIBLE METAL
HOSE

SCANNER HEAD
ASSEMBLY

RIGID
PIPE

SCANN
ER
HOUSI

METERS AND GAUGES

TYPES OF ANALYZERS
DRY TYPE

O2

SOx

NOx

CO

DUST

INDICATORS AND RECORDERS


Indicators: Operates on the basic principle of interaction of
magnetic fields of the permanent magnet and the current
carrying conductor.
Recorders: To record and preserve measurement of process
variables time wise. Process parameter behavior can be seen
instantly/studied later on whenever required.
Analog Recorders:
GRAPHICAL RECORDERS: X-Y RECORDERS
OSCILLOGRAPHIC RECORDERS
MAGNETIC TAPE RECORDERS

Symphony Functional Partitions


Plant Management
and Control

Human-System
Interface

Operations Network

Control Network

Area Management
and Control

System Engineering,
Operation and
Maintenance Tools
Field Network

Harmony Rack Controllers

Harmony Rack I/O

Control Systems

HART COMMUNICATION
PROTOCOL
Hart is an acronym for
Highway addressable
remote transducers.
HART is a bidirectional
master-slave field
communications protocol
developed in the late
1980s to facilitate
communication between
intelligent field
instruments and host
systems by Rosemount
Inc.

A TYPICAL HART SETUP

HART COMMUNICATION
It makes use of the Bell 202 Frequency Shift Keying
(FSK) standard to superimpose digital communication
signals at a low level on top of the 4-20mA.
It communicates
without
interrupting the
4-20mA signal
and allows a host
application
(master) to get
two or more
digital updates
per second from
a field device

THANK YOU