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KEY MOMENTS OF

FRANQUISMO
 Startafter the Civil War in 1939
 Spain during the II World War (1939-1945)
 Configuration of the dictatorship. Isolation
(1945-1950)
 Diplomacy and Stabilization Plan (1950-1959)
 Economic development (1960-1969)
 Franco´s last years(1969-1975)
Relation with the
AXIS
“ Mi pueblo observa con honda
emoción el victorioso curso de una
lucha que considera la propia ... “
“ Cuán grande sería mi satisfacción
si pudiera prestar en cualquier
momento los servicios que
1940 – Meeting in Hendaya between Franco and Hitler consideréis necesarios ...“
FRANCO. Letter to Hitler
Hitler had helped during
the Civil War, sending a
flight unit to Spain
“Legión Condor”. Franco
decided to give back the
favour by sending Spanish
troops called “The Blue
Division” to help the AXIS
in the II World War.
Apart from this, the
The lack of food and the control by the government
determined the existence of “cartillas de
racionamiento” that would last until the 50s. These
images were usual during a lot of years after the Civil
Thousands of
Spaniards were
executed, put in jail
or forced to go into
exile during Franco´s
Dictatorship
The lack of investments in the agricultural sector
caused that the spanish agriculture did not reach the
pre-war levels. Franco appealed to the effort of the
workers in order to pass this crisis but, on the other
hand, he didn´t recognise some basic rights of the
workers as association, negotiation or strike.
Army, church,
employers and some
political parties
( carlistas,
demócrata-cristianos
y falangistas ) are
the main supporters
of the Franquism. ,
•About 400.000
Spaniards that lost the
war emigrated to other
countries, mainly to
France
• Another alternative
was the fight as the
THE INTERNATIONAL CONDEMNATION

The francoist regime organized in


Madrid some demonstrations to
support Franco and as a sign of
protest against the resolution of
Frente de
Juventudes
BREAKING THE ISOLATION

1951 – Marshall 1955 – Admission to


Plan ONU

US Military Bases at
Torrejón, Morón, Rota
and Zaragoza. 1959 – Welcoming EisenHower
The agreement with the Vatican

Martín Artajo y
Castiella
This agreement consolidated
the relation between the
Vatican and the Francoist
regime.
THE INDEPENDENCE
OF MOROCCO

Spain recognized the


independence of the
north of Morocco at
the same time as well
as France with the
south part.
Guadiana del
Caudillo

The plan Badajoz made the development


of numerous towns and villages in
Spain.
Orense,
1956

Franco used the fundings from the Marshall


Plan to build some structures such as water
dams.
Laureano López Rodó, following the french
model, developed some areas through “Polos
de desarrollo” concentrating all the industrial
factories in some areas.
FRANCO PROMOTED POLICIES IN ORDER TO INCREASE
THE BIRTH-RATE
A new generation was at the
University and organized
demonstrations against the
Francoist regime, claiming for
a policy of opening doors for
In 1969, the Prince Juan Carlos de Borbón, was
proclaimed sucessor of Franco with the title of “King
of Spain”
Carrero
Blanco,
partidario del
inmovilismo,
reaccionó con
dureza ante
las huelgas de
1973,
encarcelando
A big concentratiom of 4000000
persons walking through the
Sahara Desert got the
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