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TPS Architecture

Control System?
Control System
is to monitor, control & record
process parameters like

Temperature, Pressure,
Flow, Level etc.
Controller
Point
Point ID
FIC200 LI700
TT100

Control Function
Input Output
Processor
FI200 FC200 Processor
Data Acquisition
PID Control

Parameters
Process Variable
Setpoint

Hard Point

Soft Point
Distributed Control System?
What is Distributed Control System?

• Functionally and physically separate systems


connected with each other to share relevant
information for optimum plant control

• Failure of a processor or a network will not


result in failure of another processors or
networks of the system
Honeywell
Architecture
TDC 2000
TDC 2000

CB Basic Controller
BOS BOS BOS

EC Extended Controller

EOS EOS EOS MC Multifunction Controller

HLPU High Level Process


I/F unit

DHP Data Highway Port

DH
PLC
CB (Basic Controller)
• 8 Control Slots
• 16 AI
• 8 Outputs
• Algorithms
•Tuning Constants
• Limits
• Filters
EC (Extended Controller)
The Extended Controller is a self-contained
controller that is physically and functionally
similar to the Basic Controller.

Major differences are:


• The Extended Controller has 16 slots that accept
both analog and digital inputs and produce both
analog and digital outputs
• The EC provides several more powerful
algorithms, including a Ramp/Soak Generator
and Logic algorithms
• Each EC slot is processed twice each second
MC (Multifunction Controller)
The MC is a self-contained controller that controls
continuous and discontinuous operations.

• 16 regulatory control loops


• 16 sequence slots, each contain 1 sequence program
• The input/output-monitoring section of the Multifunction
Controller monitors analog, digital, and counter inputs and
outputs, and updates the database with the results.
• It also checks feedback on digital points, sets alarms, and
executes up to 128 logic blocks independent of logic in
sequence programs
• Peer-to-peer communication between up to 8 controllers is
possible through an optional communication link called the
C-Link.
AMC (Advanced Multifunction Controller)

• The Advanced Multifunction Controller is a self-


contained controller that is functionally similar to
the Multifunction Controller.
• It provides the same algorithms, logic, and
Control Language capabilities. Slot processing
occurs twice per second as compared to once
per second for the Multifunction Controller.
• Peer-to-peer communication through an optional
C-Link is also available.
TDC 3000
TDC 3000
US US US
HM AM

LCN

PLC Gateway
HG PLCG

CB PLC

EC

MC

AMC

DH
Universal Station Functions
Operation Functions
• Monitor and manipulate both continuous and discontinuous processes or
portions of a process, using standard displays or custom graphic displays
• Annunciate and handle process, sequence, and system alarms and
operator messages
• Display and print process histories, trends, and averages
• Display and print reports, logs, and journals
• Monitor and change status of system equipment in the process
• Load other system modules with operating software and databases from
a History Module, cartridges, or floppy diskettes
Engineering Functions
• Build the process and system database, graphic displays, and reports
• Prepare, edit, and compile Control Language programs
• Load operating software and databases from a History Module,
cartridges, or floppy diskettes
• Load Honeywell-supplied software updates
Maintenance Functions
• Diagnose problems in the TPN-based modules, Universal Control
Networks, Data Hiways, and process-connected devices
• Display and print relevant information that is required during
troubleshooting
• Display and print system hardware and software information
Universal Station Personality

• Operation Personality

• Engineering Personality

• Universal Personality
History Module (HM) WINCHESTER
DISK

• The K2LCN or K4LCN circuit


SPC F
board and its associated LCN A
N
I/O (CLCN A/B) circuit board A Front
provide the electronic link S
S
E
between the Local Control K4LCN8 M
B
Network (LCN) and the SPC Power Supply
L
Y

circuit board.
• The K2LCN and K4LCN circuit SPC I/O

board contain the node


processor and supporting Rear

memory. K4LCN I/O

PCB
History Module (HM) WINCHESTER
DISK

• SPC circuit board The Smart


Peripheral Controller (SPC) circuit
SPC F
board provides communication with, A
and control of, the Winchester disk N

drives and the SPC I/O circuit board. A Front


S
S
E
• WDI and WDI I/O circuit boards K4LCN8 M
B
The SPC I/O circuit board and the Power Supply
L
Winchester Drive Interface (WDI) Y

circuit board in the Winchester Disk


Assembly with its associated WDI
I/O circuit board provide the SCSI SPC I/O

bus interface between the SPC


circuit board and the Winchester Rear
disk drives.
K4LCN I/O

PCB
History Module Functions

The History Module serves as a system-wide, multiuse mass


storage facility. History Module can store:

• Continuous process History


– Sample Data
– Averages
• Event Journals (history)
– Process Events
– System Events
– Sequence of Events
• Active System Files
– Graphic Display Abstracts
– Database Checkpoints
– User Files (e.g., CL)
– System Configuration Files
• Static System Files
– Loadable Software Images
• On Process Analysis Program
(maintenance aid)
Application Module
(AM) F
A
N

A Front
S
• The Application Module (AM) is a 5- S
E
card module on the TPS Network K4LCN8 M
B
(TPN) Power Supply
L
Y
– Multiple AMs can reside on an TPN
– Redundant AMs are available
• AM contains a process database of
data points
Rear

K4LCN I/O

PCB
Application Module Functions
• Scheduling of Data Point Processing
F
• Regulatory Control A
N

A Front
– PV Processing S
S
– Control Processing K4LCN8
E
M
– Control Output Processing B
L
Power Supply Y

• Custom Control
– Control Language Execution
– Custom Data Point Processing
Rear
• Alarming
K4LCN I/O

PCB
Application Module Functions
AM Data Points
F
• Each data point is a collection of fixed and A
N
dynamic parameters that performs a specific
function and is identified by a point name. A Front
• Data point processing uses either S
S
preprogrammed or custom algorithms for E
calculations and to initiate specific control K4LCN8 M
actions. B
L
Power Supply Y

Data Point Types

• Regulatory Control
– General Input Processing
– PV Processing Rear
– Control Output Processing
• Timer K4LCN I/O
• Counter
• Flag
• Numeric
PCB
Application Module (AM)

• AM is one of the modules on the TPN (TPS Network).


• The AM can communicate with all modules on the TPN
and with the process connected devices on the
Universal Control Network and Data Hiway.
• The AM accepts inputs from and provide outputs to
multiple process-connected devices and TPN
modules.
• The AM can perform advanced calculations and
features a full complement of control algorithms that
allow your system to implement complex control
strategies.
• A single AM can handle many more data points than a
single process-connected module.
TDC 3000
US US US
HM AM

LCN

HG PLCG PLC Gateway NIM

PLC PM
CB

APM
EC

HPM
MC

SM
AMC

LM
DH UCN
Highway Based UCN Based Other Module
Controllers Controllers in DH / UCN
K4LCN8
Setting Node Address
K4LCN8
Setting Node Address
Rules:
• For Address jumper removed must be
counted.
• Total number of jumpers removed including
Parity must be a odd number.
K4LCN8
Setting Node Address

P Binary weight parity

6 64
5 32
4 16
3 8
2 4
1 2
0 1
The TPS Architecture
HPM
High Performance Process Manager
HPM contains the following:

– UCN Interface Module


– Communications and Control processors
– IOP’s
– FTA’s
HPM Conceptual diagram

GUS GUS GUS HM AM

LCN

NIM High Performance Process Manager Module


(Independent processing)

COMM CONTROL
UCN I/F I/O Link
Module 68040 68040

Input / Output Processors


IOP (Up to 40)

FTA Field Termination Assembly

Field wiring
UCN
NIM / HPM subsystem redundancy

GUS GUS GUS HM AM

LCN

2 4

NIM 1
NIM 3

8 8
7
7
HPM HPM

10
9
9
HPM HPM

12
11 ? What will be the HPM
HPM ? address
HPM

UCN
NIM / HPM subsystem redundancy

GUS GUS GUS HM AM

LCN

2 4

NIM 1
NIM 3

8 8
7
7
HPM HPM

10
9
9
HPM HPM

12
11 12
HPM 11
HPM

UCN
HPM address setting
HPM has two settings
• HPM Address
• Card file address

Rules:
• For Address jumper added must be counted.
• Total number of jumpers added including
Parity must be a odd number.
Saving and Restoring HPM Information
• PROGRAM LOAD Loads the HPMM S/W personality
image from HM or Cartridge to the chosen UCN
device. The device must be in the Alive state.

• RESTORE DATA Restores the point data stored in


checkpoint volume (&8np) to the chosen UCN device.
The device must be in the Idle state.

• SAVE DATA Saves the point data present in the


selected HPMM and NIM into either the HM checkpoint
volume or removable media. This is sometimes called
“Checkpointing.”
Saving and Restoring of HPM Information

History Module Program Load


Save Data
Restore Data
Cartridge

NIM

HPMM

IOPs
Taking HPM on line

• Select the HPM and select the LOAD/SAVE


RESTORE. This can be loaded from NET or
Alternate source. (wait till the UCNxx Busy disappears)
– Loads the HPMM S/W personality image from HM or Cartridge to the chosen
UCN device

• Select RUN STATUS and select STARTUP


and select COLD / WARM STARTUP
– Changes the HPM chosen and all the IOPs that have a valid database from
the Idle state to the OK state. The HPM will then begin processing data. The
command is executed by selecting the ENTER target.

• Bring the HPM to Full Control.