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Five-Minute Check (over Lesson 2-5)

Then/Now
New Vocabulary
Example 1: Solve a Polynomial Inequality
Example 2: Solve a Polynomial Inequality Using End
Behavior
Example 3: Polynomial Inequalities with Unusual Solution
Sets
Example 4: Solve a Rational Inequality
Example 5: Real-World Example: Solve a Rational Inequality

Over Lesson 2-5

Find the domain and the equations of any vertical or


horizontal asymptotes of
A. D
;
horizontal asymptote at y = 2
B. D
;
vertical asymptote at x = 2
C. D
;
vertical asymptote at x = 2
D. D
;
horizontal asymptote at y = 3

Over Lesson 2-5

A. Determine any asymptotes, holes, and intercepts


of
A. asymptotes: x = 0, x = 1 and y = 1; intercept:
(3, 0)
B. asymptotes: x = 1 and y = 3; hole: x = 1;
intercept: (3, 0);
C. asymptotes: x = 1 and y = 0; hole: x = 0;
intercept (0, 3);
D. asymptotes: x = 0 and y = 1; hole: x = 1;
intercept: (3, 0);

Over Lesson 2-5

B. Graph

and state its domain.

A.

C.

B.

D.

Over Lesson 2-5

A. 2
B. 4
C. 2, 4
D. no solution

Over Lesson 2-5

A. 2, 4
B. 2
C. 3
D. no solution

You solved polynomial and rational equations.


(Lessons 2-3 and 2-4)

Solve polynomial inequalities.


Solve rational inequalities.

polynomial inequality
sign chart
rational inequality

Solve a Polynomial Inequality

Solve
Subtracting 1 from each side, you get x 2 8x + 15 0.
Let f (x) = x2 8x + 15. Factoring yields
f (x) = (x 5)(x 3), so f (x) has real zeros at x = 5 and
x = 3. Create a sign chart using these zeros. Then
substitute an x-value in each test interval into the
factored form of the polynomial to determine if f (x) is
positive or negative at that point.

Solve a Polynomial Inequality

f (x) = (x 5)(x 3)
Think: (x 5)
and (x 3) are
both negative
when x = 2.

f (x) = (x 5)(x 3)

Solve a Polynomial Inequality

Because f (x) is negative in the middle interval, the


solution of x 2 8x + 16 1 is [3, 5]. The graph of f (x)
supports this conclusion, because f (x) is below the
x-axis on this same interval.

Answer: [3, 5]

Solve x 2 9x + 10 < 46.


A. (3, 12)
B.
C.
D. (12, 3)

Solve a Polynomial Inequality Using End


Behavior

Solve x 3 22 x > 3x 2 24.


Step 1

Subtract 3x 2 24 from each side to get


x 3 3x 2 22x + 24 > 0.

Step 2

Let f (x) = x3 3x2 22x + 24. Use the


techniques from Lesson 2-4 to determine
that f has real zeros with multiplicity 1 at
x = 4, x = 1, and x = 6. Set up a sign chart.

Step 3

Solve a Polynomial Inequality Using End


Behavior

Determine the end behavior of f (x).

Because the degree of f is odd and its


leading coefficient is positive, you know
This means
that the function starts off negative at the
left and ends positive at the right.

Solve a Polynomial Inequality Using End


Behavior

Step 4

Because each zero listed is the location of a


sign change, you can complete the sign
chart.
The solutions of x3 3x2 22x + 24 > 0 are
the x-values such that f (x) is positive. From
the sign chart, you can see that the solution
set is (4, 1) (6, ).

Solve a Polynomial Inequality Using End


Behavior

Answer: (4, 1)

CHECK

The graph of f (x) = x 3 3x 2 22x + 24 is


above the x-axis on (4, 1) (6, ).

Solve 2x3 + 9x 2 3x + 4.
A. (, 4]
B. (, 4)
C. [4, 1] or
D. (4, 1) or

Polynomial Inequalities with Unusual Solution


Sets

A. Solve x 2 + 2x + 3 < 0.
The related function
f (x) = x 2 + 2x + 3 has no real
zeros, so there are no sign
changes. This function is positive
for all real values of x. Therefore,
x 2 + 2x + 3 < 0 has no solution.
The graph of f (x) supports this
conclusion, because the graph is
never below the x-axis.
Answer:

Polynomial Inequalities with Unusual Solution


Sets

B. Solve x 2 + 2x + 3 0.
Because the related function f (x) = x 2 + 2x + 3 is positive
for all real values of x, the solution set of x 2 + 2x + 3 0
is all real numbers or (, ).

Answer:

Polynomial Inequalities with Unusual Solution


Sets

C. Solve x 2 + 12x + 36 > 0.


The related function
f (x) = x2 + 12x + 36 has one real
zero, x = 6, with multiplicity 2,
so the value of f (x) does not
change signs. This function is
positive for all real values of x
except x = 6. Therefore, the
solution of x 2 + 12x + 36 > 0 is
(, 6) (6, ). The graph of
f (x) supports this conclusion.
Answer: (, 6) (6, )

Polynomial Inequalities with Unusual Solution


Sets

D. Solve x 2 + 12x + 36 0.

The related function f (x) = x 2 + 12x + 36 has a zero at


x = 6. For all other values of x, the function is
positive. Therefore, x 2 + 12x + 36 0 has just one
solution, x = 6.

Answer: {6}

Solve x 2 + 6x + 9 > 0.
A. no solution
B. (, )
C. x = 3
D. (, 3) (3, )

Solve a Rational Inequality

Solve

.
Original inequality
Use the LCD, (x + 2)
to rewrite each
fraction. Then add.
Simplify.

Solve a Rational Inequality

Let

The zeros and undefined points of

the inequality are the zeros of the numerator, none,


and denominator, x = 2. Create a sign chart using
this number. Then choose and test x-values in each
interval to determine if f (x) is positive or negative.

Solve a Rational Inequality

Solve a Rational Inequality

The solution set of the original inequality is the interval


for which f (x) is positive, (, 2). The graph of
shown here supports this conclusion.

Answer:

Solve

A. (, 3) [11, )
B. [, 3] [11, )
C. (3, 11]
D. [3, 11]

Solve a Rational Inequality

CARPENTRY A carpenter is making tables. The


tables have rectangular tops with a perimeter of
20 feet and an area of at least 24 square feet. Write
and solve an inequality that can be used to
determine the possible lengths to which the tables
can be made.
Let l represent the length of the table top. Let w
represent the width of the table top. Thus,
2w + 2l = 20. Then 10 l represents the width of the
table top.

Solve a Rational Inequality

Then 10 l represents the width of the table top.


l(10 l) 24
inequality.

Write the

10l l 2 24
Property

Distributive

0 l 2 10l + 24
Subtract
10l l 2 from each side.
0 (l 6)(l 4)Factor.

Solve a Rational Inequality

The zeroes of this inequality are 6 and 4. Use these


numbers to create and complete a sign chart for this
function.
f(x) = (l 6)(l 4)

f(x) = (l 6)(l 4)

Solve a Rational Inequality

So, the solution set of l(10 l) 24 is [4, 6].


The length must be between 4 feet and 6 feet, inclusive.

Answer: l(10 l) 24; 4 ft to 6 ft

GARDENING A gardener is marking off


rectangular garden plots. The perimeter of each
plot is 36 feet and the area is at least 80 square
feet. Write and solve an inequality that can be
used to find the possible lengths of each plot.
A. l(36 l) 80; 0 ft < l 8 ft or l 10 ft
B. l(18 l) 80; 8 ft l 10 ft
C. I 2 36l 80; 0 ft < l 8 ft or 10 ft l 36 ft
D. l(18 l) 80; 4 ft l 5 ft