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Then/Now

New Vocabulary

Example 1: Solve a Polynomial Inequality

Example 2: Solve a Polynomial Inequality Using End

Behavior

Example 3: Polynomial Inequalities with Unusual Solution

Sets

Example 4: Solve a Rational Inequality

Example 5: Real-World Example: Solve a Rational Inequality

horizontal asymptotes of

A. D

;

horizontal asymptote at y = 2

B. D

;

vertical asymptote at x = 2

C. D

;

vertical asymptote at x = 2

D. D

;

horizontal asymptote at y = 3

of

A. asymptotes: x = 0, x = 1 and y = 1; intercept:

(3, 0)

B. asymptotes: x = 1 and y = 3; hole: x = 1;

intercept: (3, 0);

C. asymptotes: x = 1 and y = 0; hole: x = 0;

intercept (0, 3);

D. asymptotes: x = 0 and y = 1; hole: x = 1;

intercept: (3, 0);

B. Graph

A.

C.

B.

D.

A. 2

B. 4

C. 2, 4

D. no solution

A. 2, 4

B. 2

C. 3

D. no solution

(Lessons 2-3 and 2-4)

Solve rational inequalities.

polynomial inequality

sign chart

rational inequality

Solve

Subtracting 1 from each side, you get x 2 8x + 15 0.

Let f (x) = x2 8x + 15. Factoring yields

f (x) = (x 5)(x 3), so f (x) has real zeros at x = 5 and

x = 3. Create a sign chart using these zeros. Then

substitute an x-value in each test interval into the

factored form of the polynomial to determine if f (x) is

positive or negative at that point.

f (x) = (x 5)(x 3)

Think: (x 5)

and (x 3) are

both negative

when x = 2.

f (x) = (x 5)(x 3)

solution of x 2 8x + 16 1 is [3, 5]. The graph of f (x)

supports this conclusion, because f (x) is below the

x-axis on this same interval.

Answer: [3, 5]

A. (3, 12)

B.

C.

D. (12, 3)

Behavior

Step 1

x 3 3x 2 22x + 24 > 0.

Step 2

techniques from Lesson 2-4 to determine

that f has real zeros with multiplicity 1 at

x = 4, x = 1, and x = 6. Set up a sign chart.

Step 3

Behavior

leading coefficient is positive, you know

This means

that the function starts off negative at the

left and ends positive at the right.

Behavior

Step 4

sign change, you can complete the sign

chart.

The solutions of x3 3x2 22x + 24 > 0 are

the x-values such that f (x) is positive. From

the sign chart, you can see that the solution

set is (4, 1) (6, ).

Behavior

Answer: (4, 1)

CHECK

above the x-axis on (4, 1) (6, ).

Solve 2x3 + 9x 2 3x + 4.

A. (, 4]

B. (, 4)

C. [4, 1] or

D. (4, 1) or

Sets

A. Solve x 2 + 2x + 3 < 0.

The related function

f (x) = x 2 + 2x + 3 has no real

zeros, so there are no sign

changes. This function is positive

for all real values of x. Therefore,

x 2 + 2x + 3 < 0 has no solution.

The graph of f (x) supports this

conclusion, because the graph is

never below the x-axis.

Answer:

Sets

B. Solve x 2 + 2x + 3 0.

Because the related function f (x) = x 2 + 2x + 3 is positive

for all real values of x, the solution set of x 2 + 2x + 3 0

is all real numbers or (, ).

Answer:

Sets

The related function

f (x) = x2 + 12x + 36 has one real

zero, x = 6, with multiplicity 2,

so the value of f (x) does not

change signs. This function is

positive for all real values of x

except x = 6. Therefore, the

solution of x 2 + 12x + 36 > 0 is

(, 6) (6, ). The graph of

f (x) supports this conclusion.

Answer: (, 6) (6, )

Sets

D. Solve x 2 + 12x + 36 0.

x = 6. For all other values of x, the function is

positive. Therefore, x 2 + 12x + 36 0 has just one

solution, x = 6.

Answer: {6}

Solve x 2 + 6x + 9 > 0.

A. no solution

B. (, )

C. x = 3

D. (, 3) (3, )

Solve

.

Original inequality

Use the LCD, (x + 2)

to rewrite each

fraction. Then add.

Simplify.

Let

and denominator, x = 2. Create a sign chart using

this number. Then choose and test x-values in each

interval to determine if f (x) is positive or negative.

for which f (x) is positive, (, 2). The graph of

shown here supports this conclusion.

Answer:

Solve

A. (, 3) [11, )

B. [, 3] [11, )

C. (3, 11]

D. [3, 11]

tables have rectangular tops with a perimeter of

20 feet and an area of at least 24 square feet. Write

and solve an inequality that can be used to

determine the possible lengths to which the tables

can be made.

Let l represent the length of the table top. Let w

represent the width of the table top. Thus,

2w + 2l = 20. Then 10 l represents the width of the

table top.

l(10 l) 24

inequality.

Write the

10l l 2 24

Property

Distributive

0 l 2 10l + 24

Subtract

10l l 2 from each side.

0 (l 6)(l 4)Factor.

numbers to create and complete a sign chart for this

function.

f(x) = (l 6)(l 4)

f(x) = (l 6)(l 4)

The length must be between 4 feet and 6 feet, inclusive.

rectangular garden plots. The perimeter of each

plot is 36 feet and the area is at least 80 square

feet. Write and solve an inequality that can be

used to find the possible lengths of each plot.

A. l(36 l) 80; 0 ft < l 8 ft or l 10 ft

B. l(18 l) 80; 8 ft l 10 ft

C. I 2 36l 80; 0 ft < l 8 ft or 10 ft l 36 ft

D. l(18 l) 80; 4 ft l 5 ft

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