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Contents

Introduction
Glass Fibre
Effect of Glass Fibers in concrete
Necessity
Factor affecting the properties of GFRC
Comparison of Mix Proportion of FRC and Plain Concrete
Result
Diagram showing pattern of cracking in GFRC

Introduction
Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete can be define as a
composite material consisting of mixtures of cement
mortar or concrete and discontinuous, discrete,
uniformly dispersed suitable glass fibre.
GFRC is actually cement mortar with countless strands
of embedded glass fibre
In it fibres are principle load carrying members
against tension.

Glass Fibre
Made up from 200-400 individual
filaments

Can be chopped into various


lengths, or combined to make
cloth mat or tape

Not possible to mix more than


about 2% (by weight) of fibres of
a
length
of
20
mm
by
conventional mixing techniques

Glass Fibre
Glass fibre is chemical inorganic fibre, obtained from
molten glass of a specific composition
Glass fibre is made of natural materials, so that its
products are ecologically pure and not harmful to
human health
High bending, pulling and pressure resistance, high
temperature resistance, resistance against chemical
and biological influences, comparatively low density

Effect of fibers in Concrete


They control plastic shrinkage cracking and shrinkage
cracking.
They also lower the permeability of concrete and thus
reduce bleeding of water.
If the modulus of elasticity of the fibre is higher than the
matrix (concrete or mortar binder),they help to carry the
load by increasing the tensile strength of material.
Some fibers reduces the strength of concrete

Necessity
Glass Fibre increases the compressive strength as well
as tensile strength of concrete
It reduces the air void and water void .
It increases the durability of the concrete.
Fires such as glass have excellent resistance to creep.
The addition of small, closely spaced and uniformly
dispersed fibres to concrete would act as crack
arresters and would improve its strength parameters.

Factors effecting properties of GFRC


Relative Fibre matrix
Volume of Fibre
Aspect ratio of fibre
Workability and compaction of concrete
Size of coarse aggregate
Method of mixing

OBSERVATION :
As seen from the graph the strength of Glass fibre
reinforced concrete at 0.7% by weight of total mix glass
fibre has less compressive strength at 7days as
compared to normal cubes. This can be accounted to
improper mixing due to difficulty in mixing.
The graph clearly indicates the strength of glass fibre
reinforced concrete at 0.7% of glass fibre of total mix
has less strength than the normal cubes after 28 days of
curing.

OBSERVATION:
After 7 days of curing , the best results were obtained
from the mix containing 0.2% glass fibre by weight of
total mix. And the minimum compressive strength is
obtained at 0.7% glass fibre by weight of total mix.
Even at 0.5% the compressive strength obtained is
greater than that obtained from the normal cubes.

OBSERVATION:
After 28 days of curing , the best results were
obtained from the mix containing 0.2% glass fibre by
weight of total mix. And the minimum compressive
strength is obtained at 0.7% glass fibre by weight of
total mix.
Even at 0.5% the compressive strength obtained is
greater than that obtained from the normal cubes
after 28 days of curing.

DIGRAM SHOWING PATTERN OF CRACKING IN


GFRC :

Conclusion

It can be easily observed from the results that glass fiber (0.2%) has
shown fair improvement in the compressive strength of concrete.
However in the results the strength of plain concrete is much higher
than the fibre with 0.7% by weight which may be due to the presence of
comparatively large fibers in small cubes and further this might be due
to improper compaction of cubes.

There has been a great improvement in compressive strength of the


concrete for almost all the fibers content below 0.7% by weight of total
concrete mix used.

There is phenomenal improvement in compressive strength of glass fibre


reinforced concrete. Glass fibre 0.2% has shown the highest
improvement of 28.85% followed by 0.5% has shown 14.63 %
improvement in compressive strength.

It can be concluded from the results that Glass fibre, if mixed in definite
proportion then it could provide much better strength.

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