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UNSATURATED

GEOTECHNICAL
PROPERTIES OF SOME
LATERITIC SOILS IN
ADO-EKITI, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.
UDUEBOR MICHEAL A.
CV E / 0 6 /7 9 8 8

S U P E R V I S O R : P R O F.
S. A. OL A

M AY , 2 0 1 4

INTRODUCTION
UNSATURATED SOILS

INTRODUCTION
•Optimization of factors
of construction is being
harped upon more and
more these days owing
to the increased need
for
engineering
infrastructure and the
limited
available

INTRODUCTION •Part of the efforts at ensuring maximization of the limited resources has also been the recent look into the widely neglected area of unsaturated soil mechanics. characteristics and behaviour of soils in unsaturated soil conditions. . with intent of ascertaining to a confident level the properties.

AIM AND OBJECTIVES RESEARCH FOCUS .

AIM AND OBJECTIVES •In practice. the conventional procedures for design are often based on empirical procedures and not on unsaturated soil mechanics . several design and maintenance measures are undertaken to maintain unsaturated conditions because they provide favourable engineering properties. However.

AIM AND OBJECTIVES •The aim of this research is to determine the unsaturated geotechnical properties and behaviour of selected lateritic soils. .

• Carrying out laboratory investigative tests to determine the unsaturated strength properties of the soils.AIM AND OBJECTIVES The objectives of the research include. and if found . • Obtaining baseline information that would aid unsaturated soil mechanics calculations and evaluation. • Comparing results with known models to check if they would prove valid.

JUSTIFICATION WHY THIS RESEARCH? .

JUSTIFICATION •As pointed out by Fredlund and Rahardjo (1993). classical soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering have been often taught with an implicit assumption that soil is either dry (0 per cent saturation) or saturated (100 per cent saturation). .

limited research has been conducted on unsaturated soils so there is an urgent need to improve the understanding of the behaviour and mechanics of an unsaturated soil especially as regards to tropical soils. Relatively.JUSTIFICATION •In many engineering problems. however. . a soil is often neither saturated nor dry.

SCOPE OF THIS STUDY THE EXTENT OF THIS RESEARCH .

These would be carried out on each soil sample at several suctions and two compacted densities. shear strength versus Suction for two tropical lateritic soils previously selected by Abe (2008). .SCOPE OF THIS STUDY •The study intends to characterize the water retention characteristics curves.

WATER CONTENTS AND STRAINS THREE TERMITE ACTIVITY ON LATERITIC SOIL • DETERMINATION • EFFECT ON UNSATURATED PROPERTIES • COMPARISONS WITH NON-WORKED LATERITIC SOILS .ONE SOIL WATER CHARACTERISTIC CURVE • DETERMINATION • MODELLING • COMAPRISONS UNDER DIFFERENT COMPACTION DENSITIES AND WATER CONTENTS TWO SHEAR STRENGTH UNDER UNSATURATED CONDITIONS • DETERMINATION • COMPARISONS UNDER DIFFERENT COMPACTION DENSITIES.

LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA LOCATION OF THE RESEARCH .

South-Western Nigeria. The area is readily accessible by a network of roads which also link the area with nearby towns. .LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA •The study area is located in Ado-Ekiti. the Capital of Ekiti State.

Road Map of Ado-Ekiti Source: Google Map. 2014 .

2014 .SL1 Map Showing Sample Location 1 (SL1). Abuja Hostel.. Federal Poly. Ado-Ekiti. Source: Google Maps.

2014 . Ado-Ekiti Source: Google Maps. (SL2) Health Centre along Igirigiri Road in Odo-Ado quarters.SL2 Map Showing Sample Location 2.

EXPECTED CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE ADDITION TO KNOWLEDGE .

EXPECTED CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE •Add to knowledge in the area of unsaturated soil mechanics especially with a look at tropical soils. . •It would provide necessary baseline information for future research efforts into the behaviour of soils under unsaturated conditions.

EXPECTED CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE •Provide data necessary for the determination of the unsaturated shear strength properties and characterization of the water retention characteristics of the selected tropical soil which would serve useful in provision of a more economic design both in building and road construction works .

MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY RESEARCH PROCESS .

Twenty (20) soil samples would be categorized and labelled with respect to location and sample type.0 m deep. .MATERIALS •Disturbed and undisturbed lateritic soil samples from tests pits dug manually around the study area would be obtained with depths ranging from 1.0 to about 2.

Location Sample Type Beside Abuja hostel of the Federal Polytechnic (SL1) Non Reworked 6 Samples Soil (NRS) Termite Reworked Soils From Top of 2 Samples Termitarium (TTRS) Termite Reworked Soils From Bottom of 2 Samples Termitarium (BTRS) Health centre along Igirigiri road (SL2) Non Reworked 6 Samples Soil (NRS) Termite Reworked Soils From Top of 2 Samples Termitarium (TTRS) Termite Reworked Soils From Bottom of 2 Samples Termitarium (BTRS) .Predefined Soil Test Sample Categorization.

.METHODOLOGY •As this study is concerned only with the unsaturated soil properties of the soil. The tests required for determining the unsaturated soil properties of the selected soils are briefly outlined below. little preliminary tests would be carried out.

4:1975) • This test would be carried out both on the field and in the laboratory.METHODOLOGY Bulk Density Test (BS 1377. This is to determine the in-situ bulk density of the soil in order to produce soil test samples .

This .METHODOLOGY Compaction Test (BS 13774:1975) • The compaction test would be carried out to determine the maximum dry density of the soil samples for the given compactive effort and the moisture content at which it is achieved.

the designated standard test method for the determination of the soil water .METHODOLOGY SWCC Test (ASTM D 6836 – 02) • The Soil Water Characteristic Curve Test would be carried out in accordance with ASTM D 6836 – 02.

METHODOLOGY •Saturation •Equilibration •Suction •Gravimetric Measurements .

making a total of thirty .METHODOLOGY Unconsolidated Undrained (Triaxial) Test (BS 1377-8:1990) • Six (6) samples from both locations would be tested at five (5) different levels of saturation.

and the shearing process started immediately at a strain rate of 0.METHODOLOGY •A uniform pressure (being the calculated overburden pressure) would be applied to the soil.5mm/min without allowing any drainage of water. In this test there will be no dissipation of pore .

METHODOLOGY •Tests also would be carried out at varying strain rates to determine the effect of the rate of strain on the strength properties of the selected soil samples. .

PROJECT SCHEDULE RESEARCH DURATION .

and average of four (4) months.PROJECT SCHEDULE •It is expected with a high level of allowance given for contingencies that the study would be concluded in sixteen (16) weeks. . The sequence of work for this research is outlined with specific durations indicated below.

In-Situ soil test/investigation Laboratory Tests. Final Seminar 2 Total 16 . Report Writing 3 Thesis Report. Analysis of Results Duration (Weeks) 1 10 Collation. Discussions. Recovery of soil samples. Correlations.Sequence of Work Sequence of Work Visit to Study area.

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