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Hazardous

Material
Awareness
Training
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Training to be FIRST
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Preliminary draft version for review only

This audio-visual tool is produced for internal use within Transocean.
It may upon request be made available to third party as a courtesy. Anyone outside
the Transocean organization using or viewing this tool does so on the understanding
that the practices described in this tool are indicative of the practices Transocean has
adopted for it's own use at the time of making this tool.
This tool is not to be construed as or relied upon as professional instructions,
recommendations or advice.
Consequently Transocean gives no warranty as to the accuracy or suitability of the
content of this tool to any other party's operation and hereby disclaims all or any
liabilities of any description, including but not limited to damage to personal and real
property and/or personal injury or illness, resulting in any way from the use or
implementation of practices and procedures described in this tool.
All non Transocean viewers of this tool are counseled to seek independent
professional advice as they deem necessary.

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Training to be FIRST
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Hazardous Material Awareness Training

Course Goals - what you will learn…
• the nature of hazardous materials and the risks created by exposure to
those materials
• how to find information on hazardous materials
• how to prevent harmful exposure to hazardous materials
• how to use the personal protective equipment and clothing that is
provided for your protection
• first aid and emergency response procedures

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Table of Contents
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What is hazardous material
Routes of exposure
Sources of information
Container labels
Warning symbols
Material Safety Data Sheets
Hazardous material storage
Minimizing Risk
Personal protective equipment
Working safely with hazardous materials
Emergency response
Test your knowledge
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What is Hazardous Material ?

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WhatisisaaHazard ?
What
Hazardous Material
A hazard is ?
something with the
potential to cause harm.

A hazardous material is a
material that, in any
quantity, poses a threat
to life, health or property.

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A splash of caustic can cause loss of eyesight Blisters caused by contact with hazardous chemicals < > .Results of Hazardous Material Exposure Chemicals that are not used correctly. can adversely affect your health.

< > .Results of Hazardous Material Exposure Cement (alkali) burn on ankle Severe acid burn on arm Paint strippers and aerosols for instance can affect the brain and nervous system.

Results of Hazardous Material Exposure Sometimes the damage may not appear for years. < > . long after you've stopped handling the chemical.

Corrosives.What hazardous materials might be in your workplace? • Explosives (materials that combust or detonate) • Compressed Gases (pressurized flammable or nonflammable gas) • Flammable Liquids (those with a flash point of less than 100 degrees Fahrenheit . (materials that destroy skin) • Radioactive Materials < > .38 centigrade) • Toxic chemicals (materials that cause extremely serious health risks) • Oxidizers (substances that give off oxygen or act like oxygen and stimulate combustion) • Poisonous Gases.

it is important that you understand the hazards and control measures for working safely with hazardous materials < > .To protect yourself & your co-workers.

Routes of exposure < > .

through the mouth .entry into the blood stream by a contaminated object which breaks the skin. Injection . < > .through the nose. Inhalation ..if you accidentally swallow the chemical or touch your mouth after you have been handling chemicals Absorption .by skin contact even when there are no wounds or scratches.Routes of exposure Your health can be adversely affected if a chemical finds its way into your body through. as some chemicals can pass straight through the skin. mouth and lungs Ingestion ..

of entry as many toxic industrial materials are present in an airborne form. direct contact with hazardous solids and liquids cigarettes or drinks are contaminated by hazardous materials. < > .The most common routes of Routes of exposure entry in industrial exposure are: 1 Inhalation is the most common route 2 Absorption . Cigarettes can absorb toxic vapors.via the skin through 3 Ingestion .Normally occurs when food.

My stomach hurts real bad! There was case where a 28-year-old electrician presented himself to a hospital following a 4-month history of abdominal pain and constipation.. The electrician had chewed his way through at least a metre a day of the cable for at least 10 years as a substitute for smoking. < > . Routine blood testing showed that his blood lead level was three times the maximum acceptable level in occupationally exposed adults.Routes of exposure Doc. The source of the lead was discovered in the plastic insulation of electrical cable.

Sources of Information < > .

Sources of Information There are two major sources of information about any hazardous chemical: • Label on the chemical’s container • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) < > .

< > . which must learn to recognize for your personal safety.Container Labeling A chemical’s container label provides important information.

Container Labeling All containers must be properly labeled with the contents name. and any hazards posed by the contents < > .

Container Labeling If you observe unmarked chemical containers… … inform your supervisor immediately < > .

Container Labeling Some common technical terms on labels Source of ignition Combustible material: A flame. < > . emits Cumulative effects Respiratory effects Irreversible effects Health problems which accumulate Damaging effects to the lungs Permanent damage to health Sensitization Develop an allergy to Inheritable genetic damage Damage to your health which may be passed on to your offspring Rubbing Friction Toxic for reproduction May effect fertility of the unborn baby or both Know how to Read Container Labels. spark or something that gives off heat material which can burn Liberates: Gives off.

Warning Symbols < > .

Hazardous material warning symbols Corrosive Hazardo Hazardo us us Material Material Warning Warning Symbol Symbol ss Irritant or Harmful Flammable Toxic < Radioactive Explosive Oxidizing > Environmental hazard .

Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are corrosives? Corrosives are materials that can attack and chemically destroy exposed body tissues. Examples of corrosive materials are:  hydrochloric acid  sulfuric acid  nitric acid  chromic acid  acetic acid  hydrofluoric  ammonium hydroxide   sodium acid. Corrosive Most corrosives are either acids or bases. eyes. They might be hazardous in other ways too. potassium hydroxide (caustic potash) hydroxide (caustic soda). respiratory tract. Corrosives can also damage or even destroy metal. < > . They begin to cause damage as soon as they touch the skin. depending on the particular corrosive material. or the metal. digestive tract.

< > . Materials in this category may cause death or acute chronic damage to health via inhalation. Irritant or Harmful What are Harmful materials? This classification is a general one and does not give any indication of the system or organ within the body where the toxic effect takes place. swallowing or absorption through the skin. prolonged.Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are irritants? a substance which on immediate. or repeated contact with normal living tissue will induce a local inflammatory reaction.

may cause cancer through exposure Mutagens .may cause an allergic response. The two main groups are respiratory and skin sensitizers. swallowing. < > . or absorption through the skin in low and very low concentrations. more specialized classifications for toxic materials are: Carcinogens .Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are Toxic materials? Toxic materials are incrementally more hazardous than the Harmful classification.may cause damage to the unborn child through exposure of the pregnant mother-to-be Sensitizers . Toxic Other. Materials in this category may cause death or acute or chronic damage to health via inhalation.may cause genetic damage through exposure Teratogens .

. or solid will ignite and how quickly the flame. a material can ignite at temperatures at or above its flash point. will spread. flame). once started. The flash point of a material is the temperature at which a liquid (or volatile solid) gives off vapor in quantities significant enough to form an ignitable mixture with air. rather. Given an external source of ignition (i.e. Flammable liquids themselves are not flammable. spark.Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are flammable liquids? A liquid having a flash point below 100°F Flammable Flammability is a measure of how easily a gas. the vapor from the liquids are combustible. Examples of flammable liquids are:  acetone  sodium  hydrogen  ethyl alcohol  ethyl ether  acetylene < > . liquid.

Explosive Examples of commonly-used explosive chemicals:  acetylene  hydrogen  nitrogen containing compounds  ammonia  halogens  perchlorates < > . gas.Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are explosive materials? Explosive materials are chemicals that cause a sudden. almost instantaneous release of large or small amounts of pressure. and heat when subjected to sudden shock. pressure. or high temperature.

and harm fish.kills birds and marine life < > .poisons fish and humans who eat the fish  Freon gas . plants and the ozone layer. Environmental hazard Examples of environmental hazards:  Mercury . other animals.damages the ozone layer of the atmosphere which exposes humans to cancer causing ultra-violet radiation  Oil spill .Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are Environmental Hazards? Environmental Hazards are materials that pollute the air and water. The damage to the environment in turn can cause serious health problems for humans.

e.e.. The kinds of radiation are electromagnetic (like light) and particulate (i. cancer) and death. < > . mass given off with the energy of motion).Hazardous Material Warning Symbols What are radioactive materials? Radioactive Materials composed of unstable atoms are said to be radioactive. or emit. These atoms give off. Gamma radiation and X-rays are examples of electromagnetic radiation. Example of radioactive materials: • The radioactive source used in MWD and well logging tools. the excess energy or mass. which is called radiation. Beta and alpha radiation are examples of particulate radiation. Large doses of radiation will damage human cells and can cause serious illness (i.

Hazardous Material Warning Symbols Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association 3 Health 3 4 2 W < Flammability 4 3 Reactivity 2 Special Hazard W > .

CAUTION: Combustible liquid. 1 . 0 . < > 3 0 4 2 1 . Flash point below 100F.DANGER: Flammable gas or extremely flammable liquid. Flash point of 100F to 200F.Flash Points 4 .Not combustible.WARNING: Flammable liquid. 2 .Hazardous Material Warning Symbols Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association 4 2 1 0 3 Health Flammability Reactivity Special Hazard Fire Hazard . 3 .Combustible if heated.

Requires specialized personal protective equipment 3 .WARNING: May be harmful if inhaled or absorbed.The left quadrant BLUE.WARNING: Corrosive or toxic. 4 .DANGER: May be fatal on short exposure. Avoid skin contact or inhalation. 1 .Hazardous Material Warning Symbols Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association Health Flammability Reactivity Special Hazard HEALTH HAZARD . 0 .CAUTION: May cause irritation. < > . 2 .No unusual health hazard.

Stable: Not reactive when mixed with water. heated under confinement.DANGER: Explosive material at room temperature. 3 .WARNING: Unstable. or may react if heated.Hazardous Material Warning Symbols Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association Health Flammability Reactivity Special Hazard REACTIVITY HAZARD .CAUTION: May react if heated or mixed with water 0 .DANGER: May be explosive if shocked. or mixed with water. 1 . 2 .The right quadrant YELLOW 4 . or mixed with water. < > .

Laser electrical hazard RED .Alkali ACID .Oxidizing chemicals LAS .The bottom quadrant WHITE W .Hazardous Material Warning Symbols Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association Health Flammability Reactivity Special Hazard OTHER SPECIFIC HAZARD .Corrosive OXY .Reacts violently with water Radiation COR .Dangerous reducing agent metal hybride AZK .Acid < > .

Quick Reference Guide 4 313 < 0 14 COR OX W 23 11 > .

Material Safety Data Sheets < > .

Help < > .MSDS .Material Safety Data Sheets The MSDS provides you with all the important safety information pertaining to each chemical and how to provide first aid treatment for harmful exposure.

The Rig Medic or RSTC will maintain a MSDS library for each chemical that is kept onboard your rig. The MSDS library will be easily accessible by all rig personnel for emergency use. DS S M < > .

1999 MSDS #: 59340 CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP 1301 McKinney Street Houston.Material Safety Data Sheet DIASEAL M® study LOSTtheCIRCULATION Please following MSDS pages MATERIALfor the types of information which is found in a typical MSDS June 30. Texas 77010-3030 < PHONE NUMBERS EMERGENCY: (800) 231-0623 or (510) 231-0623 (International) EMERGENCY RESPONSE (ASIA): 800-AlertSGS or 800-25378477 or 65-542-9595 TRANSPORTATION (24 HR): CHEMTREC (800)424-9300 OR (703)527-3887 Technical Services: (713) 289-4862 For Additional MSDSs: (800) 852-5530 > .

hence.: Product No. Lost Circulation Material Mixture Mixture Mixture Mixture Not Established Product and/or Components Entered on EPA's TSCA Inventory: YES This product is in U. Canadian Inventory Listing Status: DSL All ingredients are listed in the Domestic Substances List (DSL). commerce. and is listed in the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory of Chemicals. it may be subject to applicable TSCA provisions and restrictions. No. < > . Impurities are exempt in accordance with Section 3 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA).S.: LCM.Product Identification Synonyms: Chemical Name: Chemical Family: Chemical Formula: CAS Reg.

1000(f) Table Z-3 ** Respirable Dust *** The specific chemical identity of this material is being withheld asa trade secret. 8 80 < 1 >10 OSHA PEL ACGIH TLV 5 mg/m3 * 5 mg/m3 10 mg/m3 0. It will be provided in accordance with the provisions of 29 CFR Part 1910. Crystalline silica (Quartz) 14808-60-7 Proprietary*** Various % By Wt.1200(i). it will be provided to a treating physician or nurse through utilization of the above Emergency Telephone Number. < > .Components CAS Number Ingredients Calcium hydroxide 1305-62-0 Diatomaceous earth 61790-53-2 may include. In the event of a medical emergency.1 mg/m3** NE 0.1 mg/m3** NE * Refer to OSHA 1910.

Skin Protection: Use protective gloves for prolonged exposures. Eye Protection: Use chemical goggles. < > .Personal Protection Information Ventilation: Use adequate ventilation to control below recommended exposure levels. use NIOSH approved respirator for protection against dusts and mists having an exposure limit measured as a time-weighted average not less than 0. Where special or unusual uses or conditions exist. Respiratory Protection: For concentrations exceeding the recommended exposure level. NOTE: Personal protection information shown in Section C is based upon general information as to normal uses and conditions. it is suggested that the expert assistance of an industrial hygienist or other qualified professional be sought.05 mg/m3.

Immediately remove and launder contaminated clothing before reuse. Wear protective equipment and/or Garments described in Section C if exposure conditions warrant. Use only with adequate ventilation. Store in closed container. Do not breathe dust.Handling and Storage Precautions Do not get in eyes. > . < Store in well-ventilated area. Wash thoroughly after handling. on skin or on clothing.

Chlorine Trifluoride.Reactivity Data Stability: Stable Conditions to Avoid: Not Applicable Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Fluorine. Hydrofluoric Acid Hazardous Polymerization: Will Not Occur Conditions to Avoid: Not Applicable Hazardous Decomposition Products: Not Established < > . Oxygen difluoride.

Inhalation: May cause irritation to the mucous membranes of the nose.Health Hazard Data Recommended Exposure Limits: See Section B. Ingestion: May cause irritation to the gastrointestinal tract. Skin: May cause severe irritation with repeated or prolonged contact. throat and upper respiratory tract. < > . Acute Effects of Overexposure: Eye: May cause severe irritation with prolonged contact.

a common component of sand. Chronic inhalation of dust containing crystalline silica may cause silicosis. Crystalline silica. a progressive pulmonary fibrosis which may be associated with significantly impaired pulmonary function. Symptoms may progress after dust exposure ceases.Health Hazard Data (continued) Subchronic and Chronic Effects of Overexposure: Inhalation of high dust concentrations of silicon dioxide over an extended number of years may produce fibrotic lung disease. cardiopulmonary impairment and death. Other Health Effects: No known applicable information. has been classified as probably carcinogenic for humans (2A) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). < > . Silicosis typically results from silica dust exposure over many years.

Lung Toxin Human ___ ___ _X_ _X_ Materials Causing Other Toxic Effects A. Skin . Suspect Human Carcinogen.Toxin.Health Hazard Categories: Animal Known Carcinogen _X_ Suspect Carcinogen ___ Mutagen ___ Teratogen ___ Allergic Sensitizer ___ Highly Toxic ___ Human ___ _X_ ___ ___ ___ ___ Animal Toxic ___ Corrosive ___ Irritant _X_ Target Organ Toxin _X_ Specify . Known Animal Carcinogen. Very Toxic Carcinogen B. Lung .Irritant. __x__ (Crystalline Silica) Toxic Skin or Eye Irritant Specify: __x__ (Calcium Hydroxide) Eye .Irritant. < > .

First Aid and Emergency Procedures: Eye: Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least fifteen minutes. Inhalation: Immediately remove from exposure. Seek immediate medical attention.6 to 7 may aid in loosening and dissolving any adherent calcium hydroxide particles. If irritation or adverse symptoms develop. Ingestion: Give two glasses of water and induce vomiting. Note to Physician: Irrigation of the eye with a 0. If breathing ceases. If irritation or adverse symptoms develop.01 to 0.3 to 1. Skin: Immediately wash skin with soap and water for at least fifteen minutes.5%) EDTA solution at pH 4. If breathing is difficult. Seek medical attention. For effective irrigation this procedure may require administration of a local anesthetic. administer artificial respiration followed by oxygen. seek medical attention. < > . only if subject is conscious.05M (0. seek medical attention. give oxygen.

Physical Data Appearance: Odor: Boiling Point: Vapor Pressure: Vapor Density (Air = 1): Solubility in Water: Specific Gravity (H2O = 1): Percent Volatile by Volume: Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate=1): Viscosity: < Light off-white coarse powder Mild (slight earthy) Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Negligible > 2 Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable > .

Not Applicable Fire Extinguishing Media: Water.Not Applicable UEL . dry chemical. Use media appropriate for surrounding fire. foam. Use water fog or spray to cool exposed containers and equipment.Fire and Explosion Data Flash Point (Method Used): Not Applicable Flammable Limits (% by Volume in Air): LEL . Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Evacuate area of all unnecessary personnel. Fire and Explosion Hazards: Not Applicable. carbon dioxide (CO2). Use NIOSH approved self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and other protective equipment and/or garments described in Section C if conditions warrant. < > .

Vacuum spill. Control dust levels. < > . Wear protective equipment and/or garments described in Section C if exposure conditions warrant. If sweeping is necessary.Spill. Waste Disposal (Insure Conformity with all Applicable Disposal Regulations): Place in an approved waste disposal facility. wet down spill or use sweeping compound. Leak and Disposal Procedures Precautions Required if Material is Released or Spilled: Evacuate area of all unnecessary personnel.

DOT Transportation Shipping Name: Hazard Class: ID Number: Packing Group: Marking: Label: Placard: Hazardous Substance/RQ: Shipping Description: Packaging References: < Not Not Not Not Not Not Not Not Not Not Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated Regulated > .

Reference 40 CFR Part 261. EPA Test Method 1311) is required.Unadulterated Product as a Waste Prior to disposal. Wear protective equipment and/or garments described in Section C if conditions warrant. < > . Protection Required for Work on Contaminated Equipment Contact immediate supervisor for specific instructions before work is initiated.RCRA Classification . consult your environmental contact to determine if TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure.

1200): ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Combustible Liquid Compressed Gas Flammable Gas Flammable Liquid Flammable Solid ___ ___ _X_ ___ Flammable Aerosol Explosive Health Hazard (Section F) Organic Peroxide ___ ___ ___ ___ Oxidizer Pyrophoric Unstable Water Reactive ___ Based on information presently available. this product does not meet any of the hazard definitions of 29 CFR Section 1910.1200. < > .Hazard Classification _X_ This product meets the following hazard definition(s) as defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR Section 1910.

..600 ppm.0 Slight .2 High .3 Extreme . The 96-hour LC50 for freshwater trout is >13... SARA 313 As of the preparation date.. this product did not contain a chemical or chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR Part 372. The 96-hour LC50 for saltwater stickleback is >5.Signals Health : Flammability: Reactivity : Special Haz.4 2 0 0 - < > .N.. Region II drilling mud bioassay procedures. The results of these tests classify Diaseal M® as a non-toxic drilling mud additive. NFPA 704 Hazard Codes . The tests were conducted following the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA).000 ppm..1 Moderate .: Least . Additional Comments ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY: Environmental effects testing has been conducted using Diaseal M® in a generic mud.

No statement made herein shall be construed as a permission or recommendation for the use of any product in a manner that might infringe existing patents. FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR ANY OTHER WARRANTY. IS MADE AS CONCERNS THE INFORMATION HEREIN PROVIDED.Disclaimer: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP believes that the information contained herein (including data and statements) is accurate as of the date hereof. since the conditions and methods of use of the product and information referred to herein are beyond the control of Chevron Phillips. NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY. Further. EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. The information provided herein relates only to the specific product designated and may not be valid where such product is used in combination with any other materials or in any process. Chevron Phillips expressly disclaims any and all liability as to any results obtained or arising from any use of the product or such information. < > .

There is not a standard format for Material Safety Data Sheets. so they will not all look the same. however they should all contain the same categories of information < > .

• Follow the safety practices the MSDS gives you.The information on the MSDS can help you to work safely with hazardous materials. • Check the MSDS whenever you need more information. • Know where the MSDS for every hazardous chemical in your work area is kept. • Be familiar with the most important points for each hazardous material you use. < > . • Be ready to find emergency-response information on your company's MSDS form quickly.

Hazardous Material Storage < > .

indicating location and quantities. • An inventory of hazardous materials will be maintained. this inventory will be provided to the Emergency Response Teams. The inventory will be regularly checked and updated.Hazardous Material • Labels and markings Storage will be clearly visible on stored hazardous materials • Food goods will be stored away from any chemicals or other hazardous materials. such as nitric acid. < > . • In an emergency. will be stored away from combustible materials. • Products that may react with one another are to be separated • Oxidizing agents.

if at all possible. the new container must be clean and be properly labeled with the new contents and hazard warnings. When the chemical transfer can not be avoided.Hazardous Material Storage Transferring of chemicals from one storage container to another should be avoided. ACID DANGER This man is not wearing adequate PPE for this hazardous job! < > .

Minimizing the risk < > .

you must prevent exposure to hazardous materials by: • changing the process or activity so that the hazardous substance is not required or generated. < > . such as pellets instead of powder.Preventing Exposure If it is reasonably practicable. or • using it in a safer form. or • replacing it with a safer alternative.

but only AFTER considering and. putting into effect the above measures. leaks & other escape of hazardous materials • reducing the number of employees exposed. you should adequately control exposure by one or more of the following measures: • total enclosure of the process • partial enclosure and extraction equipment (local exhaust ventilation) • general ventilation • using systems of work and handling procedures which minimize the chances of spills.Controlling Exposure If prevention is not reasonably practicable. or the duration of their exposure. where possible. < > .

< > .Controlling Exposure When you are unable to adequately prevent or control exposure through other measures…then Personal Protective Equipment should be used to control exposure to hazardous materials.

Personal Protective Equipment < > .

Personal Protective Equipment ALWAYS WEAR THE RIGHT STUFF Personal Protective Equipment < > .

Personal Protective Typical PPE Worn When Handling Equipment Head protection Hazardous Materials. depending on the material being handled. Eye Protection Respiratory protection Eye & Face Protection Protective clothing with Long Sleeves Chemical resistant gloves Full body Chemical Resistant Suit Chemical resistant apron Used With Highly Toxic Materials Chemical resistant boots < > .

Personal Protective Equipment Before you begin. check that the PPE you have selected will offer adequate protection for the material you will be handling Selection is crucial < > .

Nitrile rubber gloves and boots are much more resistant to most organic solvents < > .Personal Protective Equipment For example. rubber or pvc gloves and boots will quickly dissolve when exposed to organic solvents.

A respirator designed for filtering out dust may not be suitable for working with solvents < > .Personal Protective Equipment Respirators must be suitable for the type of respiratory hazard you will be working with.

Personal Protective Equipment Two Kinds of Respirators Air-purifying Respirators: have filters. or canisters that remove contaminants from the air by passing the ambient air through the air-purifying element Atmosphere-supplying Respirators: supply clean air directly to the user from a source other than the air surrounding the user. before it reaches the user. cartridges. < > .

mists. and fumes • do not protect against gases or vapors • generally become more effective as particles accumulate on the filter and plug spaces between the fibers • filters should be replaced when user finds it difficult to breath through them < > . such as dusts.Personal Protective EquipmentThree Kinds of Air-purifying Respirators Particulate Respirators Gas & Vapor Respirators Combination Respirators • capture particles in the air.

Personal Protective EquipmentThree Kinds of Air-purifying Respirators Particulate Respirators Gas & Vapor Respirators Combination Respirators • are normally used when there are only hazardous gases and vapors in the air • use chemical filters (called cartridges or canisters) to remove dangerous gases or vapors • do not protect against airborne particles • are made to protect against specific gases or vapors • provide protection only as long as the filter's absorbing capacity is not depleted • the service life of the filter depends upon many factors and can be estimated in various ways < > .

Personal Protective EquipmentThree Kinds of Air-purifying Respirators Particulate Respirators Gas & Vapor Respirators Combination Respirators • are normally used in atmospheres that contain hazards of both particulates and gases • have both particulate filters and gas/vapor filters • may be heavier < > .

Personal Protective Three Kinds of Atmosphere-supplying Respirators Equipment Air-supplied Respirator Combination Respirators Self-contained Respirators • makes use of a hose to deliver clean. safe air from a stationary source of compressed air • provides clean air for long periods of time and are light weight for the user • limits the range of user-mobility and may fail due to hose damage • also called airline respirators are normally used when there are extended work periods required in atmospheres that are not immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) < > .

Personal Protective Three Kinds of Atmosphere-supplying Respirators Equipment Air-supplied Respirator Combination Respirators Self-contained Respirators • have an auxiliary self-contained air supply that can be used if the primary supply fails • the self-contained portion can be small since it only needs to supply enough air for escape • can be used for entry into confined spaces are normally used when there are extended work periods required in atmospheres that are or may be immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) < > .

60 minutes are normally used when there is a short-time need to enter and escape from atmospheres which are or may be immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) < > . cleanair supply pack  do not restrict movement with a hose connection  the closed-circuit type can provide air up to 4 hours  the open-circuit type only provide air for 30 .Personal Protective Three Kinds of Atmosphere-supplying Respirators Equipment Air-supplied Respirator Combination Respirators Self-contained Respirators  consists of a wearable.

Working safely with hazardous materials < > .

including safety showers and eyewash stations. Be alert to unsafe conditions and actions and bring them to the attention of your supervisor so that corrections can be made as soon as possible.Working safely with hazardous materials Before you begin Know the locations and how to use emergency equipment. < > . Know the types of personal protective equipment available and how to use them for each procedure. facility alarms and installation evacuation routes. Familiarize yourself with the emergency response procedures.

Working safely with hazardous materials Before you begin • Refer to the label or MSDS to learn: • the health hazards posed by the material • the appropriate PPE to wear • special handling instructions • The PPE recommended on the MSDS is to be used as a minimum requirement. • Check for warning signs or special instructions posted in the area < > .

Working safely with hazardous materials • Ensure that there is adequate ventilation. < > .. • but not so strong so as to cause powder materials to blow into the air..

jokes or horseplay < > .Working safety with hazardous materials Avoid distracting or startling other workers Do not allow practical.

Additionally. Do not smoke in any chemical storage or handling area. be aware that tobacco products in opened packages can absorb chemical vapors. or consume food or beverages in any chemical storage or handling area. < > . store (even temporarily).Working safety with hazardous materials Do not prepare.

Working safety with hazardous materials Never wear contaminated clothing into areas where food is consumed. Under no circumstances should mouth suction be used to start a siphon. Use a mechanical device to provide a vacuum. < > .

< > . Do not use solvents for washing skin.Working safety with hazardous materials Paint Thinner Wash well after the job.

emergency equipment. Acid < Avoid working alone when working with hazardous materials > y r we o Sh . controls. electrical panels etc.Working safety with hazardous materials nc e g er Em Do not block access to exits.

or touch eyes. < > . wash your hands with soap and water before you eat drink.Working safety with hazardous materials Keep work areas clean and free from obstruction. nose or mouth. After handling hazardous materials.

Emergency Response < > .

unobstructed access to the emergency equipment.First • Suitable units for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall be provided within the work area for immediate emergency use where any person may be exposed to injurious corrosive chemicals. • Each employee working with hazardous materials must be familiar with the location and use of the emergency equipment < > . • These units must be checked regularly and maintained in good working condition. • There must always be clear.Emergency Response Eye / BodyAid Exposure .

< > .First If you get something in your eye GET IT OUT IMMEDIATELY! • Go immediately to the nearest eyewash station.Emergency Response Eye / BodyAid Exposure . • Retract your eyelid (hold it open). • Don’t squint—this restricts water access. • Flush your eye thoroughly • Have a co-worker notify the medic to come immediately with first aid kit.

Emergency Response Eye / BodyAid Exposure .First If you spill a hazardous material on your body • Go immediately to the nearest emergency shower • Activate the shower and remove your clothing while under the shower • Thoroughly flush the affected area with water • Have a co-worker notify the medic to come immediately with first aid kit. < > .

First For emergency showers and eyewash stations to be effective.it only dilutes and washes them away. the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) recommends that the affected body part must be flushed immediately and thoroughly for at least 15 minutes using a large supply of clean fluid under low pressure.Emergency Response Eye / BodyAid Exposure . This is why large amounts of water are needed. < > . Water does not neutralize contaminants -.

 20 minutes for non-penetrating corrosives.First However. and  at least 60 minutes for penetrating corrosives. other references recommend a minimum 20-minute flushing period if the nature of the contaminant is not known. < > .  at least 20 minutes for moderate-to-severe irritants. The flushing or rinsing time can be modified if the identity and properties of the chemical are known. For example:  a minimum 5-minute flushing time is recommended for mildly irritating chemicals.Emergency Response Eye / BodyAid Exposure .

• If the person appears neurologically impaired it may be necessary to administer oxygen • If breathing has stopped. < > .Emergency Response Respiratory Exposure .First Aid • Move the person to fresh air immediately • Call for the installation medic • Ensure a clear airway exists • Identify the material which was inhaled and refer to the MSDS for first aid treatment • If the person is convulsing watch breathing and protect the person from falls or blows to the head. administer artificial respiration. • If the heart has stopped beating. administer CPR.

Emergency Response Ingestion & Injection of . Absorption • If breathing has stopped. administer CPR. Absorption. < Injection > . administer artificial respiration. Aid Hazardous Materials Ingestion • Call for the installation medic • Identify the hazardous material and refer to the MSDS .First. • If the heart has stopped beating.first aid instructions • Ensure a clear airway exists • If the person is convulsing watch breathing and protect the person from falls or blows to the head.

difficulty in breathing. weakness. loss of weight. loss of appetite. inability to breathe. skin irritation. blurred vision. fatigue. moodiness. • Severe Poisoning Fever. soreness in joints. diarrhea. excessive perspiration. stomach cramps. intense thirst. thirst. rapid pulse. • Moderate Poisoning Severe nausea. severe diarrhea. no muscle coordination and muscle twitches. convulsions. unconsciousness.Emergency Response Symptoms to be aware of .First Aid • Mild Poisoning Headache. dizziness. restlessness. increased rate of breathing. flushed or yellow skin. mental confusion. nausea. weepy eyes. excessive saliva. extreme weakness. trembling. pinpoint pupils. eye irritation. < > . cough. uncontrollable muscle twitches. perspiration.

Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill
If a spill or leak occurs in your facility, your
first concern should be the health and
safety of personnel.
These are general guidelines only, and your
response will vary, according to the
chemical spilled, the quantity, location, and
other varying circumstances.
Always refer to your installation’s
Emergency Response Plan and the MSDS
for the spilled material.

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Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill

Immediately alert personnel in the spill area and
your supervisor. Evacuate the area, if necessary.

Ventilate the area

If a volatile, flammable material is spilled, warn all
personnel and control sources of ignition.

Refer to the container label and MSDS to identify
the chemical spilled, the hazards posed, PPE
required and specific emergency response
instructions.

If deemed necessary, call the Emergency Response
Team to the scene to handle the spill. They are
required to be trained and exercised in the use of
the Emergency Spill Control Equipment.

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Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill

If personnel have been contaminated call the
Medic and perform First AID until he/she arrives.
Remove contaminated clothing immediately and
flush the skin with water. Refer to the MSDS
sheet for the appropriate first aid treatment.

Don the appropriate PPE (refer to MSDS). If
respiratory equipment is required, ensure that
there is another person outside the spill area in
communication

Encircle the chemical spill with neutralizing or
absorbent material in the spill kit.

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• After the chemical has been absorbed.Chemical Spill • Once the spill has been contained. leak-proof bag or container. • If the chemical spilled is a powder.e. sweep up carefully to prevent generation of dust. shovel. • Ensure the spill area and tools are thoroughly cleaned of any residue • Label and dispose all bags and containers according to hazardous waste disposal procedures < > . scoop. use the appropriate tools (i.Emergency Response General Guidelines for handling a chemical spill . apply neutralizing or absorbent material to the center of the spill. broom) to transfer the material into a sealed.

Do not panic and respond recklessly Do not work alone Do not clean up a spill until you are familiar with the properties of the chemical. < > .Emergency Response General Guidelines for handling a chemical spill .Chemical Spill Remember that a successful spill clean-up is one in which no one is exposed or injured during the clean-up. Remember to check the spilled chemical label and material safety data sheet.

Test your knowledge and competency < > .

Testing what you have learned ? What is a hazard? A Hazard = severity x potential B Something that has the potential to cause harm or damage C An incident that causes injury or damage D hazard = risk x severity < > .

Testing what you have learned ? Flammable Liquids have a flash point less than A 37.200 º F D 121.100 º F B Congratulations! 65.5 º C .150 º F You answered correctly! C 93.250 º F < > .1 º C .7 º C .3 º C .

Snacks can be eaten in the sack room when it is clean and no chemical handling is in process. T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .Testing what you have learned ? True or False .

Testing what you have learned ? What type of hazard does this yellow diamond represent? A health hazard Congratulations! B fire hazard You answered correctly! C reactivity hazard D special hazard < > .

Testing what you have learned ? What type of hazard does this red diamond represent? A health hazard Congratulations! B fire hazard You answered correctly! C reactivity hazard D special hazard < > .

Testing what you have learned ? True or False - indicates a corrosive material T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .

A Find the medic and get treatment ASAP. B Go to the nearest eyewash station and flush your eye thoroughly and then go back to work.. < > .Testing what you have learned ? If chemical splashes in your eye you should.. read the first aid instructions and follow them. D Find the MSDS . Congratulations! You answered correctly! C Go to the nearest eyewash station and flush your eye thoroughly and then go to the medic.

Testing what you have learned ? What type of hazard does this blue diamond represent? A health hazard Congratulations! B fire hazard You answered correctly! C reactivity hazard D special hazard < > .

This is why large amounts of water are needed.Water both neutralizes and dilutes hazardous contaminants. T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .Testing what you have learned ? True or False .

Testing what you have learned ? What is the meaning of this hazard symbol A 1 no unusual health hazard Congratulations! B CAUTION: may cause irritation You answered correctly! C CAUTION: May react if heated or mixed with water D DANGER: do not mix with water < > .

T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .the best prevention for exposure to hazardous materials is to wear the appropriate PPE.Testing what you have learned ? True or False .

Testing what you have learned ? What is the meaning of this hazard symbol A 4 DANGER: Explosive material Congratulations! B Fire extinguisher # 4 You answered correctly! C CAUTION: May burn if ignited D DANGER: Flammable gas or extremely flammable liquid. < > .

Testing what you have
learned ?

True or False - If breathing has stopped, administer oxygen
immediately.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

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Testing what you have
learned ?
Oxidizers can be best described as...

A

substances that emit iron oxide into the atmosphere

B

substances that deplete oxygen and cause
asphyxiation

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!
C

substances that give off oxygen or act like oxygen
and stimulate combustion?

D

a substance used to remove rust

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Testing what you have
learned ?

True or False - Fever, intense thirst, rapid breathing, and
uncontrollable muscle twitches are signs of severe poisoning.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

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in any quantity. poses a threat to life.Testing what you have learned ? What is the best description of a hazardous material? A a material that is hazardous B a material that under certain conditions may cause injury or illness Congratulations! You answered correctly! C a material that. health or property. D a toxic material that causes a health hazard < > .

Testing what you have learned ? True or False .Rubber or pvc gloves and boots will quickly dissolve when exposed to organic solvents. T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .

Testing what you have learned ? What is the meaning of this symbol? A Toxic B Congratulations! Irritant or Harmful You answered correctly! C Hazardous D corrosive < > .

Testing what you have learned ? True or False Indicates a flammable material T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .

Testing what you have learned ? Which of the following is not a “route of entry”? A Indigestion B Congratulations! Inhalation You answered correctly! C absorption D injection < > .

Testing what you have learned ? What is the most common “route of entry”? A Injection B Congratulations! Absorption You answered correctly! C Ingestion D Inhalation < > .

If you find a person who has been overcome by vapors the first thing you should do is identify what was inhaled. T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .Testing what you have learned ? True or False .

Testing what you have learned ? Chewing the plastic insulation on electric cable can cause which of the following health problems ? A Lead poisoning B Congratulations! Tooth decay You answered correctly! C Angina D Cerebral palsy < > .

Encyclopedia B Congratulations! The World Wide Web. product label You answered correctly! C Product label .Testing what you have learned ? What are the 2 best sources of information on a chemical? A MSDS. MSDS D The mud engineer. MSDS < > .

Inhalation is the most common route of entry.Testing what you have learned ? True or False . T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .

Testing what you have learned ? What does the acronym MSDS stand for? A Material Safety Description System B Congratulations! Material Safety Department Standards You answered correctly! C Material Standards Delivery System D Material Safety Data Sheet < > .

A location and hazard classification.Testing what you have learned ? An inventory of hazardous materials will be maintained indicating ________________________. < > . You answered correctly! C location and quantity. B Congratulations! quantity and hazard classification. D location and responsible person.

administer artificial respiration. T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .If the heart has stopped beating.Testing what you have learned ? True or False .

Testing what you have learned ? In an emergency the inventory of hazardous materials will be made available to the ________. A emergency response team B Congratulations! RSTC You answered correctly! C designated person D toolpusher < > .

Testing what you have learned ? The PPE recommended on the MSDS is to be used as a_______. You answered correctly! C recommendation. B Congratulations! mandatory requirement. A guideline. D minimum requirement. < > .

A oxidize. separated D vaporize. prohibited B Congratulations! liquify. prohibited < > .Testing what you have learned ? Products that ________ when combined will be ________. isolated You answered correctly! C react.

Testing what you have learned ? _______ will not be stored together with chemicals. A Food B Congratulations! Flammable liquids You answered correctly! C Nitric acid D Oxidizing agents < > .

T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > . flammable material is spilled.If a volatile.Testing what you have learned ? True or False . warn all personnel and control sources of ignition.

Testing what you have learned ? Which of the following practices is the best method of preventing exposure to hazardous materials? A Completing a THINK plan form B changing the process or activity so that the hazardous material is not required or generated. Congratulations! You answered correctly! C Using a safer form of the hazardous material. such as pellets instead of powder. D Wearing additional PPE < > .

Testing what you have
learned ?

True or False - A dust mask is sufficient protection for most
chemical used in the mud mixing process.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

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Testing what you have
learned ?

Which of the following is not an accepted method of
controlling exposure to hazardous materials?

A

general ventilation

B

Congratulations!
total or partial enclosure of the process
You answered correctly!

C

using systems and handling procedures which
minimize the risks.

D

Using additional manpower to speed up the job and
reduce exposure time.

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Testing what you have
learned ?

True or False - Flammable liquids are liquids with a flash point
of less than 100 degrees Fahrenheit - 38 Centigrade.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

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A adequate PPE should be used to control exposure to hazardous materials. B Congratulations! the job must be cancelled. < > . You answered correctly! C a permit to work form must be completed. D an exemption form will be completed before proceeding.Testing what you have learned ? When you are unable to adequately prevent or control exposure through other methods then….

Ingestion of hazardous materials can occur through smoking cigarettes that have absorbed toxic vapors.Testing what you have learned ? True or False . T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .

Congratulations! You answered correctly! C Rubber or pvc gloves and boots will quickly dissolve when exposed to organic solvents. < > .Testing what you have learned ? Which of the following statements is true? A Air purifying respirators require “Grade D” air B Leather boots offer adequate protection from most chemicals used on offshore installations. D Particulate respirators offer protection against gases and vapors.

Congratulations! You answered correctly! C Air supplied respirators use a hose to deliver clean safe air from a stationary source of compressed air.Testing what you have learned ? Which of the following statements is incorrect? A SCBA’s are normally used when there is a long term need. B SCBA’s are used in atmospheres that are dangerous to life and health. < > . D SCBA is the acronym for self contained breating apparatus.

T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .Testing what you have learned ? True or False .Your first concern during a hazardous material leak or spill should be containment.

refer to the label or MSDS to learn: A the components. appropriate PPE. mixing instructions. Congratulations! You answered correctly! C the health hazards. and first aid procedures < > . manufacturer. D the health hazards. appropriate PPE and expiration date.Testing what you have learned ? Before you begin. and special handling instructions. and expiration date B The health hazards.

when a chemical spill is detected alert everyone in the area to help contain and clean up the spill. T F Congratulations! You answered correctly! < > .Testing what you have learned ? True or False .

Testing what you have learned ? When you are mixing mud chemicals… which of the following conditions poses the greatest danger to your health? A The PPE is hot and uncomfortable. D The forklift is blocking the emergency shower and eyewash station. Congratulations! You answered correctly! C The door on the PPE locker has broken off. B The inspection tags are missing on 2 of the fire extinguishers in the compartment. < > .

If you have additional questions regarding hazardous materials please ask your supervisor.You have reached the end of this training. If is recommended that you review this material until you are able to answer all of the questions correctly the first time. < > .

Testing what you have learned ? Which of the following statements is true? A An eyewash station is used to neutralize any material which contaminates the eyes. The flushing / rinsing time can be modified if the identity and properties of the chemical are known. the recommended time for flushing / rinsing is 60 minutes. B The flushing or rinsing time for contamination with moderate-to-severe irritants is 5 minutes. < > . C D Congratulations! You answered correctly! If the nature of the contaminant is unknown.

Quit ? YES < NO > .

Please return to the question and try again.. Return to Last Question < > .Testing what you have learned ? Sorry. Your answer is incorrect..