CONCEPT OF CAUSATION OF ILLNESS IN CHLIDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE

PRESENTED BY GROUP 2 Dr Fariha,Dr Nazish,Dr Nelofar,Dr Fizza Dr Hammad,Dr Rehan,Dr Mohabbat,Dr Ali

INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE ( perception of people regarding causality of illness in children) ABSTRACT
Qualitative study In-depth Interviews Semi Structured Questionnaire Dialectical analysis, Technique

BACKGROUND

METHODOLOGY
STUDY DESIGN Focused Ethnography SAMPLE
Convenience purposive sampling

METHODOLOGY Questionnaire In-depth Interviews with parents Transcripied Verbatim

DATA ANALYSIS
THEMES
SUBTHEMES CATEGORIES CODES CONDENSATION

MEANING UNITS

DATA ANALYSIS
CATEGORIES
Hygiene Environmental factors Socioeconomic status Supernatural /spiritual factors Medical treatment preferences Domestic//herbal treatment preferences

SUB-THEME

THEME

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

Environment and practices accounting to Explained causality


Spiritual preferences

Familiar but unexpected events

Evil Eye accounting to unexplained causality

EVIL EYE

RESULTS
EXPALINED CONCEPTS OF ILLNESS Environment Hygiene Food Exposure to various weathers FAMILIAR BUT UNEXPECTED EVENTS Evil Eye

DISCUSSION
CLEAR UNDERSTANDING  Preferences of Treatment  Medical Practices  Religious Practices
 DAMM

NO CLEAR UNDERSTANDING
    EVIL EYE cause Prolong illness FAMILIAR BUT UNEXPECTED EVENTS  Downfall

 Whole situation Complex  Implications for Future

Studies

Strengths and limitation
• STRENGTHS
 Qualitative Methodology  Able to communicate  Field guides

• LIMITATIONS
    Time constraints Lack of previous contact Interruptions Being Doctor Researcher

CONCLUSION
• Differing perceptions of health & lay perception on definition of illness • Implication for future research • realize the actual logic or truth behind these concepts of laymen.

REFERENCES
1. Religious/Spiritual Coping in Childhood Cystic Fibrosis: A Qualitative Study Sara M. Pendleton, Kristina S. Cavalli, Kenneth I. Pargament and Samya Z. Nasr Pediatrics 2002;109;e8 The influence of mothers on their children's health attitudes and behavior Pediatrics 1964;33;444-453 Sticks and Stones May Break My Bones . . . Reasoning About Illness Causality and Body Functioning in Children Who Have a Chronic Illness Ellen C. Perrin, Aline G. Sayer and John B. Willett Pediatrics 1991;88;608-619 Development of Children's Concepts of Illness Roger Bibace and Mary E. Walsh Pediatrics 1980;66;912-917 Mothers' concepts of normality, behavioral change and illness in their children S.Irvine Department of public health medicine Lothian Health Board , Edinburgh. December 1990. Community concepts of malaria-related illness with and without convulsions in Southern Ghana Collin K Ahorlu , Kwadwo A Koram, Mitchell G Weiss 2.

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THANKS

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