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Environmental

Mgmt . Project
NAME : GEET H . SAHANI
PROJECT NO . : 48
ROLL NO .:
116
GIS (Geographic Information System) 1

GIS (Global Information System) G IS ( G e o g ra p h ic In fo rm a tio n S y ste m ) GIS (Geographic Information System) 2 .

GIS (Geographic Information System) 3 .

and displaying all forms of geographically referenced GIS (Geographic Information System) 4 . GIS has been developed in recent years for the purpose of using and studying geographic information. software. managing. What is GIS ?  • GIS stands for ‘geographic information System’. and data for capturing. analyzing. It integrates hardware.

 R o g e r To m lin so n GIS (Geographic Information System) 5 . O n ta rio . D e ve lo p e d b y D r. C a n a d a b y th e fe d e ra lD e p a rtm e n t o f Fo re stry a n d R u ra lD e ve lo p m e n t. HISTORY • T h e ye a r 1 9 6 2 sa w th e d e ve lo p m e n t o f th e w o rld 's first tru e o p e ra tio n a l G IS in  O tta w a .

satellite images. land surveying. Data can be sourced from aerial photography. global positioning systems (GPS) and government administrative records GIS (Geographic Information System) 6 . They can be captured through many different types of observations. population censuses. So to create geographic information. we have to record these two elements somehow.How do we create a GIS ? • Essentially. geographic information states what is where. field samples. measurements and surveys.

A GIS Creation GIS (Geographic Information System) 7 .

and write results into new derived GIS datasets. Maps of the underlying geographic information can be constructed and used as "windows into the database" to support queries.“ GIS is based on a structured database that describes the world in geographic terms • • The Map View: A GIS is a set of intelligent maps and other views that show features and feature relationships on the earth's surface. Types of GIS ? • There are mainly 3 types of GIS Systems : • The Database View: A GIS is a unique kind of database of the world—a geographic database (geodatabase). These geoprocessing functions take information from existing datasets. • • The Model View: A GIS is a set of information transformation tools that derive new geographic datasets from existing datasets. (Geographic Information System) 8 . and editing of the information. analysis. It is an "Information System for Geography. apply analytic functions.

P lo t a n d sto re in fo rm a tio n th a t d e scrib e s th e sh a p e s o f th e fe a tu re s in th e lo ca tio n sp a ce 3 . th e re fo re . C re a te a sp a ce in th e w h ich lo ca tio n s o f fe a tu re s ca n b e p lo tte d 2 . Essential Elements Of a GIS? A n y syste m th a t is ca p a b le o f w o rkin g w ith g e o g ra p h ic in fo rm a tio n m u st. a lso b e a b le to : 1 . S to re in fo rm a tio n th a t d e scrib e s w h a t th e sh a p e s re p re se n t GIS (Geographic Information System) 9 .

Functions Of a GIS? • M a p p in g a n d ca rto g ra p h y : Visualize features and manipulate symbology a n d co lo u rs to cre a te a n o u tp u t m a p w ith title . • • Q u e ry : Ask questions of feature attributes such as : where is… ? What ’ s the n e a re st… ? W h a t in te rse cts w ith … ? • • S e le ct: Id e n tify fe a tu re s a n d th e ir a ttrib u te s th a t m e e t so m e crite ria . • GIS (Geographic Information System) 10 • 3 D : Data can be viewed with ‘ height ’ in 3 -dimensions for powerful . n o rth a rro w e tc . sca le b a r. • • O v e rla y : The display of multiple layers of information at one location. • • D ista n ce : Calculates the distance between features . • • B u ffe rs : Rings drawn around features at a specified distance from the fe a tu re s. • • C lip : Cuts an input layer to the size and extent of a selected layer.

• Health Planning services and health impact. • Utilities Managing pipe networks. • Agriculture Analyzing crop yield. • Military Troop movement. • GIS (Geographic Information System) 11 . • Oil Monitoring ships. Crime mapping to target resources. • Transport Monitoring route. • Insurance Identifying risk : eg:risk of flooding . Where is GIS used ? Industry   Uses • Forestry Inventory and management of • Police resources.

y im p o rta n t te ch n o lo g y fo r th e n e w g GIS (Geographic Information System) 12 .

a n S a ve T h e E n viro n m e n t. It Ju st N e e d ’ s To B e M a n a THANKYOU GIS (Geographic Information System) 13 .