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CODE & STANDARD

Piping Engineer Training


Program
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Applicable Code and


Standard

ASME : American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ANSI : American National Standard Institute
API : American Petroleum Institute
ASTM : American Standard Testing & Material
NACE : National Association of Corrosion Engineers
SNI : Standar Nasional Indonesia
NEMA : National Electrical Manufacturers
Association
MSS : Manufacture Standardization Society
etc
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ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code contains eleven sections:
Section I Power Boilers
Section II Material Specifications
Section III
Division 1 Nuclear Power Plant Components
Division 2 Concrete Reactor Vessel and Containments
Section IV Heating Boilers
Section V Nondestructive Examination
Section VI Recommended Rules for Care and Operation of Heating Boilers
Section VII Recommended Rules for Care of Power Boilers
Section VIII
Division 1 Pressure Vessels
Division 2 Pressure Vessels (Alternative Rules)
Section IX Welding and Brazing Qualifications
Section X Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels
Section XI Rules for In Service Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant Components.
Primarily, Sections I, II, III, IV, V, VIII, IX, and XI specify rules and requirements for
piping. Sections V and IX are supplementary sections of the Code because they
have no jurisdiction of their own unless invoked by reference in the Code of
construction, such as Section I or III.

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ASME B31 PRESSURE PIPING


ASME B31.1 POWER PIPING
ASME B31.3 PROCESS PIPING
ASME B31.4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
FOR LIQUID HYDROCARBONS AND OTHER
LIQUIDS
ASME B31.5 REFRIGERATION PIPING
ASME B31.8 GAS TRANSMISSION AND
DISTRIBUTION PIPING SYSTEM
ASME B31.9 BUILDING SERVICES PIPING
ASME B31.11 SLURRY TRANSPORTATION PIPING
SYSTEMS
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ASME B31.1 POWER PIPING (1)

Scope
ASME B31.1, Power Piping Code,
covers minimum requirements for
the design, material, fabrication,
erection, test, and inspection of
power and auxiliary service
piping systems for electric
generation stations, industrial
and institutional plants, central
and district heating plants, and
district heating systems.

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ASME B31.3 PROCESS PIPING (1)

Scope
This Code prescribes requirements
for the materials, design,
fabrication, assembly, erection,
examination, inspection, and
testing of all piping within the
property limits of facilities
engaged in the processing or
handling of chemical petroleum or
related products.

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ASME B31.4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FOR


LIQUID HYDROCARBONS AND OTHER LIQUIDS (1)

Scope
Section B31.4 of the ASME Pressure Piping Code
specifies minimum requirements for the design,
materials construction, assembly, inspection,
testing of piping transporting liquids such as
crude oil, condensate, natural gasoline, natural
gas liquids, liquefied petroleum gas, liquid
alcohol, liquid anhydrous ammonia, and liquid
petroleum products between producers' lease
facilities, tank farms, natural gas-processing
plants, refineries, stations, ammonia plants,
terminals, and other delivery and receiving
points.
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ASME B31.4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FOR


LIQUID HYDROCARBONS AND OTHER LIQUIDS (2)

The scope of ASME B31.4 also includes the following:

Primary and associated auxiliary liquid petroleum and liquid


anhydrous ammonia piping at pipeline terminals, tank farms,
pump stations, pressure-reducing stations, and metering
stations, including scraper traps, strainers and proper loops
Storage and working tanks, including pipe type storage
fabricated from pipe and fittings and piping interconnecting
these facilities
Liquid petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia piping
located on property which has been set aside for such piping
within petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing,
ammonia, and bulk plants
Those aspects of operation and maintenance of liquid
petroleum and liquid anhydrous ammonia transportation
piping systems relating to the safety and protection of the
general public, operating company personnel, environment,
property, and the piping systems

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ASME B31.4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FOR


LIQUID HYDROCARBONS AND OTHER LIQUIDS (3)

ASME B31.4 does not apply to:

Auxiliary piping such as water, air steam, lubricating oil,


gas, and fuel
Pressure vessels, heat exchangers, pumps, meters, and
other such equipment, including internal piping and
connections for piping except as limited by Paragraph
423.2.4 (b) of ASME B31.4
Piping designed for internal pressures:
a. At or below 15 psi gauge pressure regardless of
temperature
b. Above 15 psi gauge pressure if design temperature is
below minus 20F or above 250F
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ASME B31.4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FOR


LIQUID HYDROCARBONS AND OTHER LIQUIDS (4)

ASME B31.4 does not apply to:

Casing, tubing, or pipe used in oil wells, wellhead


assemblies, oil and gas separators, crude oil production
tanks, other producing facilities, and pipelines
interconnecting these facilities
Petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing,
ammonia, and bulk plant piping, except as covered within
the scope of the Code
Gas transmission and distribution piping
The design and fabrication of proprietary items of
equipment, apparatus, or instruments, except as limited
by this Code
Ammonia refrigeration piping systems provided for in
ASME/ANSI B31.5, Refrigeration Piping Code

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ASME B31.8 GAS TRANSMISSION AND


DISTRIBUTION PIPING SYSTEM (1)

Scope
A pipeline or transmission line is defined as that pipe
which transmits gas from a source or sources of supply
to one or more large volume customers or to a pipe
used to interconnect sources of supply. ASME B31.8
prescribes requirements for the design, fabrication,
installation, testing, and safety aspects of operation and
maintenance of gas transmission and distribution piping
systems, including gas pipelines, gas compressor
stations, gas metering and regulation stations, gas
mains, and service lines up to the outlet of the
customer's meter set assembly. Also included within the
scope of ASME B31.8 are gas storage equipment of the
closed pipe type, fabricated or forged from pipe or
fabricated from pipe and fittings, and gas storage lines.

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ASME B31.8 GAS TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION


PIPING SYSTEM (2)

ASME B31.8 does not apply to the following:

Design and manufacture of pressure vessels covered by the


ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
Piping with metal temperatures above 450F or below -20F
Piping beyond the outlet of the customer's meter set assembly
Piping in oil refineries or natural gasoline extraction plants,
gas-treating plant piping other than the main gas stream
piping in dehydration, and all other process plants installed as
part of a gas transmission system, gas manufacturing plants,
industrial plants, or mines. Vent piping to operate at
substantially atmospheric pressures for waste gases of any
kind
Wellhead assemblies, including control valves, flow lines
between wellhead and trap or separator, or casing and tubing
in gas or oil wells
The design and manufacture of proprietary items of
equipment, apparatus, or instruments
The design and manufacture of heat exchangers
Liquid petroleum transportation piping systems (refer to ASME
B31.4)
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Pipe
ASME B36.10M : Welded & Seamless
Wrought Steel pipe
ASME B36.19M : Stainless Steel Pipe
API 5L : Specification for Line Pipe
AWWA : American Water Work
Asociation
ASTM : see Table 1

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Table-1 Piping Material


Combination

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Flanges & Fitting


Flanges
ASME B16.5 size 0,5 s/d 24
ASME B16.47 more than 24
MSS Sp 44 / API 605 more than 24

Fittings
ASME B16.11 forge Fitting, Socket Weld & Threaded
ASME B16.9 Factory-Made Wrought Butt-Welding Fittings
ASTM for Material Standard see table 1
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VALVEs
API 600 : Steel Gate, Globe and Check Valve for
NPS 4 and Smaller for Petroleum and Natural Gas
Industries
API 602 : Bolted Bonnet Steel Gate Valve for
Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries
API 6D : Pipeline Valve
API 6FA : Specification for Fire Test For Valve
API 598: Valve Inspection And Test
ASME B16.34 : Valve-Flanged, Treaded and
Welding End
etc
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Gasket & Bolt Nut


Gaskets
ASME B16.20 Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges
ASME B16.21 Non Metallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe
Flanges

Bolt & Nut


ASME B18.2.1 Square and Hex Bolts and Screw
(Inch Series)
ASME B18.2.1 Square and Hex Nut (Inch
Series)
AgusASME
Margono B1.1 Unified Inch Screw Thread

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