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Presented By:-

Manish Bhardwaj
Vanita Ohri
HISTORY
Social security is largely non-contributory in New Zealand, and officially neither
employees nor employers make contributions.

YEAR BASIC FEATURES


1938 New Zealand Act was enacted to provide for the
payment of supernnuation benefits and for other
disabilities arising from age sickness, widowhood,
orphanhood and unemployment.
Under this act:-
a).Provision were made for medical and hospital
treatment
b).Promotion of health and general welfare of the
community.
c). Provision for claim of coverage of contingencies
(benefits to the citizens from cradle to the grave to
be provided by state).
1944 Recommendations were given on income security
and medical security.
Minimum Standards Convention
1952 It divides social security in 9 divisions:-
a). Medical Care
b). Sickness Benefit
c). Unemployment Benefit
d). Old age benefit
e). Employment Injury Benefit
f). Family Benefit
g). Maternity Benefit
h). Invalidity Benefit
i). Survivors Benefit
1974 UNIVERSAL ‘NO FAULT’ ACCIDENT
INSURANCE SCHEME WAS INTRODUCED.
It includes:-
a). Accident Compensation Act earning
related Compensation to employed persons
for loss or reduction of earning capacity from
any accident regardless of whether or not
connected with employment.
b). It also included compensation for
occupational diseases but excludes diseases
not related to employment.
c). Also there is establishment of accident
compensation commission by the act is
entrusted with paying cash benefits as well
as undertaking accident prevention and
rehabilitation.
•New Zealand nationals, permanent residents and foreign workers
temporarily employed in New Zealand are covered by social security,
without the need to make social security contributions. (They must, however,
make contributions to the ACC scheme).

•Benefits are normally paid only after a minimum period of residence,


e.g. unemployment benefit is available only after you’ve lived in New
Zealand for two years, and national superannuation (state pension)
usually requires a ten-year residence period. However, New Zealand has
reciprocal agreements with certain countries (including Australia,
Canada, Denmark, Greece, Guernsey, Ireland, Jersey, the Netherlands
and the UK), under which those migrating from these countries can
apply for New Zealand social security benefits as soon as they arrive to
take up permanent residence.
Benefits
Social security benefits are paid (where appropriate) at a flat rate, irrespective of your
previous income. Benefits are taxable (assuming you earn enough to pay tax) and the
Department of Social Welfare deducts the tax due (if applicable) before paying benefits. If
you receive a benefit for the first time and aren’t registered for tax, you should contact
your local IRD office, which will issue you with an IRD number. This is required by Work
and Income in order to deduct tax before paying your benefits. Those who receive no
income other than benefits receive an ‘M’ tax code.