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API 579-1/ASME FFS-1

Fitness-For-Service Standard
API CRE Meeting
April 18, 2007

David A. Osage
Chairman
Joint API/ASME Fitness-For-Service Standards Committee

Presentation Overview
Introduction
Joint API/ASME Fitness-For-Service Standards Committee
New Joint API and ASME FFS Standard
Overview of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
Balloting of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
Technical Basis and Validation of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
Relationships to Other FFS Standards
Whats next

Introduction
The first edition of API 579 produced by API CRE FFS
Task Group is issued in 2000 and becomes the de facto
international Fitness-For-Service (FFS) Standard for
pressure containing equipment in the refining and
petrochemical industries
ASME forms Post Construction Committee (PCC) to
develop standards for in-service fixed equipment
FFS effort started under ASME PPC, existing API CRE
Task Group continues to develop the next edition of API
579, many committee members are serving on both
committees
In order to streamline development efforts, pool
resources, and promote widespread regulatory
acceptance, API and ASME agree to form a joint
committee to produce a single FFS standard that can be
used for pressure-containing equipment for all industries
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Joint API/ASME FFS Standards Committee


Joint API/ASME Committee formed, first meeting takes
place on February 5, 2002
Polices and procedures manual developed covering

Charter
Organization
Officers
Membership
Meetings
Committee Actions (Voting and Balloting)
Public Review and Submittal to ANSI
Interpretations
Appeals
Records

Polices and procedures manual approved by API CRE


and ASME BPTCS

Joint API/ASME FFS Standards Committee


Oversight by API CRE and ASME BPTCS
Membership
Approval of standards actions

Current committee has 39 members in 11 interest categories

Regulatory/Jurisdictional
Insurance/Inspection
Petroleum Refining
Petroleum Production
Chemicals Manufacturing
Pipeline Companies
Power Generation
Design/Engineering
Repair/Manufacturing
General Interest
Pulp & Paper

Membership includes international participation from France,


UK, Japan, Canada, others

New Joint API and ASME FFS Standard


API 579 will form the basis of the new joint API/ASME
standard that will be produced by the API/ASME joint
committee
The initial release of the new joint standard designated as
API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 is scheduled for the second
quarter of 2007
API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 2007 standard will include all
topics currently contained in the first edition of API 579
and will also include new parts covering FFS assessment
procedures that address unique damage mechanisms
experienced by other industries
API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 2007 will supersede API 579-2000

Overview of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


Sections and Appendices in the API 579-2000 are being
renamed to Parts and Annexes in API 579-1/ASME FFS1 2007
New Enhancements Existing Sections and New Parts
Part 5 - Assessment of Local Thin Areas, assessment procedures
for gouges have been relocated to Part 12
Part 7 - Assessment of Blisters and HIC/SOHIC Damage,
assessment procedures for HIC/SOHIC damage have been added
Part 8 - Assessment of Weld Misalignment and Bulges, assessment
procedures for bulges removed, assessment procedures for dents,
gouges, and dent-gouge combinations have been relocated to Part
12
Part 10 - Assessment of Equipment Operating in the Creep Range,
assessment procedures for remaining life calculations for
components with or without crack-like flaws have been added
Part 12 - Assessment of Dents, Gouges, and Dent-Gouge
Combinations, new Part
Part 13 - Assessment of Laminations, new Part
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Overview of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


New Enhancements Existing and New Annexes
Annex B - Stress Analysis Overview for a FFS Assessment,
complete rewrite to incorporate new elastic-plastic analysis
methods and fatigue evaluation technology developed for the
ASME Div 2 Re-write Project, Structural Stress/Master S-N
Approach will be included
Annex C - Compendium of Stress Intensity Factor Solutions, new
stress intensity factor solutions for thick wall cylinders, through
wall cracks in cylinders and spheres, holes in plates
Annex E - Compendium of Residual Stress Solutions, complete
rewrite to incorporate new solutions developed by PVRC Joint
Industry Project
Annex F - Material Properties for a FFS Assessment, new stressstrain curve model incorporated
Annex H - Technical Basis and Validation of FFS Procedures
Annex K - Crack Opening Areas, new annex covering crack
opening areas for through-wall flaws in cylinders and spheres
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Overview of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


Organization of Parts

Part 1 Introduction

Part 2 FFS Engineering Evaluation Procedure

Part 3 Assessment of Equipment for Brittle Fracture

Part 4 Assessment of General Metal Loss (tm < tmin - large area)

Part 5 Assessment of Localized Metal Loss (tm < tmin - small area)

Part 6 Assessment of Pitting Corrosion

Part 7 Assessment Of Hydrogen Blisters and Hydrogen Damage


Associated with HIC and SOHIC

Part 8 Assessment of Weld Misalignment and Shell Distortions

Part 9 Assessment of Crack-Like Flaws

Part 10 Assessment of Equipment Operating in the Creep Regime

Part 11 Assessment of Fire Damage

Part 12 Assessment of Dents, Gouges, and Dent-Gouge Combinations

Part 13 Assessment of Laminations

Overview of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


Organization of Annexes

Annex A Thickness, MAWP, and Stress Equations for a FFS


Assessment

Annex B Stress Analysis Overview for a FFS Assessment

Annex C Compendium of Stress Intensity Factor Solutions

Annex D Compendium of Reference Stress Solutions

Annex E Residual Stresses in a FFS Evaluation

Annex F Material Properties for a FFS Assessment

Annex G Deterioration and Failure Modes

Annex H Validation

Annex I Glossary of Terms and Definitions

Annex J Currently Not Used


Annex K Crack Opening Areas

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Balloting of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


The initial ballot was issued on March 11th, 2002, and
the final ballot was issued on March 28th, 2007
A total of 119 ballots were issued, closed, and all
comments were resolved by the joint committee; an
outstanding effort by all committee members!
Two committees were simultaneously balloted, API/ASME
Joint Committee on FFS and the API CRE Task Group on
FFS, many members serve on both committees
Worked with the following Joint Industry Projects to
support balloting process; technology development is
heavily leveraged

MPC Fitness-For-Service JIP


MPC HIC JIP
MPC Project Omega JIP
PVRC Div2 Re-write JIP
PVRC Weld Residual Stress JIP
Battelle Structural Stress JIP
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Balloting of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


Coordinated the balloting process of API 579-1/ASME
FFS-1 with the new ASME Section VIII, Division 2
Pressure Vessel Code to achieve harmonization
between Fitness-For-Service and design rules, where
appropriate; feedback from both standards committees
subsequently used to improve both documents
Submitted for ANSI approval on February 23, 2007,
final ANSI approval expected in May, 2007 (BSR8 &
BSR9)
ASME Board on pressure technology Codes and
Standards (BPTCS) approved API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
on March 28, 2007
API CRE approval required, expected at the April 18,
2007 API Spring Meeting

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Publication of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1


Editing performed by D.A. Osage on volunteer basis
Streamlined publication process

All parts produced in MS Word using MathType for equations,


Visio for graphics, and SigmaPlot for graphs
Production ready MS Word documents circulated to committee
members during balloting process using MS Word red-line mode
feature
After final approval, MS Word versions of all Parts sent to E2G
Publications Department for review with API Publications Staff
and final document processing
Hypertext Links added to MS Word files, PDF version produced
with full hyperlink capability
PDF version sent to API, forms basis of electronic version and
paper version
Very time/cost effective process for producing a large complex
document (over 1700 pages)

Production version of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 currently posted


on E2G website with DRAFT Watermark, available to
committee members, password protected
Waiting for final approval, publication expected in May 2007

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Technical Basis and Validation of


API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
Joint API/ASME FFS Committee committed to
publishing the technical basis to all FFS assessment
procedures utilized in API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 2007 in
the public domain
Appendix H of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 2007 provides
an overview of technical basis and validation with
related references organized by damage type; the
references are published in a series of WRC Bulletins
and technical papers
Publication of technical background has been
instrumental in obtaining acceptance from regulatory
bodies

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Technical Basis and Validation of


API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
WRC Bulletins Published
Review of Existing Fitness-For-Service Criteria for Crack-Like Flaws
(WRC 430)
Technologies for the Evaluation of Non-Crack-Like Flaws in
Pressurized Components - Erosion/Corrosion, Pitting, Blisters, Shell
Out-of-Roundness, Weld Misalignment, Bulges, and Dents in
Pressurized Components (WRC 465)
Development of Stress Intensity Factor Solutions for Surface and
Embedded Cracks in API 579 (WRC 471)
Stress Intensity and Crack Growth Opening Area Solutions for
Through-wall Cracks in Cylinders and Spheres (WRC 478)
Recent Progress in Analysis of Welding Residual Stresses (WRC 455)
Recommendations for Determining Residual Stresses in Fitness-ForService Assessments (WRC 476)
Master S-N Curve Method for Fatigue Evaluation of Welded
Components (WRC 474)
An Overview and Validation of The Fitness-For-Service Assessment
Procedures for Locally Thin Areas in API 579 (WRC 505)

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Technical Basis and Validation of


API 579-1/ASME FFS-1
WRC Bulletins In Preparation

An Overview of The Fitness-For-Service Assessment Procedures for


Pitting Damage in API 579
Compendium of Temperature-Dependent Physical Properties for
Pressure Vessel Materials (WRC 503)
An Overview and validation of the Fitness-For-Service Rules for the
Assessment of HIC/SOHIC Damage in API 579
An Overview of the Fitness-For-Service Assessment Procedures for
Weld Misalignment and Shell Distortions in API 579
An Overview and Validation of the Fitness-For-Service Assessment
Procedures for Crack-Like Flaws in API 579
An Overview and Validation of Residual Stress Distributions for Use
in the Assessment Procedures of Crack-Like Flaws in API 579
MPC Project Omega and Procedures for Assessment of Creep
Damage in API 579
Development of a Local Strain Criteria Based on the MPC Universal
Stress-Strain Equation
Update on the Master S-N Curve Method for Fatigue Evaluation of
Welded Components
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Relationships to Other FFS Standards


Alternative FFS Methodologies from international standards
permitted under a Level 3 Assessment; for example, Section
9 covering crack-like flaws provides reference to:
Nuclear Electric R-6
Nuclear Electric R-5 (FFS in creep regime)
BS 7910 (PD 6493)
SAQ/FoU-Report 96/08
EPRI J-Integral
Joint API/ASME Committee continuing to set up technical
liaisons with other international FFS standard writing bodies
Depending on committee review, next edition of API 5791/ASME FFS-1 may reference FITNET FFS procedures

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Whats Next
API/ASME FFS Joint committee currently working on
separate example problems manual, scheduled for
release in 2008
Committee also addressing agenda items generated
during balloting process
Subgroup of committee working on FFS methods for
cast iron rollers in the pulp & paper industry

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Whats Next
Technical advancements planned for the next release
include

Updated brittle fracture screening procedures


Enhanced LTA assessment procedures
Enhanced crack-like flaw assessment procedures
Further improvements in residual stress solutions
Improvements in material property evaluation for inservice components
Assessment of HTHA (High Temperature Hydrogen Attack)
Damage
Assessment of Hot-Spot
Assessment of Fatigue Damage
Other needs based on user feedback

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