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You are on page 1of 53

word “FRACTIO” which

means to break.

• Early 1800 B.C,

Egyptians were

writing fractions and

they use hieroglyphs

• Unit fraction has 1 as

its numerator (top number).

They put a mouth

picture (which meant part)

above a number to make

it into a unit fraction.

•The Babylonians,

were the first people

to come up with a

more sensible way on

representing a

fraction.

• During 500 A.D, the

Indians developed a

system from a way of

writing called

“BRAHMI”.

In India, fractions

were written very much

like we do now, with one

number (the numerator) above

another (the denominator),

but without a line.

It was the Arabs who

added the line (sometimes

drawn horizontally, sometimes on a

slant) which we now use to

separate the numerator

and denominator

May we request

everyone to watch our

prepared video about

fraction

• A Fraction is

a part of a

whole.

Two numbers that compose a

fraction are called the:

Numerator

Denominator

THE DENOMINATOR

tells into how many

parts the whole is

divided.

THE NUMERATOR

indicates the

represented number

of pieces of the whole.

The 3 is the numerator ;

the 5 is the denominator.

make up the whole.

Only those part are being

referred to.

KINDS OF FRACTION

a.Proper Fraction

b.Improper Fraction

c.Mixed Numbers

PROPER FRACTION

denominator indicating a part of a

whole.

• the value of proper fraction is < 1.

IMPROPER FRACTION

denominator indicating a whole or

mixed number.

•The value of an improper fraction

is 1 or more.

MIXED NUMBERS

•a whole number and a proper

fraction indicating whole

number(s) plus a part of a

whole.

•The value of a mixed number is

> 1 : it is the sum of the whole

number plus the fraction.

To Change an Improper Fraction

into mixed number or a whole

number:

1. Divide the denominator into the

numerator

2.If there is a remainder, change it

into a fraction by writing it as the

top number over the bottom

number of the improper fraction.

Write it next to the whole number.

To change a mixed number into

an improper fraction :

the bottom number

2.Add the top number to the

product of step 1.

3.Write the total as the top

number of a fraction over the

original bottom number.

A fraction means “Divide”

The top number of the fraction is

divided by the bottom number

Means

“3 divided by 5”.

The value of 3/5 is the same as

the quotient you will get when

you do the division.

BUT ...

* Reducing Fraction means

writing in its lowest terms, that

is with smaller numbers.

change its value.

“When you do arithmetic

with fraction always

reduce your answer to its

lowest term”

Crossing out zeros is the same as dividing by

10, 100, 1000 etc., depending on the number

of zeros you cross out.

“It is faster to reduce when

you find the LARGEST

number that divides evenly in

both numbers of fraction”

Crossing out zeros is the same as dividing by

10, 100, 1000 etc., depending on the number

of zeros you cross out.

One is cut into 6 slices and the other

one is cut into 3 slices.

1 1

6 3

LARGER SLICES

If you eat 1 of pizza no. 2 you’re eating more pizza

than if you eat 1 of the pizza no.1.

Always remember that FRACTION means divide.

Divide the top number by the bottom number.

Changing to decimals is simply the meaning.

If both fraction have the same denominator, then you can

compare their top number.

The top number of one fraction with the bottom number of the fraction, and

write the results over the top number.

Repeat the process using the other set of top and bottom numbers.

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