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2001

2 1 Internet

1 APARNET

ARPANET
NCP

ARPANET


1)

2 TCP/IP

TCP Transmission Control Protocol


IP
Vincent Cerf Robert
Kahn

2 TCP/IP

TCP/IP
1

(
IP )

TCP/IP
TCP IP
IP

TCP/IP LAN 1974


TCP TCP/IP

TCP/IP 1978 ARPANET


1980 TCP/IP 1983
1

2 TCP/IP

TCP/IP 4
TCP/IP
TCP/IP
HTTP FTP

"
"
" "

TCP/IP

3 TCP/IP
TCP/IP

DNS(Domain Name System) IP

FTP(File Transfer Protocol)

TELNET(Telecommunication network)
Telnet
telnet

SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)

TFTP(Trivial File Transfer Protocol)

3 TCP/IP

TCP(Transmission Control Protocol)

UDP(User Data-gram Protocol)

IP(Internet Protocol)

ICMP(Internet Control Message Protocol)


IP

ARP(Address Resolution Protocol) IP

RARP(Reverse ARP)
IP ;

Web

1989 3 Tim Berners-Lee CERN (Centre European pour la


Recherche Nucleaire )
Information Management: A Proposal

1990 Web Web CERN


Berners-Lee Web

Web
Web
HTTP Web
HTML URL Web
1993 NCSA (National
Center for Supercomputing Applications) Marc Andreesen
Mosaic
Web
1994 W3 Tim Berners-Lee
Web Web

WWW
1 WWW

Web
Web Web
Web
3D
Web
Web

2 60

WWW
3
( )

4 Web WWW

WWW
(Page) Internet Web
Web

WWW
5 (Hyperlink) WWW
Internet Web

5.4.1
WWW

6 HomePage
WWW Web
Web
Web
(URL)

WWW
7 (HTTP)

(HTTP Hyper Text Transfer


Protocol) Web WWW
( Client) Web
( Server) HTTP
HTTP
Web Web
HTTP

HTTP 1991
HTTP TCP/IP

(HTML)

(HTML Hyper Text Markup


Language) WWW

HTML

HTML SGML
SGML

(HTML)

(HTML Hyper Text Markup


Language) WWW

HTML

HTML SGML

2 HTML

SGML DTD SGML


HTML DTD WWW
HTML 90 HTML

WWW
WWW
HTML
HTML Internet Explorer
Navigator Netscape
Communicator HTML
SGML SGML
WWW SGML
DTD
HTML
SGML HTML DTD Navigator Internet Explorer
SGML HTML SGML
WWW

3 XML
HTML XML SGML
XML WWW
HTML XML

HTML

XML XML

3 XML

XML

4 HTML
1.0 1991
1.0
HTML


HTML HTML
WWW WWW (W3C)
HTML 2.0

HTML 2.0 1995 9 HTML

Internet Explorer 2.0 Navigator 2.0


COMDEX

HTML 2.0 HTML2.0


WWW

4 HTML

HTML 2.0 HTML 3.0 1997 HTML


3.2 3.2 3.0
HTML
WWW
HTML 3.2 WWW
1994 WWW
3.0 WWW
HTML 3.2

1997 12 WWW HTML 4.0 4.0


OBJECT CSS WWW
OBJECT HTML
WWW
CSS WWW
CSS
WWW
OBJECT CSS 4.0
4.0
4.0

IP
Internet TCP/IP Internet
IP

1 IP

IP 4 32 4

129.45.8.22
0x8 0x43 0x10 0x26 IP

IP ID ID
ID

ID

ID IP 4 2
ID
ID

IP
32
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0
8

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10

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110

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223 240 IP

E 11110

IP
IP 1
126 A 128 191 B 192 223 C
224 239 D 240 255 E
(0 0 0 0) 1 IP
(255 255 255 255)

IP ID
0 IP 129 45 0 0
ID 1 IP
129 45 255 255 ID 127
127 127 1 1 1
ID 8 0" 0"
ID 0 1 IP

IP
A 0 7
ID 24 ID B 10
14 16 C 110 21 8
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10.0.0.51 128.10.2.1 A B IP

2 (DNS)
Internet DNS( )

IP

Internet (DNS Domain Name System)


. .

( )
Internet ( )

2 (DNS)

Internet ( )
com
ru be
in
edu es fl
il
gov
ch
de
jp
mil
gb
ie
no
net at it
se
org
ca nl
cn
int
dk
hk( ) tw ( )

au
fr

3 URL
HTTP FTP IP
http://www.pku.
edu.cn

WWW

1
WWW WWW
/ WWW
Internet Explorer Navigator WWW

WWW
WWW

WWW

HTML
WWW

WWW
/
WWW

2 WWW /
/ WWW

WWW /

3 WWW /

WWW
WWW WWW
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HTML
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4 /

WWW WWW

5 /

WWW
WWW HTML

WWW

/ 3

Web Web Java

HTTP

HTML

WWW

TCP/IP WWW
WWW WWW

TCP/IP FTP Telnet HTML WWW

PC

PC
TCO

VPN

7
7

VPN

VPN

VPN VPN

VPN


/ EDI
/

VPN
VPN

VPN

FedEx

FedEx FedEx
FedEx

FedEx

FedEx
FedEx
WWW FedEx

FedEx Ship WWW


FedEx
FedEx
FedEx
FedEx

1 Telnet .
Telnet
Remote Login

IP
Telnet
Telnet

Telnet Telnet
locis.loc.gov
WWW Telnet URL telnet://locis.loc.
gov
Telnet

Telnet Windows Telnet.exe


Telnet

2 FTP
FTP File Transfer Protocol Telnet

FTP /
FTP

FTP

FTP FTP

WWW
FTP
FTP

3 Email

4 WWW
WWW World Wild Web

Hyperlink Hypertext
WWW
WWW

WWW
Telnet FTP Email

INTERNET

1
20 60 ARPA Advanced Research Projects
Agency ARPAnet

20 80 National Science Fund NSF


5
NSFnet
1982
TCP/IP
UNIX BSD 4.1 TCP/IP 1983 ARPAnet

20 90

CERnet PSInet Alternet

1994
150 3 320 3500
NSFnet 1995 4 30

2.

1987 9 20
CANET Chinese Academic Network
Internet

1988 12 UBC
University of British Columbia X400
X.25 UBC

1993 3 2 AT&T
SLAC
64K

1993 12
NCFC
3

2.

1994 1 NCFC

1994 3 64Kbps 1994 4 20


NCFC Sprint Internet 64K

2.

ChinaPAC ChinaDDN
ChinaFRN PSTN CHINAMAIL

CSTNet
ChinaNet CERNet
ChinaGBN
UNINET CNCNET

1995 7 CERNET
128K

1996 1 CHINANET

2.

1996 9 6 CHINAGBN
256K
1996 12 10

1997 10 CNNIC
Internet 1998 7
1 7
7 8

WWW

2001
3 3257M

2.

CSTNET 55M
CHINANET 2387M
863M 867M 657M
CERNET 117M
CHINAGBN 151M
51M 49M 51M
UNINET 100M 47M
53M
(CNCNET) 355M
200M 155M
CIETNET 2M
CMNET 90M 45M
45M
CGWNET
CSNET


Internet
1 NGI
Internet Internet

Intemet
1996 10
Internet NGI
LSNWG NG1
Internet

2002
1 2
3 Internet

2 Internet 2

1996 10 1 34
Internet
Internet 2 I2 1997
9 Internet UCAID
Internet 2
UCAID 185

UCAID
ANS Bay Cisco Fore IBM Newbridge
Nortel starburst 3Com UCAID

3 5 Internet2 100

2 Internet 2

Internet 2

VirtualProximity



Qos


Internet 2 Internet

Internet

2 Internet 2

1999 2 24 Internet 2
Abilene
37
Abilene
Internet

3 vBNS

1995 4 vBNS
NSF MCI 5 NSF

80
SCC CTC NCAR
NCSA PSC
SDSC SCC
NSF

25Gbits
SCC
Internet
NSF SCC
SCC NSF MCI MC1
vBNS MCI vBNS
NSF
1995 4 vBNS MCI 5 NSF
vBNS 4 Internet NAP
Sprint NAP NAP D.C.MFS
NAP Ameritech NAP

Internet NGI vBNS Internet 2

Internet
Internet2 1996 10 1 34
Internet

184

NGI 1996 10 10

Internet l00 1000


DARPA NASA NSF DoE NIST

Internet 2
Internet 2

Internet 2 NGI
Internet 2 NSF NSF
NGI NSF vBNS NGI
Internet 2
NSF vBNS 92
77 Internet 2 Internet 2
GigaPOP
NGI
vBNS NREN DREN ESnet
NGI
Internet2

NGI NGI
Internet 2

Internet
Internet

Internet
CANET3
APAN

2 5 Internet

CA*netII/3

KTH21

JANET2

RENATER

MIRnet

IUCC

NORDUnet

SURFnet

APAN

NSFCNET


Internet 2
Internet
Internet 1999
1 KDD KTH21 KDD
21 T
wDM Pure IP
Network KDD 2005
1TB 2010 1TB

1998 2 5500
CANARIE

Internet CA*net3
Internet DWDM
ATM SDH CA*net 3
32 40Gb s DWDM
10 GigaPoP
DWDM IP CA*net3

1
CA net3

NCFCNet

2000 9 NSFCNET

Internet 2

NSFCNET 200Gbps DWDM


2.5 10Gbps

CERNET CSTNET
Internet2 APAN
Internet2

NCFCNet

NSFCNET

NSFCNET
200GBPS 400
DWDM 10GBPS
2 5
10GBPS
DRAGONTAP Internet
2 IPv6 IPv6

50 100
VOD

NCFCNet

NSFCNET

NSFCNET
NSFCNET
Internet 2
NSFCNET
NCFCNET CERNET CSTNET

Internet 2

Internet QoS

Internet

Internet 2

QoS Internet

Internet

Internet QoS

QoS

Internet

5 Internet

Internet


100 1000
Internet




Internet

Internet 2
Internet 2
HDTV 11
Internet 2 Internet
2
Internet2

Internet 2

IP

Internet 2

Internet
VR 3D Internet 2

Push

DDN

2799M 2000 12 31

ISP

7700
17
200 400 1100

" "
2.5G 10G 40G

17
IP Over DWDM
40G

xDSL
Cable Modem
Cable Modem CATV
xDSL ADSL
2005 Cable
Modem
80%

ADSL Cable Modem


ADSL

Cable Modem

ADSL
Cable Modem

Internet

(CSMA/CD)
(10Base-T ) (100BSAT-T)

1.3
2000

ADSL
3 ADSL
5

8000 2
5
6000
CABLE MODEM

ITU

IDC 94%

1/4 1/3

PC 2000 678.2 1999


38% 649.1 1999
28.4% 91.4%
2000 620 1999
38.2% 527.1 1999
29.3%

1998 373.5 16.0%


1999 448.7 20.1%
2000 620
38.2%

1998 2000

1998
373.5
16.0%
1999
448.7
20.1%
2000
620
38.2%
2000
1999

2000

63.6%
2001 1


600 2.6 2005
1.71 108

YadaYada

CD

WAP Wireless Application Protocol

WAP(Wireless Application Protocol)


Internet
WWW WAP Internet

WAP Ericsson
Nokia Motorola Unwired Planed 1997 WAP
WAP

WAP
SmartPhone E-Mail
PIM
LCD Web email
WBMP ISP
WAP Forum
100 WAP

http://www.wapforum.org WAP WAP


WAP WWW
Internet
Web WAP
WAP WAP

http://www.one2free.com.cn
WAP
1997 6 Phone.com Unwired Planet
Nokia Motorola Ericsson WAP Forum
Internet
1997 9
1998 1 WAP Forum, Ltd. WAP
WAP Forum WAP

1998 3 5 WAP Forum


WAP Version 1.0 WAP v1.1 1999 6 30 1999 9 WAP
v1.2 WAP WAP Forum

WAP 1999 8 2000 4 WAP


Forum
1998 9 WAP Forum
Chuck Parrish Phone.com WAP forum
1999 7 Mr. Parrish

WAP Forum 2000 7 500

WAP
WAP

Intranet

20 90

20 90
WAP WAP

Strategies Group 2001


5.3 2005 10
6500 1.35 2
2005 120


WAP SMS

WAP
SMS

WAP

2
100
6500

2
WAP SMS

ICP

Tellme BeVocal Quack AudioPoint

AOL

2000 3 31 quack.com
2000 4 10 tellme.com
2000 5 22 AT&T tellme.com 6000

2000 8 31 AOL
quack.com
2000 9 13 Palm Speech Works
2001
anyday.com

2000 10 11 Yahoo

2000 10 12 Lycos

2000 11 24 tom.com
10

VXML Voice
eXtensible Mark-up Language
AT&T IBM
IBM

HTML
HTML

1999 GDP 3.4


GDP 10

GDP
20
1
2001 7 29 30

20
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GDP
GDP

WTO DWDM

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1997
2001