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aircraft symmetrical loads

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LOADS

By:

P. SHENBAGAVALLI

14202003

M TECH AERO

HINDUSTAN UNIVERSITY

AIRCRAFT SYMMETRIC

LOADS

member

on

which

loads

act

perpendicular to the longitudinal

axis.

of beams

significantly greater then

The length of the member is

We are away from the regions of stress concentration.

The variation of external loads or changes in the

cross-sectional areas are gradual except in regions of

stress concentration.

The cross-section has a plane of symmetry.

The loads are in the plane of symmetry.

The load direction does not change with deformation.

The external loads are not functions of time.

ASSUMPTION

Assumption 1: Squashing, i.e., dimensional

changes in the y-direction, is signif- icantly

smaller than bending.

Assumption 2: Plane sections before deformation

remain plane after deforma-tion. U = uoyy

Assumption 3: Plane perpendicular to the beam

axis remain nearly perpendicu- lar after

deformation. gxy 0 .

Assumption 4: Strains are small.

tany y= dv dx

u = y{dv(x)dx}

y and has maximum value at either the top

or the bottom of the beam.

1/R= d v (x)/dx2 is the curvature of the

Deformed beam and R is the radius

of curvature of the deformed beam.

Assumption 5 : Material is isotropic.

Assumption 6 : Material is linearly elastic.

Assumption 7 : There are no inelastic

strains.

Neutral axis i.e, the origin, is at the centroid of

the cross-section con- structed from linearelastic, isotropic, homogenous material.

The axial problem and bending problem are

de-coupled if the origin is at the centroid for

linear-elastic, isotropic, homogenous material

bending normal stress sxx varies linearly with

y and is zero at the centroid.

bending normal stress sxx is maximum at a

point farthest from the neutral axis (centroid).

Internal shear force jumps by the value of the

external force as one crosses the external force from

left to right.

Internal bending moment jumps by the value of the

external moment as one crosses the external

moment from left to right.

Shear force & moment templates can be used to

determine the direction of the jump in V and Mz.

A template is a free body diagram of a small

segment of a beam created by making an imaginary

cut just before and just after the section where the a

point external force or moment is applied.

Symmetry

Symmetry in a structural system can be effectively

exploited for the purpose of analyzing structural systems.

Symmetry can be found in many real-life structural

systems (or, in the idealized model of a real-life structural

system). It is very important to remember that when we

say symmetry in a structural system, it implies the

existence of symmetry both in the structure itself

including the support conditions and also in the loading on

that structure. The systems shown in symmetric because,

for each individual case, the structure is symmetric and

the loading is symmetric as well. However, the systems

shown in are not symmetric because either the structure

or the loading is not symmetric.

symmetric about point C. The deformed

shape of the structure will be symmetric

as well. So, if we solve for the forces and

deformations in part AC of the beam, we

do not need to solve for part CB

separately.

To elaborate on this fact, we need to look at

the deformation condition at the point/line

of symmetry (or antisymmetry) in a system.

For a symmetric structure: slope at the

point/line of symmetry is zero.

For an antisymmetric structure: deflection

at the point/line of symmetry is zero.

THANK YOU

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