American Football

Goal: Win the Game
• Time for Game - 4 Quarters, Half Time Show • 2 Teams, 11 people per Team • Offense - has the ball • Defense - stops Offense, tries to steal ball • The Field - 100 Yards, 50 Yard Line + • Goal is to Advance the Ball, to Score Points

The Field
• Ten, 10-Yard Segments • Two “end zones” Yard line END ZONE END ZONE

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Side line

Goal line

Scoring Points
• Touchdown - 6 points • Extra Point: try for 1 or 2 more points after scoring a touch down • Field Goal - 3 points any time by kicking the ball through the uprights • Safety - 2 points for tackling the offensive player in his own end zone

Scoring - What Happened?
• Red Team vs. White Team • 1st Quarter: Red 0 White 0 7 7 • 2nd Quarter: 14 7 17 7 • 3rd Quarter: 17 10 • 4th Quarter 17 16 17 19 WIN!

The Game
• Starts - Kickoff (coin toss) • Offense can move the ball ahead by
– Running the ball – advance or loss – Passing the ball – complete or incomplete – Kicking the ball – hands over control

• • • •

4 downs to move the ball 10 yards Line of Scrimmage Making a First Down, Not Making It “First and 10, Do It Again”

Typical Sequence of Plays
• Red team kicks off to White, fielded on 5 yard line, run to 15, tackled • 1st and 10 White (needs to get to 25 yard line) • 1st down: run, gain of 4, ball at 19, 2nd and 6 • 2nd down: pass incomplete • 3rd down: pass complete for 12 yards, 1st down on the 31 • 1st down: run for 13, another 1st down on 44

Typical Sequence of Plays
• • • • • • • • • 1st down on 44: run for no gain 2nd down: incomplete pass 3rd down: incomplete pass 4th down: punt to 15, runback to 20, Red ball 1st down: pass for 15 yards, on 35 1st down: run for 28 yards, on 37 1st down: run, loss of 3, 2nd and 13 2nd down: pass - touchdown! Extra Point: successful kick, 7-0

Unusual Events
• Fumble - the offensive ball carrier drops the ball; either team can recover it. If defense recovers, then they become the offense. • Interception - the defense catches a pass intended for an offensive player • Sack - the quarterback is tackled behind the line of scrimmage for a loss of yards

The Positions
• Offense
– – – – Center/Hiker, Linemen Quarterback, Running Backs Receivers, Punter, Kicker

• Defense
– Linemen, – Linebackers, – Safeties

Playing the Game
• Offensive Team huddles, Quarterback calls a play
– Run play - to the right or left, says which running back he will give the ball to – Pass play - which receiver will receive a pass – Blockers – job is to prevent the other team from coming close to the quarterback or ball carrier

• “Touch” vs. “Tackle” - we will play Touch • “3 second rush rule” - you must count, wait

Penalties
• Offsides - you must be on your side of the imaginary line between the teams • Holding - offensive players cannot grab and hold the defensive players • Interference - defensive players cannot interfere with the offense receivers before the ball is thrown

Let’s Play !
• • • • Choose two teams Pick a quarterback (or rotate) Coaches will help you pick plays Referee will make sure you play fair

American Football Advanced

Defense
• Man To Man
– Each person chooses to “defend” someone on the other team. – Goal is to prevent your man from receiving the ball. – If they have the ball, you have to stop them from moving down the field by tackling (touching) them – If they don’t have the ball, you can not stop them from moving.

• Zone
– Each person covers an area of the field. – Example: 2 Line + 3 Backfield

Offense
• Passing - Option A
– Down & Out Run 10 yards, turn toward sideline – Down & In Run 10 yards, turn toward center of field.

– Hook Run 15 yards, turn around quickly and catch ball. – Hook & Go Run 15 yards, turn around, turn around, run!!!

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END ZONE

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Offense
• Passing - Option B
– Post Run straight 10 yards, then diagonally toward the Goal

– Flag Run straight 10 yards, then diagonally toward sideline

END ZONE

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Offense
• Passing - Option C
– Diagonal - Run 45 Degrees, look for pass

– Deep - Run all the way out, look for the pass

END ZONE

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