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# K.1.

PENDAHULUAN
Aplikasi Aerodinamis dalam
bidang engineering, antara lain
Tower, Cerobong, Struktur
penyangga anjungan lepas
pantai & Pelabuhan, Kapal Laut
Gandeng (Kapal Tongkang),
Kereta Api &Truk Gandeng,
Bangunan Bertingkat, Dsb.
Bila fluida mengalir melalui
suatu benda, maka akan
kehilangan energi, yang
disebabkan :
a. Pemisahan aliran (separasi
aliran),
karena faktor bentuk
benda.
b. Gaya tahanan karena
gesekan dan
tekanan.

## Fluid dynamics is the key to our understanding of some

of the most important phenomena in our physical world:
ocean currents and weather systems.

Aircraft

Vehicles

High-speed rail

Surface ships

Submarines

Water sports

Cycling

Auto
racing

Offshore racing

Surfing

## One-, Two-, and Three-Dimensional

Flows
A flow field is best characterized by its

velocity distribution.
A flow is said to be one-, two-, or
three-dimensional if the flow velocity
varies in one, two, or three
dimensions, respectively.
However, the variation of velocity in
certain directions can be small
relative to the variation in other
directions and can be ignored.

## Flow over a car antenna is

approximately twodimensional except near the
top and bottom of the
antenna.

## The development of the velocity profile in a circular pipe. V = V(r, z)

and thus the flow is two-dimensional in the entrance region, and
becomes one-dimensional downstream when the velocity profile fully
develops and remains unchanged in the flow direction, V = V(r).

## A fluid moving relative to a body exerts a drag force

on the body, partly because of friction caused by

## The Wright brothers take flight at

Kitty Hawk.
The Oklahoma Wind Power
Center
near
Woodward
consists of 68 turbines,
1.5 MW each.

Applications of EFD
(contd)

## ASA's cryogenic wind tunnel simulates flight

onditions for scale models--a critical tool in
esigning airplanes.
Application in teaching
57:020 Fluid Mechanics

## 1. Scales: model, and full-scale

2. Selection of the model scale: governed by dimensional
analysis
and similarity

## 57:020 Fluid Mechanics

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Commercial software

CFD software
1. FLUENT: http://www.fluent.com
2. FLOWLAB:
http://www.flowlab.fluent.com
3. CFDRC: http://www.cfdrc.com
5. CFX/AEA:
http://www.software.aeat.com/cfx

## Grid Generation software

1. Gridgen: http://www.pointwise.com
2. GridPro: http://www.gridpro.com

Visualization software
1. Tecplot: http://www.amtec.com
2. Fieldview: http://www.ilight.com

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## Hands-on experience using CFD Educational

Interface (airfoil template)

## 57:020 Fluid Mechanics

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Fig. 7.1 Comparison of flow past a sharp flat plate at low and
high Reynolds numbers:

Fig. 7.2
Illustration of the
strong
interaction
between viscous
and inviscid
regions in the
rear of bluntbody
flow: (a) idealized
and definitely
false picture of
blunt-body flow;
(b) actual
picture of
bluntbody flow.