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# Basic Oilfield Calculations

AREA

Width

Length

Diameter

## Area of a Rectangle = Length x Width

Area of a Circle = r2
=xrxr
= x D/2 x D/2
= D2/4
= 0.7854 x D2
= 0.7854 D2

## The Cross-Sectional area is the

difference in area between the larger
circle and the smaller circle.

## I.E. X-Section Area = (D2 x

0.7854) (d2 x 0.7854)
As 0.7854 is common to both
sets of brackets we can
simplify this equation.
X-Section Area = 0.7854 x (D2
d2 )

## Tubing & Casing are classified according to 4

criteria.

OD (inches or millimetres)
Weight (per foot in air)
Grade ( A letter followed by a number e.g. N-80)

## The grade tells you the strength of the material.

E.G. N-80 means the yield strength of the steel is 80,000 psi.
P-110 means the yield strength of the steel is 110,000 psi.

## Grade & Yield Strength of Steel

The Grade of the steel refers to the yield of the steel in Lbs/sq in.

## We can use this in conjunction with the X-Sectional Area to

work out the joint yield strength of the tubing or casing.

Example:- Red Book Section 200, page 10. 3 1/2 N-80 10.3#
Tubing.

## OD = 3.5, ID = 2.922 Grade = 80000psi.

Pipe yield = 0.7854 (3.502 2.9222) x 80,000 psi

= 233,227lbs.
233,000lbs

Volume

Width x Height

H
W
L

## Volume of a Cylinder = X-Sectional Area x Height

= 0.7854 x D2 x Height

Volume

## Tubing, Casing & The Red Book

H/L

Feet

Diameter in inches
Height/Length in Feet
Volume in Barrels
From Red Book Section 210 Capacity

## Internal Use Only

Pressure
Hydrostatic Pressure
The Pressure Due to the Height of a Column of Fluid.
The only Two things that effect Hydrostatic pressure is
the height (TVH) & the Density of the Fluid Column.

## Internal Use Only

Pressure
Hydrostatic Pressure
The Pressure Due to the Height of a Column of Fluid.
The only Two things that effect Hydrostatic pressure
are the (TVH) & the Density of the Fluid Column.
Depth is measured in Feet & Density is measured in
Lbs/Gallon or ppg.
We need to be able to Convert the Density to a
We do this by dividing the fluid density (ppg) by
19.25
The Gradient of a Fluid is the weight of a 1 Foot High 1
square column of the Fluid.

## Internal Use Only

Pressure

tube (closed on
bottom and open on
top)
231 in.

## Fill with one gallon of

fluid
Height of fluid
measures 231 inches

10

Pressure

231 in.

## To solve for the hydrostatic

density fluid: Fluid density
(ppg) 19.25 in/ft
Example: 10 ppg 19.25 in/ft =
0.5194805 psi/ft hydrostatic

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Specific Gravity

Pressure

## Fresh water has been assigned the Specific Gravity of 1.

Specific Gravity is a dimensionless figure! It is actually a
ratio.
Any thing heavier than fresh water will have a Specific
Gravity greater than 1.
Anything lighter than water will have a Specific gravity less
than 1.
This ratio helps us when we are working out hydrostatic
pressures.
E.G.: If the fluid has a S.G. of 0.85, then its gradient will be
0.85 of the gradient of fresh water.
I.E.: 0.433 psi/ft x 0.85 = 0.368 psi/ft.

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API Gravity

Pressure

## Fresh water has been assigned the oAPI (American

Petroleum Institute) Gravity of 10.
When measured on their scale it gave a reading of 141.5.
We have to use the following equation to convert oAPI
Gravity to a Specific Gravity

## ___141.5__ = Specific Gravity

131.5 + oAPI
E.G.: API Gravity = 38o
Specific Gravity = 141.5
131.5 + 38

= _141.5
= 0.835
169.5

## Internal Use Only

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Types of Pressure

Pressure

14

## Hydrostatic Pressure ? Pressure created by the weight of a column of fluid.

Applied Pressure ?

## The Pressure applied to a system with

a pump or by the Formation.
Felt equally throughout a closed liquid
system.

Total Pressure ?

## Pressure & Force

Force = Pressure x Area

Force
Pressure

Area

Pressure = Force/Area

## Internal Use Only

Area = Force/Pressure

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## Gas is Compressible so its gradient will change according to

depth and the Gravity of the gas concerned.
To make life easier for us Non Mathematicians, we use a
correction Factor Chart when working out pressure at depth.