Writing Critical Literature Review

Dr. Muhammad Kamarul Kabilan School of Educational Studies Universiti Sains Malaysia

Critical Literature Review (CLR)
• • • • An essential and complex process Determines the thoroughness of thesis A reflection of Chapter One (1) A nexus for Chapters Three (3), Four (4) and Five (5) • Way we choose, write and present: sentences, paragraphs, arguments, ideas/contents, tables/charts/figures, citation/quotes and references.

A lame literature review direction that indicates a COMMON AND LACKLUSTURE research ideas

“Bulls Eye” New Variables Uncharted, Unexplored Territories

A critical literature review indicates an INNOVATIVE AND INTERESTING exploration of research ideas

Literature Review’s Indication of Direction of Research

What can a critical literature review tell you?
Moving towards a more fresh and innovative research

Management style and effective schools Management style and effective school for the blind ICT management style in effective school for the blind

Guidelines to CLR
• Systematic collocation and recording of references • Design a framework for Literature Review – based on objectives and research questions (important variables) • NOT SUMMARIZING ONLY!

1. Summarize relevant research,

2. Evaluate research, 3. Establish relationships between different work/research, 4. Show connections between the research and your work 5. Select parts of research – methodology & findings (compare and contrast with your own work, make connections to your own work)

• Work around objectives and ideas / methodology / findings of the research reviewed • Connect them to your own work