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NR 33 – 8H

Luciana Suman Jardim
24/05/2014

NR 33 - BASICS FOR WORK IN
CONFINED SPACES
This Standard aims to establish minimum
requirements for identification and recognition of
confined spaces, evaluation, monitoring and
control of risks, in order to permanently guarantee
the safety and health of workers who interact
directly or indirectly in such spaces.

Why studies that?

STATISTICAL
According to OSHA:

 Of the deaths in Confined Spaces:
 60% atmospheric hazards;
(Of these 40% - O2 deficiency)
 30% for lack of knowledge;
 10% for other reasons;
In Brazil:
 60% of deaths are due to lack of knowledge;

item 33. which has limited means of entry and exit.2.1. . states that: Confined Space is any area or environment not designed for continuous human occupancy.The legal definition expressed in NR33. which is insufficient ventilation to remove contaminants or where there might be a deficiency or oxygen enrichment.

. vats. Confined spaces include but are not limited to storage tanks. such as tanks and silos. silos. boilers. unfavorable natural ventilation which could contain or produce contaminants of air can contain products that may involve or suffocate anyone in this environment. tunnels. cylinders. pumps. process vessels. pipelines generally galleries sewers. wells. reactors.The legal definition refers to a space with dimensions and limited openings for entry and exit. pits. and that which is not recommended for continuous occupation of people. storage.

However. transporting and / or process which is closed. cleaning or are inhabited by accident. . The confined space is identified by the existence of one of the conditions listed below:  Existence of little room for input and output of the environment.  No ventilation or poor ventilation. repair. occasionally these spaces must be occupied to perform maintenance.It is understood as inappropriate environment for human occupancy any space that was designed for storing.

WHAT IS VENTILATION? .

especially in environments that are used to store chemicals and in particular. these environments can trap dangerous gases and harmful to human life. organic chemicals.Usually confined spaces are poorly ventilated due to its allocation of project. ie the atmosphere or inside a confined space is distinct from the outside atmosphere. . such as H2S (hydrogen sulfide). organics decompose and can often deteriorate in the form of dangerous products. For this reason.

Confined spaces do not possess or produce toxic substances may not have enough concentration of oxygen to support human life. Another danger of confined spaces is the ability to retain that flammable mixtures depending on concentration and temperature conditions of ignition can be detonated .

C L V Q LT  T Where Q .Time required to obtain the necessary dilution (h). CL .Volume of a confined space (m3).Limit of tolerance of toxic or dangerous. T . V . LT .Flow of required equipment (m3 / h).Concentration of toxic substance and / or dangerous in a confined atmosphere. .

Signs warning not to use O2 as a unique element to ventilate environment (Fundacentro. 2006) .

irritation or other conditions that may prevent the exit of a confined space. .CONDITION IMMEDIATELY DANGEROUS TO LIFE OR HEALTH (IDLH): Any condition that puts an immediate risk of death or which may result in irreversible health effects immediately or severe or which may result in eye damage.

c) maintain permanent signage at the entrance of the confined space in accordance with Annex I to this rule.3: a) maintain updated records of all confined spaces. including the disabled. signal. b) develop measures to isolate. the standard announced in his item 33.3. and their risks. control or eliminate hazards in the confined space. .ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES The NR 33 establishes the need to propose administrative measures for implementation of services in confined spaces. Among these.

e) adapt the model input and Work Permit provided for in Annex II of NR.d) Implement procedures for working in confined space. h) to deliver one of the workers and allowed to Watcher copy of Entry Permit and Work. f) complete. the peculiarities of the company and its confined spaces. . in triplicate. g) having a control system that allows the tracking of Entry Permit and Work. and the Entry Work Permit before the entrance of workers in confined spaces. sign and date.

i) close the Permission Entry Work and when operations are completed when an unforeseen condition or when a break or interruption of work. j) maintaining the stored procedures and entry permits and work for five years. identify the duties of each employee and providing the training required . l) designate the persons who will participate in entry operations. k) provide the procedures and Entry Permit and Work for the attention of employees authorized representatives and inspection of work.

m) establish procedures for the supervision of the work abroad and within confined spaces. considering the location. n) ensure that access to the confined space only be initiated with monitoring and supervision of qualified approval o) ensure that all employees are informed of the risks and control measures at the place of employment. p) to implement a Respiratory Protection Program in accordance with risk analysis. complexity and .

explosion and poisoning. Ban on use of oxygen for ventilation of a confined • Effective local exhaust ventilation to make the extraction of contaminants and general ventilation that runs the air .PLANNING OF WORK IN CONFINED SPACES Before starting work in a confined area is necessary to make a preliminary inspection of the site and must necessarily take steps to: • Continuous Monitoring of substance that causes asphyxiation.

The shutdown of equipment must be guaranteed by a reliable procedure for the blocking. • Equipment that may generate some risk must be disabled.PLANNING OF WORK IN CONFINED SPACES • Choice of appropriate PPE for protection chemicals. • Signaling with information clearly and permanently during the performance of work within confined spaces. .

Annex 1 NR 33 provides for the following signs: SIGNS OF . It is important that confined spaces are identified to monitor and prevent unauthorized access to confined spaces. • By identifying the confined space is necessary to check if the entry does not require special measures to control risks.IDENTIFICATION AND CONFINED SPACE • Confined spaces generally in business are identified and registered and should be flagged.

Signs indicating the required PPE for the area . bio safety and risk of explosion or infected material. radiation.ADDITIONAL SIGNS Electricity.

• Escape Route need to be bellow. .Attention • Confined spaces must display an identification sign with a distinct space. more near of the floor. numbering or lettering the name of the tank or vessel.

ENTRY PERMIT AND WORK IN CONFINED SPACES – PET • In confined areas considered as the entry of persons is allowed only after release by means of permission to work (EN). . which is a written document containing a set of measures aimed at controlling the entry and development of safe work. and emergency measures and rescue in confined spaces. • The NR33 calls this document as ENTRY PERMIT AND WORK IN CONFINED SPACE.

NR-33.The entry permit is only valid for one entry.NOTE .3.1 .3.

A permission to entry and work shall have at least the following items:  Identify the persons authorized to enter the confined space. Inform the commencement date of service.  Establish the conditions for entry.  Reason for entry into the confined space. .  Inform the length of services.

PPE and rescue equipment. Responsible for evaluation and other atmospheric conditions.  Communication equipment. .  Determine whether there is need for periodic measurements of atmospheric conditions in the case of long term service.

Furthermore. .Besides the performers permission to work in confined spaces of the services should be trained to respond to the peculiarities of working in confined space. there should be if necessary for the systematic verification of the conditions of ventilation of the place where the service will be held in order to monitor and verify the conditions of human occupation in that environment and whether or not to use equipment to develop specific tasks ass As is shown in the picture below.

oxygen content (O2). must be provided ventilation or exhaust systems. presence of organic vapors and flammable or hazardous quantities are prohibitive. presence and amount of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). . for example. and asphyxiating substances.Can be monitored. If there is a need. carbon monoxide (CO).

MODEL OF PET .

RESCUE / RESCUE IN CONFINED SPACE • Standard operating procedure. performed by staff with specialized technical expertise to rescue and provide first aid to workers in case of emergency. .

After a period of four minutes without oxygen. because that serves all these resources if there is no qualified staff to run the rescue.• The time for rescue in confined space is extremely limited. We stress the importance of training of personnel involved in the work. . most likely the worker is choking and can cause injury or death to celebrate. • Due to the need to provide first aid to workers in confined spaces is important to have all the resources necessary to provide relief.

LEGAL OBLIGATIONS • The NR 33 establishes and defines the responsibilities of both employer and employee over the confined space. .

3. d) implementing management safety and health at work in confined spaces. c) identify the specific risks in the confined space. administrative. .2. for technical preventive measures.1 include: a) formally indicate the person responsible for technical compliance with this standard. personal and emergency and rescue services to ensure permanently environments with adequate working conditions.OBLIGATIONS OF EMPLOYER Among the legal obligations provided for employers item 33. b) identify the confined spaces at that facility.

as the model in Annex II of NR. g) to provide contractors information on risks in areas where they develop their activities and require the training of their employees.e) ensuring the continued training of workers about the risks. emergency and rescue in confined spaces. f) ensure that access to the confined space only occurs after the issue in writing to the Permission Entry and Labor. . control measures.

• j) Ensure updated information about risks and control measures before each access to confined spaces .• h) monitor the implementation of security measures and health of employees of contractors providing the means and conditions for them to act in accordance with this NR. • i) stop any kind of work in case of suspicion of the condition of serious and imminent risk. proceeding to the immediate abandonment of the site.