TIME

MANAGEMENT

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TASK 1
What are the reasons for poor time management?

What are the advantages of good time management?

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REASONS FOR POOR TIME MANAGEMENT

 Lack of clarity about task  Feeling overwhelmed  Fallacious beliefs ( ‘I’m too smart “)  Thinking, “ its too hard”

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ADVANTAGES OF GOOD TIME MANAGEMENT

 It saves time  Increased effectiveness and efficiency  Prevents stress and anxiety  Reduces avoidance  Leads to more balance

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TASK 2
 LIST ALL THE ACTIVITIES THAT YOU DO IN A DAY.
IN A WEEK ( DO NOT REPEAT THE ACTIVITIES THAT ARE MENIONED IN THE DAY

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OBJECTIVES
 I will learn techniques that will help me to direct my work life instead of merely managing my time.

 I will learn a framework for developing a mission and vision that gives purpose and direction to my work.

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 I will learn how to prioritize my highest-leveraged activities, leading to significant increases in productivity.

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STORY • Every morning in Africa a deer wakes up. It knows that it must run faster than the fastest lion. Otherwise it will be killed. • Every morning in Africa the lion wakes up. It knows that it must run faster than the slowest deer. Otherwise it will starve. • It does not matter if you are deer or lion but when the sun rises it is time to run.
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THE COMPLETE SIX-STEP PROCESS Connect to mission Review roles Identify goals Organize weekly Exercise integrity Evaluate
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THE CLOCK AND THE COMPASS
THE CLOCK commitments appointments schedules goals activities What we do and how we manage our time. THE COMPASS vision values principles conscience Direction What we feel is important and how we lead our lives.
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TRADITIONAL TIME MANAGEMENT

 First generation—notes and checklists  Second generation—planning and preparation  Third generation—planning, prioritizing and controlling

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FIRST GENERATION
GO WITH THE FLOW  based on reminders  attempt to keep track of things you do with your time  simple notes and checklists  carry lists with you and refer to them in order to remember  incomplete tasks put on tomorrow’s list

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FIRST GENERATION
Strengths
 flexible  responsive to people  not over-structured  less stress  tracks to-do’s

Weaknesses
 no real structure  things fall through cracks  commitments suffer  little accomplished  crisis to crisis  first things— things right in front of you

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SECOND GENERATION
Planning and Preparation  Calendars and appointment books  Efficiency in goal setting and planning ahead  Make appointments, write down commitments, identify deadlines  May keep information on computer or network

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SECOND GENERATION
Strengths
 tracks commitments and appointments  more accomplished through planning and goal setting  more effective meetings and presentations due to preparation

Weaknesses
 puts schedule over people  accomplish more of what you want—not necessarily what is needed or fulfilling  independent thinking — see people as means or barriers  first things– those that are on the schedule
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THIRD GENERATION

Planning, Prioritizing and Controlling
 have spent time clarifying values and priorities  set long, medium, and short-term goals to attain values, prioritizes on a daily basis  uses wide variety of planners and organizers, with detailed forms for daily planning  gets more done in less time-- but still feels frustrated
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THIRD GENERATION
Strengths
 assumes responsibility for results  connects with values  taps into the power of long, medium, and shortterm goals  translates values into goals and actions  gives structure and order to life

Weaknesses
 can lead to false sense of control, pride  power of vision untapped  can lead to guilt, imbalance of roles  less flexibility/spontaneity  first things set by urgency and values

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FOURTH GENERATION
LIFE LEADERSHIP  Puts people ahead of schedules, compasses ahead of clocks  Uses the best of generations 1, 2, and 3 You want to lead a life of meaning and contribution, with balance

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FOURTH GENERATION
Elements
Why is there a need for the fourth generation of time management?

 effectiveness  principles  leadership  relationships  puts first things first

Well, one definition of insanity is to “keep doing the same things and expecting different results.”

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UNDERSTANDING TIME

“A no uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a yes merely uttered to please, or what is worse, to avoid trouble.”

Mahatma Gandhi

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TASK 3
IDENTIFY YOUR “MACRO” STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESS
 Analyze when you work best ( morning, evening, night etc.)  Analyze where you work best ( room, office, home, canteen )  Analyze how you work best. ( one hour, 10 min, etc )

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UNDERSTANDING TIME

“Why have a time log?

Memory

Energy
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UNDERSTANDING TIME

Urgent I. II. important not important

Not Urgent

Quadrant of__________

Quadrant of__________

III.

IV.

Quadrant of__________

Quadrant of__________

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UNDERSTANDING TIME
Move into quadrant II
 quadrant I—manage: the quadrant of necessity; things are both urgent and important

 quadrant II—leadership and quality: the quadrant of focus; things are important but not urgent

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UNDERSTANDING TIME
Move into quadrant II
 quadrant III—(AVOID): the quadrant of deception; things are urgent but not important

 quadrant IV—(AVOID): the quadrant of waste; things are neither important nor urgent

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TASK 5.
• • • • • • • Each group makes a list of items that are “important and urgent” Each group’ team leader selects an item that will represent that team ( to be written on the flip chart ). Each team selects a member who forms a committee. The committee will recommend whether the Q1 items will stay in Q1 or can be pushed to Q2. The rest of the groups will now be converted into two groups. One to ensure that the issues stay in Q1. The other group to make sure that it leaves Q1. The committee leader argues on each point in the flip chart and the two groups depending on the outcome oppose or support him. 10 min is given for each argument and the presenter decides the outcome.

The game will prove that we consider all activities as important and urgent and in reality it is not.

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UNDERSTANDING TIME
THERE WILL BE NEVER ENOGH TIME TO GET EVERYTHING DONE BUT THERE WILL ALWAYS BE ENOUGH TIME TO GET THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS DONE

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MOVE INTO QUADRANT II
How do I get there? The six step process
connect to mission review roles identify goals organize weekly exercise integrity evaluate
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STEP 1: CONNECT WITH VISION & MISSION Consider the big picture. The key to this connection lies in the clarity of your vision around such questions as:  What is most important?  What gives your life meaning?  What do you want to be and do in your life?

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STEP 2: IDENTIFY YOUR ROLES

 We have important roles at work, in the family, in the community, or other areas of our lives

 Roles represent responsibilities, relationships, and areas of contribution

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STEP 3: SELECT QUAD II GOALS FOR EACH ROLE

 What is the most important thing I could do for each role this week that would have the greatest positive impact?  Consider the relationships for each role  Review a “perhaps” list for ideas  Identify the steps that need to be taken to achieve long-term goals

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STEP 3 (cont ): TO-DO LISTS
 List your activities for the day  Prioritize those activities  Check for activities that you can accomplish at the same time  Break larger activities into smaller ones.  Include your to – do lists into smaller ones  Include your to-do list in your daily schedule
The to-do list will help you clarify what you need to accomplish each day. They also help you to accomplish it
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STEP 4: ORGANIZE WEEKLY
 translating high leverage quad II goals requires a framework  most people are always trying to find time in their overflowing quad I/III schedules  They move, delegate, cancel, and postpone—all in hopes of “putting first things first”

The key is in scheduling your priorities, not prioritizing your schedule

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TIPS TO START YOUR DAY
Tip # 1
Preview your schedule—get your bearings:
Review your compass Look at the day in the context of the week Renew your power to respond to changes in a meaningful way

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TASK 5 -ACTIVITY SCHEDULER

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TASK 6 - ACTIVITY SCHEDULER

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TIPS TO START YOUR DAY
Tip # 2
Prioritize: identify activities as QI or QII—keeps QIII and IV out of your schedule
emphasizes the importance paradigm keeps you aware of choices you make

Must understand that prioritization includes only items that you’ve put in the framework
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TIPS TO START YOUR DAY
Tip # 3
Planning: time sensitive activities on the right, any time activities on the left
makes for effective schedule decisions Helps you remain sensitive to commitments

Best use of your time: remember importance rather than urgency!
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STEP 5: EXERCISE INTEGRITY IN THE MOMENT

Should I carry out my plan or make conscience directed changes?

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STEP 6: EVALUATE
To be successful, you must make successes of one week the foundation for the next. At the end of the week, ask yourself some questions:  What goals did I achieve?  What challenges did I encounter?  What decisions did I make?  Did I keep “first things first?”

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STEP 6: EVALUATE
Different ways to evaluate
 Mark accomplished goals on weekly compass  Keep a journal or daily log and review  Review past weekly compasses  Ask specific questions about your performance and actions

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STEP 6: EVALUATE
Weekly Evaluation
 What did I learn from the week as a whole?  Am I setting goals that are realistic but challenging?  Have I been effective in work related communications?  Have I been successful in maintaining a Quad II perspective?

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CLOSING THOUGHT

A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step. Lao-Tzu

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CREDITS

3. MEGAN POORE – ACADEMIC SKILLS AND LEARNING CENTRE 4. DAMONE – SLIDESHARE.NET

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