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NOER ABYOR HANDAYANI

082138252233,
noe_boo@yahoo.com

introducing

ENGLISH

(2nd meeting)

Skill 3 :

Skill 3 :

Present Participle
A present participle is an adjective when it is not
accompanied by some form of the verb be
Example :
The train is arriving at the station now
In this sentence, arriving is part of the verb because it is
accompanied by some form of be.
The train arriving at the station now

is an hour late

In this sentence, arriving is an adjective and not part of the verb


because it is not accompanied by some form of be.

Skill 3 :

Exercise
Indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or
incorrect (I)
1. The ship is sailing to Mexico is leaving tonight.
2. For her birthday, the child is getting a talking doll
3. The waitress bringing the steaming soup to the
waiting dinners
4. The boring class just ending a few minutes ago
5. The fast moving clouds are bringing freezing rain to
the area
6. The clothes are lying on the floor should go into the
washing machine

Skill 4 :

Past Participle
A past participle is an adjective when it is not
accompanied by some form of be or has/have
Example :
The classes

were taught

by Professor Smith

In this sentence, taught is part of the verb because it is


accompanied by some form of were.
The classses
interesting

taught by Professor Smith

were very

In this sentence, taught is an adjective and not part of the verb


because it is not accompanied by some form of be or have.

Skill 4 :

Exercise
Indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or
incorrect (I)
1. The unexpected guests arrived just at dinnertime
2. The food is served in this restaurant is delicious
3. The locked drawer contained the unworn jewels
4. The tree was blown over in the storm was cut into
logs
5. The courses are listed in the catalogue are required
courses
6. The excited children trying to build a snowman in
the falling snow.

Skill (3 4) :

Exercise
1. Plutos moon Charon --------- in a slightly elliptical
path around the planet
a. Moving
b. Is moving
c. it was movingd. In its movement
2. Simple sails were made from canvas ---- over a
frame
a. A strech
b. Stretched
c. was stretched
d. It was stretched
3. The pituitary gland, ----- the brain, releases
hormones to control other glands
a. Found below
b. It is found below
c. its foundation below d. Finds itself below

Skill 5 :

Agreement after prepositional phrases


If the subject of a sentence is singular, then the verb must be
singular
- If the subject of a sentence is plural, then the verb must be
plural :
Example
-

Skill 5 :

Exercise
Indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or
incorrect
(I) of the lectures was quite interesting
1. The subject
2. The food for the guests at the party are on the long
tables
3. The waiters and waitresses in this restaurant always
serves the food efficiently
4. The rugs in the front rooms of the house are going to
be washed today
5. The waiters and waitresses in this restaurant always
serves the food efficiently

Skill 6 :

Agreement after expressions of quantity


The subject can be singular or plural, depending on what follows
the preposition of
The subjects :
All, most, some, half, part, most, etc
Example :
Most of the meal was delicious
Most of the meals were delicious
Most of the food was delicious

Skill 6 :

Exercise
Indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or
incorrect (I)
1. Some of the fruit are rotten
2. All of the details in the report needs to be checked
3. The first half of the class consists of lecture and note
taking
4. Most of the people in the room is paying attention
5. Some of the questions on the test was impossible to
answer

AGREEMENT
AFTER
CERTAIN
WORDS

Skill 7 :

Agreement after certain words


Certain words in English are always grammatically singullar,
even though they might have plural meanings

Example :
Everybody in the theater are* watching
the film attentively

Skill 7 :

Exercise
Indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or
incorrect (I)
1. Someone have to clean up the house
2. You should understand that anything is possible
3. Nobody in this class have completed the assigment
on time
4. Everybody know the rules, but somebody is not
following them
5. No one here is afraid of skydiving
6. Anybody are welcome at the party

Skill (5 7)

Exercise
Choose the letter of the underlined word or
group of words that is not correct
1. Nobody know (A) when the process (B) of glassmaking was (C) invented (D)
2. Sugars like (A) glucose is (B) made (C) up of (D)
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
3. Part of the electricity used (A) in the United State
today (B) come (C) from hydroelectric sources (D)
4. All of the east-west interstate highways in the
United State has (A) even numbers (B), while nortsouth interstate highways are (C) odd-numbered (D)

Skill (1 7)

Exercise
1. ---- the earliest system of writing.
a. The constitution of pictograms
b. Pictograms in the constitution
c. Constitute the pictograms
d. Pictogram constitute
2. At temperatures ----- absolute zero, substances
possess minimal energy.
a. Approach
c. approaching

b. approaches
d. They approach

Skill (1 7)

Exercise
3. The Earths one year revolution around the Sun
changes how --- on one hemisphere or the other.
a. Falling sunlight

b. The fall of sunlight

c. sunlight in the fall

d. Sunlight falls

4. Though sporadic interest in regional dialects ------for centuries, the first large-scale systematic studies
did not take place until the nineteenth century.
a. Has existed

b. it existed

c. has it existed

d. Existing with it

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