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Walk-Through of the K-12

Science Curriculum
Grade 10 Earth and Space
Rovel R. Salcedo
Merly A. Razon
Cherry Ann D. Into

Norman S. Valeroso
Herma D. Acosta
& Eligio C. Obille Jr.

Overview
Grade 6

Grade 7

Earthquak
es &
volcanic
eruptions

The
Philippine
Environme
nt
Interaction
s in the
atmospher
e

Weather
patterns
Motions
of the
Earth;
The solar
system

Grade 8
Earthquake
s & faults

Grade 9

Grade
10

Volcanoes

Plate
tectoni
cs

Understandi
ng
Climate
typhoons

Other
Seasons & members of Constellati
eclipses
the Solar
ons
System
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Geology Overview
Grade 3
Describe what makes
up the environment
in the community.
Different landforms
Bodies of water

Grade 7
Focus on the
environment of the
Philippines as a
whole.

Grade 4
Grade 5
Focus on two components of
The environment does not
the environment: soil & water. stay the same forever. The
surface of the Earth
Classify soils using simple
changes with the passage
criteria.
of time.
Identify the different sources of
Rocks undergo weathering,
water in the community.
forming soil.
Infer importance of water in
Soil is carried away by
daily activities.
erosion.
Describe ways of using water
wisely.
Grade 8
Because it is located along
the Ring of Fire, the
Philippines is prone to
earthquakes.

Grade 9
Because it is located
along the Ring of Fire,
the Philippines is home
to many volcanoes.

Grade 6
Other processes that
change the surface of
the Earth: earthquakes &
volcanic eruptions.
Note: only the effects of
earthquakes and volcanic
eruptions are taken up in
this grade level, not the
causes (which will be
tackled in Grades 8 and 9).

Grade 10
Focus on plate tectonics,
a theory that explains
many geologic
processes, such as
volcanism,
The countrys location Using models, explain how
Using models, explain what
earthquakes, and
near the equator and quakes are generated by faults. happens when volcanoes
mountain building.
along the Ring of Fire Using PHIVOLCS maps, find out erupt.
influences what
Discover that volcanoes,
if there are active faults in the Describe the different
makes up the
earthquake epicenters,
community.
types of volcanoes.
Philippine
and mountain ranges are
Differentiate
active
environment (e.g.,
not randomly scattered in
volcanoes
from
inactive
climate, natural
different places but are
ones.
resources).
located in the same areas.
Explain how energy from
Locate places using a

Overview
Unlike in previous grade levels,
there is only one strand in the
Earth and Space unit of Grade 10:
GEOLOGY.
Module 1: PLATE TECTONICS
Module 2: EARTHS INTERIOR

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Module 1: Plate Tectonics


Describe the distribution of
active volcanoes, earthquake
epicenters, and major
mountain belts.
Describe the different types
of plate boundaries.
Explain the different
processes that occur along
plate boundaries.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Module 2: Earths Interior


Describe
the
internal
structure of the Earth.
Describe the possible causes
of plate movement.
Enumerate
the
lines
of
evidence that support plate
movement.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activities in Module 1
Activity 1 Find the Center
Activity 2 Lets Mark the
Boundaries
Activity 3 Head-on Collision
Activity 4 Going Separate ways
Activity 5 Slide and Shake
Activity 6 Drop it Like its Hot
Spot
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activities in Module 2
Activity 1 Amazing Waves!
Activity 2 Our Dynamic Earth
Activity 3 Lets Fit It!
Activity 4 Drifted
Supercontinent!
Activity 5 Split and Separate!
Activity 6 How fast does it go!
Activity 7 Push me up and
aside!
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activities
1. Lets Mark the
Boundaries
2. Plate Boundary Model
3. Convection Currents
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 1: Lets Mark the


Boundaries
Materials
Figure 5 Map of Earthquake distribution
Figure 6 Map of Active Volcanoes of the
world.
Figure 7 Mountain ranges of the world
transparent plastic sheet used for book
cover, same size as a book page (2
sheets)
marking pens (two different colors).

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 1: Lets Mark the


Boundaries
1. Trace the locations of the
earthquake epicenters on a plastic
sheet using a marking pen.
2. On another plastic sheet, trace
the locations of volcanoes using
the other marking pen.
3. Place the earthquake plastic
sheet on top of the volcano plastic
sheet.
4. Place the two plastic sheets on
top of the map of mountain ranges.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 1: Lets Mark the


Boundaries
5. Study the map of plate
boundaries. What do you think
is the basis of scientists in
dividing the Earths lithosphere
into several plates?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Distribution of quakes
equal or greater than M5
(1980-1990)

Location of some of
Earths major volcanoes

Earths major mountain chains

Plate Boundaries

Activity 2: Plate Boundary


Model

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 2: Plate Boundary


Model

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 2: Plate Boundary


Model

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 3: Convection
Currents

Materials

300 mL cooking oil


powdered colored chalk
paper funnel
500 mL beaker
stirring rod
alcohol lamp
tripod
match

Procedure
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Activity 3: Convection
Currents

1. Describe step-by-step what


happens.
2. Use illustrations to record
what happened.
3. Give an explanation for your
observations.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Key Concepts

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Food for Thought


Try to learn something about
everything and everything about
something.
-Thomas Huxley

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION