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Security Level:

Introduction to NGN
Bearer Network
Central/Remote Office
Networking Solutions
ISSUE 3.0
www.huawei.com

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HUAWEI Confidential

Preface
This course provides an overview of the
networking solutions for Huawei NGN bearer
network (central office and remote office) by
focusing on the equipment selection and
networking configuration of the central office
networking. The central office is the core of the
NGN bearer network and has high security and
reliability
requirements
on
networking
structure. The networking structures involved
in this course are mature solutions that have
stood stringent selection and tests, and have
been put into application.
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Objective

To know the central office networking of


the NGN bearer network

To master the networking planning and


optimization methods for the central office
networking

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Segmented Structure of the NGN Bearer Network


Remote office
Edge devices
Gateway devices
Softswitch

NGN
backbone network

Access layer
User terminals

Access network
Edge device
Backbone layer
Enterprise

LAN
LAN
NGN core equipment
Central office

Roaming users

Basic structure:

The end-to-end security network is broken down to segment-to-segment


layers.

The entire network is segmented into the access layer, backbone network,
remote office and central office.

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Contents
Chapter 1 Networking Requirements of NGN on the
Backbone of the IP Bearer Network
Chapter 2 Features of IP Interfaces of the NGN
Equipment
Chapter 3 Central Office Networking
Chapter 4 Remote Office Networking
Chapter 5 O&M Charging Networking
Chapter 6 Monitoring Networking

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Dual-Plane Structure of the NGN IP Backbone


MCR

Active plane:
Enabling DiffServ
Enabling MPLS VPN

Internal plane connection

Access network

Standby plane:
Enabling DiffServ
Enabling MPLS VPN

BCR

Active interface
Standby interface

It is recommended that the backbone of the NGN IP bearer network adopt a private network with the
dual-plane structure. When planning the network topology, design two planes sharing the activestandby relation. Each plane is an independent network and is connected to the other plane through
connection links. In addition to the dual-plane design, deploy proper technical measures, such as IP
FRR and interface backup, to guarantee fast convergence of the network in case faults occur.
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NGN Bearer Network Model


IPTN solution

IP public network
IP-based
QOS DiffServ
ensured
Security risk
exists
Fast deployment

IP VPN
VPN-based
Security ensured
QOS DiffServ
ensured
Access control
over CAC calls
cannot be achieved
Can be deployed
in the existing
network

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Private network
Dedicated network
Consolidated
network
QOS DiffServ
ensured
Security ensured
Fast deployment
Access control over
CAC calls cannot be
achieved
High cost

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The optimal
solution
Security ensured
Access control
over CAC calls

Page 7

IP VPN Model

OSS and Billing

IADMS
N2000

PSTN
SoftX3000

SG7000

UMG

NGN VPN
Diffserv: EF

AMG

Firewall

NMS VPN
Diffserv:BE

SBC

Other
carriers
Gateway office

Media stream/signaling flow

Firewall
Outband network management

TMG
IADs not controlled by the carrier

Inband network management


Internet VPN
Diffserv:BE

SIP terminal
OpenEye

IADs controlled by the carrier

The common VPN solutions applied in the NGN IP bearer network are: signaling VPN + media VPN + O&M
charging VPN; signaling and media integrated VPN + O&M charging VPN
Choose one solution according to the customer requirement and the condition of the existing network.
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Service QoS Marks


Service Category

DiffServ PHB

802.1p Mark

Network control/signaling

NC

56

Voice

EF

40

Signaling

AF4(AF41)

32

Video

AF3(AF31)

24

OAM/Billing
Monitoring (XPTU)

AF1(AF11)

Interactive message

BE

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TOS Mark

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MPLS EXP
Mark

Page 9

DSCP Mark

Contents
Chapter 1 Networking Requirements of NGN on the
Backbone of the IP Bearer Network
Chapter 2 Features of IP Interfaces of the NGN
Equipment
Chapter 3 Central Office Networking
Chapter 4 Remote Office Networking
Chapter 5 O&M Charging Networking
Chapter 6 Monitoring Networking

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Features of the Softx3000 IP Interface

The SoftX3000 accommodates up to four pairs of IFM boards. Each pair


works in active/standby mode.

The active and standby IFM boards share the same IP address but use
different MAC addresses.

Both the active and standby boards can initiate switchover after detecting
a hardware failure at the port of the peer equipment.

The active board can initiate the ARP check to examine whether the peer
L3 (datacom equipment) runs normally. The default period for sending
detection packets in the ARP check is 3 seconds. If 80% of packets in 20
consecutive periods, that is 16 packets, are discarded, the board is
switched over. This indicates that the check duration is at least 48
seconds. The packet sending period is configurable. In the ARP check
request, the peer address is the VRRP virtual routing address of the
LSX/RT.

After the IFM board switchover occurs, the board will send a gratuitous
ARP message to notify the datacom equipment to update its MAC address.

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IP Interfaces and Networking Capability of the


UMG
IP Protocol
Processing Board

Interface Board

Type

Remarks

IOE

S2L/S1L

STM-1

Optical/electrical interface

E32/T32

E1/T1

None

PIE

E3/T3

None

E8T

FE 10/100M

Adaptive Ethernet electrical interface

G1O

GE

Multi-mode and single-mode


optical/electrical interface

HRD1 (R7 version)

DT8F

FE

Adaptive Ethernet electrical interface

HRD2 (R7 version)

DG1O

GE

Multi-mode and single-mode


optical/electrical interface

HRU

The UMG provides various IP interfaces (FE electrical/GE optical interface) and powerful networking capabilities, thus is
highly adaptive to different external transmission situations.

The G1O interface can work either in active/standby mode or load-sharing mode. The FE interface of the E8T board works
only in active/standby mode.

Signaling traffic and media traffic of the UMG can be transmitted together through a physical interface or separately
through different physical interfaces.

The UMG can add different VLAN IDs and priorities to voice and signaling packets. (R005)

The UMG provides the ability of transferring traffic among internal interfaces. (R005)

The UMG supports three interface detection mechanisms.


1. Detection performed by the lower-layer driver to check links on the physical layer. (The check frequency is 500 ms.)
2. The scheduled ARP detection (on second basis) for checking the first and second layers.
3. The R005 version supports the BFD feature for checking the first, second and third layers. The check time is as short as
milliseconds. This enables quick detection of link faults and quick link switchover. Calls transmitted over the link are not
interrupted during link switchover.

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IP Interfaces and Networking Capability of the


UMG
Interface Board
Work Mode
E8T

Only in active/standby mode.

G1O

Either in active/standby mode or load-sharing mode. (The load-sharing mode is


based on the traffic. IP packets of a call are sent through one GE port; IP
packets of multiple calls are sent through two GE ports in load-sharing
mode.)

E32/T32

Only in load-sharing mode. (The load sharing is configuration-specific, and


different boards are used based on the configuration.)

S2L/PIE

Either in active/standby mode or load-sharing mode. (The load sharing is


configuration-specific, and different boards are used based on the
configuration.)

HRD1 (R007 version)

Either in active/standby mode or load-sharing mode. (The load-sharing mode is


based on the traffic. IP packets of a call are sent through one FE port; IP
packets of multiple calls are sent through two FE ports in load-sharing
mode.)

HRD2 (R007 version)

Either in active/standby mode or load-sharing mode. (The load-sharing mode is


based on the traffic. IP packets of a call are sent through one GE port; IP
packets of multiple calls are sent through two GE ports in load-sharing
mode.)

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Single-Frame and Multi-Frame Configuration


of the UMG

Generally, when the UMG adopts the single-frame configuration, both the signaling traffic
and media traffic are transmitted through one interface.

When the UMG adopts the multi-frame configuration, the active/standby MPUs are
configured in the standby frame. In this case, the signaling is transmitted through the
MPU while the media is transmitted through the GE interface or other interfaces. The
O&M traffic is transmitted through the OMC interface provided by the active frame.
Alternatively, both the signaling and media can be transmitted though one interface. This,
however, is not recommended since interference occurs when the media traffic is heavy.

If the transmission distance between the PE equipment and the UMG is long, and the
UMG adopts the multi-frame configuration, optical transmission is required. In this case,
two networking modes can be used:
Mode one: Configure two GE optical interfaces (for sending both signaling traffic and
media traffic), through which the UMG is directly connected to the remote PE equipment.
Mode two: Configure two GE optical interfaces (for sending only media traffic), through
which the UMG is directly connected to the remote PE equipment. Configure the FE
electrical interface (for sending only signaling traffic), through which the UMG is first
connected to the Layer 3 switch (such as S3528G/S3928P-EI), and then is connected to
the remote PE equipment through the GE optical interface provided by the Layer 3 switch.
Generally, mode two is recommend.

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Contents
Chapter 1 Networking Requirements of NGN on the
Backbone of the IP Bearer Network
Chapter 2 Features of IP Interfaces of the NGN
Equipment
Chapter 3 Central Office Networking
Chapter 4 Remote Office Networking
Chapter 5 O&M Charging Networking
Chapter 6 Monitoring Networking

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Deployment of Equipment in the Central Office


of the NGN Bearer Network

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Networking Structure

LAN (1) is a signaling and inband O&M (or charging) network. It interworks with
the NGN IP core network over the network layer. In LAN (1), equipment in the
central office implements the network connection and bandwidth convergence
functions.

LAN (2) consists of media devices such as the UMG, MRS and MCU. These
devices provide independent physical interfaces for sending media traffic.
Therefore, it is recommended that they construct an independent network.

LAN (3) is the network for outband network management, and operation and
maintenance. LAN (3) is responsible for connecting the outband O&M
interfaces of each device, the operation and maintenance interfaces and the
O&M terminals. Through LAN (3), the O&M terminals are connected to the
same network.

LAN (4) is temporarily defined as the network for services related to


UNICA/UC.
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Preferred Solution (Recommended)

Optional

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Description of Common Networking Modes

L1 and L2: They are configured as Layer 3 switches. They provide signaling interfaces for the core
network equipment, such as the SoftX3000 and SG7000, in the central office. L1 and L2 adopt the
VRRP mechanism.

F1 and F2: When they work in mix mode, the uplink and downlink interfaces do not occupy IP
addresses, and the network cable between F1 and F2 is used for heartbeat transmission. F1 and F2,
respectively, provide FE interfaces to interwork with R1 and R2.

It is recommended that the Layer 3 switch be divided into three VLANs that interwork with each other
through layer 3:
- VLAN 2uplink interface (VLAN 2 provides only uplink interfaces of the switch, and is configured
with an independent Layer 3 IP network segment address.)
- VLAN 4signaling interface
- VLAN 5reserved interface

L10 and L20: They are deployed when the following equipment needs to be connected to the central
office:
- N2000 server
- IAD-MS
- RMCC or SMC for multimedia application
- Commissioning server or workstation
- Remote O&M router
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Description of Common Networking Modes


(continued)

Media interfaces of the MRS/MCU: They provide multiple FE links (in active/standby or loadsharing mode) to connect with L3 and L4, and are configured with the VRRP mechanism.

Media interfaces of the UMG: They provide FE or GE links in active/standby mode to connect
with two different routers. (This configuration is designed because the traffic on the UMG is
heavy.)

Through the dynamic routing configuration on the routers, the routers connected to the media
equipment such as the UMG can be switched over quickly.

The uplink links or L3 and L4 are configured according to the actual bandwidth requirement for
networking. Each link is configured with an independent Layer 3 IP segment address. The links
between L3 and R1 and between L4 and R2 also adopt the OSPF dynamic routing
configuration. The media interfaces of each device can be separated based on the VLANs.

Requirement for the media gateway devices in the central office: It is recommended that these
devices use the independent media physical interface and signaling physical interface, so that
the signaling traffic and media traffic can be transmitted to LAN (1) and LAN (2) respectively.

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Traffic Flow

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Alternative Solution 1

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Alternative Solution 2

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Application Scenarios of the Three Networking


Solutions
Solution

Application Scenario (Reference)

Preferred solution (the number


of interfaces on R1/R2 for
the central office) 8

This solution is adopted when the UMG of large capacity is


configured in the Class 4 office and the bearer network
equipment provides interfaces for interworking with the
central office equipment. (Or, R1/R2 adopts NE40 for
signaling convergence, and then connects to the
network.)
This solution is recommended.

Alternative solution 1 (the


number of interfaces on
R1/R2 for the central office)
6

This solution is adopted when the signaling VPN and media


VPN are deployed.
This solution is used in certain cases.

Alternative solution 2 (the


number of interfaces on
R1/R2 for the central office)
2

This solution is adopted when the number of interfaces of the


edge routers is very limited.
This solution is seldom used.

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SBC Networking Solution 1


SBC1

L3

PE1

L1

Signaling VPN

VRRP
Virtual IP3

IP MAN

VRRP1 and VRRP2


Virtual IP1 and IP2

HRP

Media VPN

NGN bearer network


L4

L2

SBC2

PE2
SBC heartbeat

Downlink
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

Uplink

VRRP heartbeat

The signaling traffic and media traffic on the SBC are transmitted to the LAN Switch through a GE link, and the
LAN Switch is connected to the PE through a GE link. The LAN Switches are interconnected through multiple FE
links that are bound together. They function only as layer-2 switches.
In the uplink direction, the SBC assigns different VLAN IDs to the signaling traffic and the media traffic, and then
sends the traffic to different subnets. For signaling traffic, the PE adopts the VRRP and uses the virtual IP1. The
VRRP heartbeats are transmitted through L1 and L2. The PE maps the signaling to the signaling VPN based on
the VLAN. The same configuration is used for the media traffic. The signaling traffic and the media traffic are
transmitted over different subnets.
Configure VRRP between L3 and L4. The virtual IP3 serves as the downlink gateway address of the SBC.
When the signaling traffic and the media traffic are transmitted separately through the FE and GE links, the
configuration is similar to that described previously.
In this solution, the SBC runs in direct connection mode. If L1 and L2, and L3 and L4 use the same pair of LAN
Switches (not recommended), the SBC runs in bypass connection mode. Refer to the above-mentioned
configuration for networking.
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SBC Networking Solution 2


SBC1

PE3

PE1
Signaling VPN

VRRP
Virtual IP3

IP MAN

HRP

VRRP1 and VRRP2


Virtual IP1 and IP2

Media VPN

NGN bearer network


PE4

SBC2

PE2
SBC heartbeat

Downlink
1.

2.
3.
4.

Uplink

VRRP heartbeat

The signaling traffic and the media traffic on the SBC are transmitted to the PE through a GE link. The PE can
function as a layer-2 switch. The SBC assigns different VLAN IDs for signaling traffic and the media traffic, and
then sends the traffic to different subnets. For signaling traffic, the PE adopts the VRRP and uses the virtual IP1.
The VRRP heartbeats are transmitted through links (multiple physical links bound together) between PE1 and PE2.
The PE maps the signaling traffic to the signaling VPN based on the VLAN. The same configuration is used for the
media.
Configure VRRP between PE3 and PE4. The virtual IP3 serves as the downlink gateway address of the SBC.
When the signaling traffic and the media traffic are transmitted separately through the FE and GE links, the
configuration is similar to that described previously.
In this solution, the SBC runs in direct connection mode. If PE1 and PE2, and PE3 and PE4 use the same pair of
routers, the SBC runs in bypass connection mode. Refer to the above-mentioned configuration for networking.
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Contents
Chapter 1 Networking Requirements of NGN on the
Backbone of the IP Bearer Network
Chapter 2 Features of IP Interfaces of the NGN
Equipment
Chapter 3 Central Office Networking
Chapter 4 Remote Office Networking
Chapter 5 O&M Charging Networking
Chapter 6 Monitoring Networking

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Networking Scenario of Dual PEs in Direct


Interconnection ModeLoad Sharing
UMG networking solution 2

UMG networking solution 1

PE3

PE1

UMG

UMG

IP/MPLS Core
UMG

UMG
PE2
LAN

PE4

DCN

Media FE/GE Link

LAN

Media and signaling combined FE/GE


Link

Signaling FE Link

O&M FE Link

O&M FE Link

The PEs in direct interconnection mode are preferred for the IP networking of the UMG.
Based on the configurations of different UMG versions, there are three networking modes:
The UMG provides separate interfaces for transmitting the signaling traffic and the media traffic, and works in
load-sharing mode.
The UMG provides one interface for transmitting the signaling traffic and the media traffic, and works in loadsharing mode.
The UMG provides one interface for transmitting the signaling traffic and the media traffic, and works in VRRP
mode.
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Separate Signaling and Media Physical Interfaces,


Load-Sharing Mode (Multi-frame Configuration)
Remote network

IP6-1

Signaling interface
Media interface

IP1-2
GE

IP7-1
IP2-1
GE

IP3-1

IP/MPLS Core

IP7-2

GE

PE-2

IP2-2

UMG

FE

IP5-2

IP8-1

VRRP

Network port

PE-1

IP4-2

IP1-1

IP4-1

IP6-2

IP3-2

Signaling traffic

IP3-4

Media traffic

2FE trunk
IP3-3

FE/GE Link

IP5-1
IP8-2

L3 Switch

This mode is recommend when the UMG (R005 version) adopts the multi-frame configuration.
It is in compliance with the preferred solution of the central office.

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Separate Signaling and Media Physical Interfaces,


Load-Sharing Mode (Multi-Frame Configuration)
Site B

Site A

MSTP

MSTP

UP

PE1

SDH/RPR

IP/MPLS

UP
UMG/AMG

VRRP

CE1

MSTP

MSTP

PE2

CE2
Signaling traffic
Media traffic

FE/GE Link

This mode is recommend when the UMG (R005 version) adopts the multi-frame configuration.
It is in compliance with the preferred solution of the central office.
When the UMG is connected to the network through the MSTP, the media traffic is transmitted to the PE
through the MSTP, but the signaling traffic is transmitted to the PE after undergoing signaling
convergence at the LAN Switch.

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Integrated Signaling and Media Interface, LoadSharing Mode


The priority of static
routing is higher than
OSPF

Remote network
Both links have traffic
in normal state

Signaling interface

IP6-1

Media interface

IP1-2

Network port

PE-1

IP1-1

IP2-2
IP5-1

IP2-1
IP3-1

IP/MPLS Core

IP5-2
IP3-2

IP4-1

UMG

PE-2

IP4-2
IP6-2

Signaling traffic

Media traffic

DCN

O&M traffic

FE/GE Link

FE Link

This mode is recommend when the UMG of the R005 version is used for networking, and no LAN
Switch is used for signaling convergence.
The media traffic is evenly shared by two interfaces. The signaling traffic is transmitted through either
interface but can be received through both interfaces.
Note: When the backbone network is in normal state, the consistency and stability of routes between
the UMGs must be ensured.
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Dual Subnets in Load-Sharing Mode


Reliability Analysis (Normal State)
Destination protocal pref Nexthop Interface
IP1-1
Direct
0
IP1-1
IP2-1
Static
60
IP1-1
IP2-1
OSPF(ASE) 150
IP3-2
.

RT1 has one direct route to the IP1 network segment, and one
static route whose destination address is IP2-1 and whose next hop
is IP1-1. Enable OSPF on the interworking interface between RT1
and RT2, and ensure that both routes use the OSPF.

S1
S1
S2

RT1

IP1-2
BFD
UMG performs
internal switching

IP1-1

S1

IP3-1

Traffic to IP1-1

S2 OSPF
IP2-1

Traffic to IP2-1

S3
IP3-2
IP2-2

RT2 has one direct route to the IP2 network segment, and one static
route whose destination address is IP1-1 and whose next hop is
IP2-1. Enable OSPF on the interworking interface between RT1 and
RT2, and ensure that both routes use the OSPF.

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RT2

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Destination protocal pref Nexthop Interface


IP2-1
Direct
0
IP2-1
IP1-1
Static
60
IP2-1
IP1-1
OSPF(ASE) 150
IP3-1
.

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S3
S3
S2

Dual Subnets in Load-Sharing Mode


Reliability Analysis (Physical Fault)
Destination protocal pref Nexthop Interface
Routing protocol
convergence

Physical fault

UMG performs
internal switching

IP1-1

RT1

IP2-1
IP1-1
IP1-1
IP2-1
.
IP2-1
.

IP3-1

During packet sending,


the UMG automatically
sends the traffic of IP1-1
through IP2-1.

S3

Traffic to IP1-1

Traffic to IP2-1

IP3-2
IP2-2

Route
convergence

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S2
S1
S2S1
S2

BFD

S2OSPF
IP2-1

IP3-2
IP1-1
IP3-2
IP1-1
IP3-2

IP FRR is enabled
to forcibly switch
the traffic to S2.

IP1-2
S1

OSPF(ASE)
150
Direct
0
OSPF(ASE)
150
Static
60
OSPF(ASE) 150

RT2

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Destination protocal pref Nexthop Interface


IP2-1
IP1-1
IP1-1
.
.

Direct
0
Static
60
OSPF(ASE) 150

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IP2-1
IP2-1
IP3-1

S3
S3
S2

Dual Subnets in Load-Sharing Mode


Reliability Analysis (Logical Fault)
The BFD mechanism does not
interact with the routing module, and
the routing protocol does not
converge.
Logical fault

UMG performs
internal
switching.

IP1-1

Destination protocal pref Nexthop Interface

RT1

IP1-1
IP2-1
IP2-1
.

IP3-1

During packet sending,


the UMG automatically
sends the traffic of IP11 through IP2-1.

S3

Traffic to IP1-1

Traffic to IP2-1

IP3-2
IP2-2
RT2

Destination protocal pref Nexthop Interface


IP2-1
IP1-1
IP1-1
.

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S1
S1
S2

BFD

S2 OSPF
IP2-1

IP1-1
IP1-1
IP3-2

IP FRR is enabled
to forcibly switch
the traffic to S2.

IP1-2
S1

Direct
0
Static
60
OSPF(ASE) 150

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Direct
0
Static
60
OSPF(ASE) 150

Page 34

IP2-1
IP2-1
IP3-1

S3
S3
S2

Integrated Signaling and Media Interface, LoadSharing Mode (Multi-Board Configuration)


IP12

IP11

IP21

G
1
0

G
1
0

IP32

IP52

IP42

IP41

IP31

Board group 0

IP22

G
1
0

G
1
0

Board group 1

IP62

IP51
G
1
0

IP61
G
1
0

Board group 2

Each G10 belongs to a subnet. Each pair of G10 boards works in load-sharing mode to
send the traffic to two routers.
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Integrated Signaling and Media Interface, VRRP


Mode
Remote network
IP1-2
IP2-2

Master interface UP
IP1-1
IP2-1

Signaling VPN
PE1

S1
UMG
S3
Backup interface UP
IP1-1
IP2-1

LAN

VRRP1: IP1-4
VRRP2: IP2-4

S2
PE2

Media VPN
IP/MPLS Core

IP1-3
IP2-3

DCN

Signaling traffic
Media traffic
O&M traffic

} FE/GE Link
FE Link

It is recommended that the UMG of the R003 version use this networking mode.

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Integrated Signaling and Media Interface, VRRP


Mode (Multi-Board Configuration)
VRRP IP16

IP15

IP14

IP11
G
1
0

IP12
G
1
0

Board group 0

G
1
0

IP13
G
1
0

Board group 1

G
1
0

G
1
0

Board group 2

All the boards belong to the same subnet, and only one VRRP group is enabled
between the routers.
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Remote Device Accessing the Network Through


MSTP
Site B

Site A

MSTP

MSTP

UP

SDH/RPR

PE1

IP/MPLS

VRRP

UP
UMG/AMG
MSTP
Check the virtual IP01 of the slave interface

PE2

MSTP
Site C

Master Link Signaling/Media FE/GE


Slave Link Signaling/Media FE/GE

Signaling (active/standby interface)


NGN gateway

PE1

PE2

Media (active/standby interface)


NGN
PE1
PE2
gateway

VLAN00 PHB=AF4
IP00

IP04
IP05
Virtual IP02 in the
VRRP00 group

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VLAN10 PHB=EF
IP10

IP14
IP15
Virtual IP12 in the
VRRP10 group

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O&M (active/standby interface)


NGN gateway

PE1

PE2

VLAN20 PHB=AF1
IP20

IP24
IP25
Virtual IP22 in the
VRRP20 group

Page 38

Comparison Between Remote Networking Solutions


Application Scenario

Suggestion on Networking

Dual PEs: Separate Signaling and


Media Interfaces, Load-Sharing
Mode

This solution is recommended when the UMG (with multiframe configuration) is of the R005 version or later. If the
UMG is deployed in a remote area, it can access the
network through MSTP.

Dual PEs: Integrated Signaling and


Media Interface, Load-Sharing Mode

This solution is recommended when the UMG of the R005


version is deployed, and the bearer network ensures
routing stability.

Dual PEs: Integrated Signaling and


Media Interface, VRRP Mode

This solution is recommended when the UMG of the R003


version is deployed.

MSTP-VRRP

This solution is recommend when the UMG of the R003


version is deployed and the UMG accesses the network
through MSTP.

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Equipment Selection

It is recommended that S3928P-EI be used as the Layer 3 switch in the central office
networking. (S3528G in the existing network can also meet the networking requirement.)

The S3928P-EI provides 24 fixed 10Base-T/100Base-TX adaptive Ethernet interfaces,


and four 1000Base-X SFP interfaces on the front panel.

It is recommended that PE1/PE2, as described in this document, use NE40/NE80 or


equivalent routers of other vendors, so as to support all the MPLS VPN and QoS features.

It is not recommended that core network equipment of Huawei directly interconnects with
datacom equipment of other vendors.

The UMG of the R005 version or later requires that the router support multiple OSPF
instances and provide the BFD and IP FRR features, such as the NE40/NE80 and
NE40E/NE80E of Huawei.

If the UMG of the R003 version is used for networking, the router is required to support
the layer-2 switching and VRRP features, such as the NE40 of Huawei.

If the remote equipment accesses the network through the MSTP, the router needs to
support the PPP protocol.

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Contents
Chapter 1 Networking Requirements of NGN on the
Backbone of the IP Bearer Network
Chapter 2 Features of IP Interfaces of the NGN
Equipment
Chapter 3 Central Office Networking
Chapter 4 Remote Office Networking
Chapter 5 O&M Charging Networking
Chapter 6 Monitoring Networking

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O&M Private Network

NGN VPN or IP private network

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LAN (3) Networking in the NMS

Internal
network
port

Outband network port of


the BAM or NE

O&M VPN

Internal
network
port

Network port of the BAM

External
network port
External
network
port
Remote AMG

Remote UMG

NGN VPN or IP private network

Outband O&M

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Inband O&M

Page 43

VPN Design in the Carrier DCN

Carrier DCN

Internal
network
port

Outband network port


of the BAM or NE

O&M VPN
Network port of the BAM

Internal
network
port
External
network
port

External
network port

Remote AMG
Remote UMG

NGN VPN or IP private network


Outband O&M

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Inband O&M

Page 44

O&M Solution for the Datacom Devices


The O&M VLAN is configured for the Layer 3
switch in the central office and the firewalls. Data
is transmitted transparently to the PE and then to
the VPN.

PE

Bearer network
S

R
PE

DCN/O&M center
S

Layer-3 interface for inband O&M

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Charging System Networking 1


Charging Interface
iGWB
(active)
SoftX3000
Billing center

Firewall

DCN/Billing
center

PE

iGWB
LAN Switch (standby)

signal

Bearer network

Billing
UMG8900

Media

This solution is used when the DCN/billing center interface is present in the local
office.

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Charging System Networking 2


Billing center

Charging Interface

DCN/Billing center

Bearer Network
PE

PE

iGWB iGWB
(active) (standby)

This solution is used when the DCN interface is not present in the local office. In this case, the
switch is directly connected to the PE router at the egress of the central office and then to the
charging VPN in the bearer network.
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Contents
Chapter 1 Networking Requirements of NGN on the
Backbone of the IP Bearer Network
Chapter 2 Features of IP Interfaces of the NGN
Equipment
Chapter 3 Central Office Networking
Chapter 4 Remote Office Networking
Chapter 5 O&M Charging Networking
Chapter 6 Monitoring Networking

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Monitoring Networking

Control signals are transmitted through the IP channel, and the monitored
voice is transmitted through the TDM channel.

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Monitoring Networking

The XPTU server is equipped with four network adapters (N1, N2, N3 and N4). N1 and N2
share the same IP address, and are connected to the BAM through the LAN Switch, which
is then connected to the O&M network. N3 is connected with the router and then connected
to the O&M network. N3 is used by the XPTU and LEA (through LIG) for communication.
N4 is reserved.
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Security Level:

Thank You
www.huawei.com
www.huawei.com

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