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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 5
Introduction to
Differential Analysis of
Fluid Motion

© Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Main Topics
Conservation of Mass (Review)
Stream Function for Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow (Review)
Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)
Momentum Equation

(Review)

© Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Pritchard. & McDonald .Conservation of Mass Basic Law for a System © Fox.

& McDonald . Pritchard.Conservation of Mass Rectangular Coordinate System © Fox.

Pritchard. & McDonald .Conservation of Mass Rectangular Coordinate System © Fox.

Pritchard. & McDonald .Conservation of Mass Rectangular Coordinate System “Continuity Equation” © Fox.

Conservation of Mass Rectangular Coordinate System “Del” Operator © Fox. & McDonald . Pritchard.

& McDonald .Conservation of Mass Rectangular Coordinate System © Fox. Pritchard.

Conservation of Mass Rectangular Coordinate System Incompressible Fluid: Steady Flow: © Fox. & McDonald . Pritchard.

Stream Function for Two-Dimensional Incompressible Flow Two-Dimensional Flow Stream Function  © Fox. Pritchard. & McDonald .

& McDonald . Pritchard.Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)  Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field  Fluid Rotation  Fluid Deformation • Angular Deformation • Linear Deformation © Fox.

& McDonald .Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics) © Fox. Pritchard.

Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)  Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field © Fox. Pritchard. & McDonald .

Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)  Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field © Fox. & McDonald . Pritchard.

Pritchard. & McDonald .Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)  Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field © Fox.

& McDonald . Pritchard.Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics) Fluid Rotation © Fox.

Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics) Fluid Rotation © Fox. Pritchard. & McDonald .

Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics) Fluid Rotation Vorticity © Fox. & McDonald . Pritchard.

& McDonald .Momentum Equation Newton’s Second Law © Fox. Pritchard.

Momentum Equation Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle σij & τij : i= plane on which σ & τ acts (┴ i axis) j = direction in which the stress acts © Fox. Pritchard. & McDonald .

Momentum Equation Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle © Fox. Pritchard. & McDonald .

dFsz © Fox. Pritchard. & McDonald . dFsy .Momentum Equation Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle Similarly.

Pritchard. & McDonald .Momentum Equation Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle © Fox.

Momentum Equation Differential Momentum Equation © Fox. & McDonald . Pritchard.

Pritchard.Momentum Equation Differential Momentum Equation Special Case: Newtonian Fluid: Navier-Stokes Equations © Fox. & McDonald .

& McDonald . Pritchard.Momentum Equation  Newtonian Fluid: Navier-Stokes Equations incompressible flow with constant viscosity © Fox.

Momentum Equation Special Case: Euler’s Equation frictionless (inviscid) flow (μ=0) © Fox. & McDonald . Pritchard.