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BSS8.

1 new feature
summarization

19 - August - 2009

Cell Tracing
Feature Description

The cell tracing function can trace the call signaling of the first
accessed 16 calls in the cell. The call signaling that can be
traced includes the signaling on the A interface and that on the
Abis interface.

Benefits

The cell tracing log facilitates the locating of the network problem
and helps save the cost of conducting the drive test and
dialing test for troubleshooting.

Implementation

You can issue the cell tracing command on the M2000 to trace the
calls of a specified cell. A maximum of 16 calls in the specified
cell can be traced at a time. The cell tracing function applies
the first-in first-traced principle. After a tracing task is started,
the first accessed 16 calls in the traced cell are traced. If a call
is complete, a newly accessed call is traced.
You can choose the cells to be traced on the basis of the CELLID.
The GBSC allows saving and review of the tracing log. You
can also choose to trace only the signaling on the A interface
or only the signaling on the Abis interface. When the signaling
on the Abis interface is traced, you can choose whether to
trace the measurement report.

Related Operations

Issuing cell tracing command on the M2000.

Function ID

GBFD-2203
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IBCA
Feature
Description

IBCA stands for interference based channel allocation. In IBCA, when a call accesses the network, the interference of the
new call to the established calls and the interference of the established calls to the new call are calculated. Based on the
calculation, the network allocates a channel with the minimum interference to the new call. This approach minimizes the
overall interference in the network, improves the efficiency of the frequency usage, and increases the network capacity
while maintaining the voice quality in the whole network.

Benefits

IBCA provides these benefits:


Increasing the frequency usage by 30%40% and increasing the network capacity while maintaining the network quality
Reducing the overall interference and improving the network quality.
Improving the voice quality.

Implementation

In GSM, the loose frequency reuse makes better network quality, higher network KPI, and excellent voice quality, but
reduced network capacity, which is a disadvantage comparing to the tight frequency reuse. The tight frequency reuse
scheme increases the network capacity. However, the probability of the TRXs using the same frequency or adjacent
frequencies increases. This results in more co-channel interference or adjacent channel interference, which can further leads
to decreased network quality.
Based on the timeslot synchronization on the air interface, the IBCA function takes into account the interference strength of
all idle channels and allocates the channel with the minimum interference to the network preferentially. IBCA performs the
following:
Calculates the interference of the established calls to the new call. IBCA must be used along with the frequency hopping.
The idle channels with different MAIO values transmit signals over the air interface with different frequencies, and the
interference they experience from the established calls may vary. The IBCA function calculates the interference to each idle
channel when different MAIO values are applied.
Calculates the interference to the established calls caused by the new call. If the established calls can interfere with the
new call, once the call accesses the network, the new call also interferes with the established calls. The IBCA evaluates the
carrier-to-interference ratio of the new call to the established calls.
Taking into account the preceding two types of interference, allocate a channel with minimum interference to the network
and the MAIO value to the call for access request. The IBCA function consists of the intra-BSC IBCA and inter-BSC
IBCA. In other words, the IBCA-enabled cell can belong to either one BSC or to multiple BSCs.
The implementation of the IBCA improves the frequency usage, and further increases the network capacity. In addition, the
interference between the established calls and the new call is also considered when allocating a channel to the new call.
Thus, the IBCA helps to improve the call quality.

Related Operations

1. Set the TRX in the IBCA-enabled cell to work in FH mode, and configure the parameter MAIO Plan.
2. Set IBCA Allowed to Yes.
3. Create the neighbor-cell relation for 2G neighbor cells, and enable IBCA Neighbor Cell Flag and IBCA Dynamic
Measure Neighbor Cell Flag.
4. Set Site Synchronization Method to Air Interface Software Synchronization.
5. To enable
the IBCA
algorithm
for theTECHNOLOGIES
cells under different
BSCs,
configure the signaling point for an external BSC.
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CO., LTD.
2006

Active Backup Power Control


Feature Description

Once the external power of the BTS is disrupted, the BTS uses the backup
battery to supply the power, and then gradually shuts down the TRXs and
decreases the transmit power of the TRX to prolong the service time of the
BTS.

Benefits

The gradually reduction of backup power function decreases the power


consumption of the BTS, prolongs the service time of the BTS, and decreases
the out-of-service cell rate when the external power supply of the BTS is
disrupted.
This function increases the discharge time of the battery, saves the working
time of the generator, and thus saves the cost of the power supply.
The reduction of out-of-service cell rate improves the network KPI and the
service quality of operators.

Implementation

When the external power supply of the BTS is disrupted, a power-off alarm is
sent to the BTS. The BTS then uses the battery to supply the power. To save
the backup power, the BTS shuts down some of the TRXs automatically under
the control of the timer, and then decreases the transmit power of the TRX
gradually in a certain step until the BTS is switched off. When the external
power supply of the BTS is restored, the previously shutdown TRXs are
switched on and all TRXs transmit at the normal power.

Related Operations

Configure the following parameters for the BTS:


Backup Power Saving Policy, Backup Power Saving Method, Drop Power Start
Time (T1), Shutdown Trx Start Time (T2), Drop Power Time Interval (T3), Drop
Power Step, and Max Drop Power Threshold
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PSU Smart Control


Feature Description

The PSU(Power Supply Unit Module) intelligent shutdown function shuts down
the redundant PDUs based on the BTS load on the condition that the required
power consumption of the BTS is met.

Benefits

This function improves the efficiency of the power conversion; reduces the
power consumption, and saves the operating cost.
This function prolongs the working time and lifetime of the PSU.

Implementation

The PSU intelligent shutdown function switches on only the required PSUs and
shuts down the redundant PSUs to improve the efficiency of the power system
and prolong the lifetime of the power system.

Related Operations

Configure the following parameters for the BTS:


PSU Turning Off Enable

Function ID

GBFD-1608

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Abis Congestion Triggered HR Allocation


Feature Description

When the Abis interface congestion occurs, the calls are handed over from TCHF to TCHH. The TCHH is
preferentially allocated to the new call.

Benefits

This function helps save the Abis transmission resources and reduce the network construction cost. When the
Abis interface congestion occurs, the speech quality is degraded to guarantee the system capacity. When the
congestion is rectified, the voice quality is recovered and the balance between the system capacity and voice
quality is maintained.

Implementation

When the Abis compression technique is applied, including GBFD-7301 Flex Abis, GBFD-8401 Abis
Transmission Optimization, GBFD-8402 Hub BTS in HDLC Mode, and GBFD-8601 Abis over IP, one timeslot on
the Abis interface does not necessarily map with one timeslot on the air interface. In heavy traffic hours, if the
Abis transmission resources are not sufficient, the Abis transmission may be congested earlier than the air
interface. The TCHF-to-TCHH conversion based on the air interface load and the mechanism of preferentially
allocating TCHH cannot guarantee the system capacity. Based on the congestion status on the Abis interface,
the Abis congestion triggered HR allocation function performs dynamic TCHF-TCHH conversion, preferentially
allocates TCHH, and carries out queuing and pre-emption to ease the Abis interface congestion and to increase
the system capacity.
Dynamic TCHF-TCHH conversion: When the Abis interface congestion occurs, the qualified calls, such
as calls originated by non-VIP subscribers, calls with high speech quality, or calls with allowed path
loss, are handed over from TCHF to TCHH. This eases the congestion on the Abis interface and
improves the system capacity. When the Abis interface congestion is rectified, the qualified calls in the
cell are handed over from TCHH to TCHF to improve the speech quality of the calls.
Preferentially allocating the TCHH: When the A interface congestion occurs, the TCHHs are
preferentially allocated to the newly accessed calls to slow down the congestion.
Queuing/Pre-emption: Similar to the queuing/pre-emption mechanism for the Air interface congestion,
when the Abis interface is severely congested, the queuing/pre-emption is performed for calls that allow
queuing/pre-emption on assignment or incoming handover. This guarantees that services can be
provided to subscribers with high priority even if the Abis interface is severely congested.
If the TDM transmission is used on the Abis interface, the preferentially allocating the TCHH mechanism is
applied to rectify the Abis interface congestion occurred when using GBFD-7301 Flex Abis.
If HDLC is applied on the Abis interface, the preferentially allocating the TCHH mechanism and queuing/preemption mechanism are applied to rectify the Abis interface congestion occurred when using GBFD-8401 Abis
Transmission Optimization or GBFD-8402 Hub BTS in HDLC Mode.
If the IP transmission is used on the Abis interface, the dynamic TCHF-TCHH conversion, preferentially
allocating the TCHH, and queuing/pre-emption mechanisms are applied to rectify the Abis interface congestion
when using GBFD-8601 Abis over IP.

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PS Active Queue Management


Feature Description

When the PS Active Queue Management function is enabled, the real-time


status of the network is monitored. Once the network is congested, the system
drops the data packets proactively and TCP sending end adjusts the sending
rate to maintain the buffer queue at a certain length to ease the congestion.

Benefits

The PS Active Queue Management function is applicable to scenarios where


congestion may occur because of bandwidth limitation. This function helps
maintain high utilization of the bandwidth, shorten the delay of the packet
service, and enhance the fairness of the bandwidth sharing among the data
flows.
The PS Active Queue Management function improves the packet service
performance. For example, when large files are involved in the packet service
of the MS subscriber, such as FTP downloading and Email sending, this
function shortens the service delay and thus improves the user experience.

Implementation

The PS Active Queue Management function provides active queue


management and real-time monitoring of the buffer queue to monitor the
network congestion. Once the network is congested, the system drops the data
packets proactively and adjusts the sending rate at the TCP sending end to
maintain the buffer queue at a certain length to ease the congestion.
Compared to the reactive queue management (a technique which drops the
overflowed packets only when the queue is full), the PS Active Queue
Management function eases the network congestion caused by the TCP data
flow, and thus improves the service throughput and shortens the service delay.

Related Operations

Enable the BSC software parameter Aqm Switch.

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DTM
Feature Description

The dual transfer mode (DTM) function allows simultaneous transfer of CS service
and PS service. That is, a subscriber can send photos and browse websites while
having a call. The 3G network provides concurrent CS service and PS service. With
the DTM function, a GSM network can provide its subscribers with services similar as
that provided in a 3G network. In addition, in areas with insufficient 3G coverage,
subscribers can access the services that are similar to 3G services through the 2G
network by using the DTM function.

Benefits

The DTM function supports simultaneous processing of the CS service and PS


service. The PS service can be used without interrupting the CS service.
DTM allows the implementation of concurrent CS service and PS service in a 2G
network. The concurrent CS service and PS service is originally available only in a 3G
network.
The DTM function is the foundation for the concurrent CS service and PS service.
For example, the Class11 DTM function and HMC DTM function are both based on
the DTM function.
With the development of time, the new point of profit growth shifts to the data service.
The concurrent CS service and PS service becomes the new requirement. Without
the DTM function, only the class A mobile phone with complex hardware supports the
concurrent CS service and PS service. Due to the complexity of the class A mobile
phone, few manufacturers provide such mobile phones. With the DTM function, the
class B mobile phone can support the concurrent CS service and PS service, which
lays the foundation for wide application of data services. With the interaction between
the CS service and PS service and the multimedia services provided by the operators,
the call duration prolongs and a large amount of data traffic is generated. This can
bring the operators considerable revenue increase.

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Handover Re-establishment
Feature Description

On receiving the Error Indication message from the BTS during the handover
process, the BSC does not process in the call drop case but attempts to reestablish the call on the old channel.

Benefits

This function decreases the call drop rate during the handover, enhances the
user satisfaction, and improves the network KPIs.

Implementation

In the handover process, the BSC sends the Handover Command message to
the MS. If it does not receive any response from the MS but receives the Error
Indication message from the BTS, the BSC processes in the call drop case.
After this function is enabled, the BSC instructs the BTS to re-establish a call
on the old link after the BSC receives the Error Indication message on the old
link. If the call re-establishment is successful, the MS will make calls on the old
channel and no call drop occurs.

Related Operations

Configure cell parameters so that the call reestablishment function is


supported.

Function ID

GBFD-10502

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RAN Sharing
Feature Description

Under the condition of keeping the independency of core networks of multiple network
operators, the RAN Sharing function enables multiple network operators to share one
GBSS network so that they can use the resources (including the BSC, BTS, antenna
system, transmission, and so on) in the GBSS network simultaneously.

Benefits

The GBSS sharing can make new network operators accessing the network easily
and implement the network coverage of the network operators quickly.
Through the sharing of the equipment on current network, the operator can fully use
the network resources and increase the revenue.
Reduce the comprehensive operation cost of the network operators.
Multiple network operators can operate the radio services independently so that
they can keep the independence of the business development from the network
planning.

Implementation

The shared services in the GBSS are CS services and PS services. The GBSS will
route the services to the specific core network (MSC or SGSN) to which the cell
belongs for processing.
In addition, the RAN Sharing supports the coexistence of the sharing resources and
non-sharing resources in the GBSS. For example, some resources in the GBSS, such
as all the resources under one BTS, may belong to one specific network operator so
that other network operators cannot use these resources. On the other hand, the
resources under other BTSs of the GBSS can be shared by multiple network
operators.

Related Operations

Configure the BSC so that it supports RanSharing and operator information.


Configure the binding relation between the MSC and the operator.
For different operators, match the timers and software parameters associated with the
A interface.
Configure BTS sharing among operators or independent resource use, and bind the
cells and the operators.
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EICC
Feature Description

Support EICC function.

Benefits

EICC can improve the uplink anti-interference capability, thus enhancing the
uplink speech quality and data throughput accordingly. With the improved
uplink anti-interference capability, the aggressive frequency reuse mode can be
used to expand the system capacity.

Implementation

The interference elements of the multi-path signals received by multiple


antennas are associated with co-channel interference (CCI) and inter-symbol
interference (ISI). ICC processes these two types of interference independently
and eliminates the space domain interference and the time domain
interference respectively. Considering the correlation of these two types of
interference, EICC constructs the multidimensional combining ratio matrix to
combine the signals based on the maximum signal-to-noise ratio criterion.

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Intelligent Combiner Bypass


Feature Description

The double-transceiver BTS has a built-in combiner. Even when carrier signals
are output through the combining port, the signal strength varies with the
combining mode. If the wideband combination mode is used, the carrier signals
through the combiner are attenuated by 3 dB. If the PBT is used, the carrier
signals through the combiner are gained by 3 dB. Therefore, the wideband
combination mode can be changed into the PBT mode when the traffic volume
is low. Thus, the energy consumption of the TRX can be reduced without
interference in good coverage. As a result, the power consumption of the TRX
can be lowered. (The power decrease, the PBT will increase 3dB from the
combiner to make sure the coverage, but the capacity is decreased.)

Benefits

This function helps reduce the energy consumption of the TRX without
interfering with good coverage.

Implementation

The wideband combination mode can be changed into the PBT mode when the
traffic volume is low. Thus, the energy consumption of the TRX can be reduced
without interference in good coverage. As a result, the power consumption of
the TRX can be lowered.
No parameter

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Robust Air Interface Signaling


Feature Description

When the radio transmission quality is poor, the BSC retransmits FACCH
message and SACCH message.

Benefits

The retransmission of the FACCH frame can improve the FACCH link
performance of the common MS by about 2 dB and improve the FACCH link
performance of the MS complying with the 3GPP R6 protocol by about 45 dB.
The retransmission of the SACCH frame can improve the SACCH link
performance of the common MS by about 45 dB.

Implementation

The network retransmits the FACCH frame when the downlink measurement
result is lower than a certain threshold. The retransmission mechanism is as
follows: If the first interleaving block of the first sent FACCH message is
transmitted on the TDMA frame numbered M, then the first interleaving block of
the repeatedly sent FACCH message is transmitted on the TDMA frame
numbered M+8 or M+9.
If the BSC detects that the SACCH message cannot be correctly decoded or
the measurement result on the downlink is lower than a certain threshold, the
SACCH Repetition Order (SRO) is set to 1 and the MS is required to retransmit
the SACCH message. Where, SRO is a new flag in the downlink SACCH
message. If the MS detects that the SACCH message cannot be correctly
decoded, the SACCH Repetition Request (SRR) is set to 1 and the BSC is
required to retransmit the SACCH message. Where, SRR is a new flag in the
uplink SACCH message. After receiving the flag where SRR is set to 1, the
BSC retransmits the corresponding SACCH message.

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GSM/WCDMA service based handover


Feature Description

With the application of the WCDMA system, the networking with both the GSM
system and the WCDMA system is widely used. The QoS on the two radio
access systems is different. The problem of using different radio access
system resources for different services needs to be solved immediately.
According to the service hierarchy principle, different services are handed
over to different systems. For example, the voice services are
preferentially handed over to the GSM system, and the data services are
retained in the WCDMA system.

Benefits

This function improves the QoS by preferentially selecting the GSM system or
the WCDMA system based on the user services.

Implementation

In the assignment procedure, the MSC sends the service handover information
to the BSC through the ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message. If the service
handover information indicates that the call is handled in the UTRAN
preferentially, the directed retry procedure can be initiated to hand over the
call to the WCDMA system.
The HANDOVER REQUEST message received by the BSC may also carry the
service handover information. The BSC uses this information for
subsequent handover decision.

Related Operations

Configure inter-RAT service handover switch in the software parameters.

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GSM/WCDMA load based handover


Feature Description

With the application of the WCDMA system, the networking with both the GSM
system and the WCDMA system is widely used. The problem of how to fully
utilize the resources of the two radio access systems needs to be solved
immediately. When the load of one radio access system is heavy while the load
of the other radio access system with the same coverage is light, if the current
user service is supported by the other system, the load-based inter-system can
be initiated to balance the load of the two systems.

Benefits

This function improves the network utilization by adjusting the load of the
WCDMA system and GSM system.

Implementation

The load information of the WCDMA system is transparently transmitted to the


BSC through the MSC. Then the BSC determines whether to initiate the intersystem handover based on the load information of the WCDMA system and the
load information of the BSC itself. The handover request message sent from
the BSC to the WCDMA network also carries the load information of the BSC
itself for the reference of the target system in the inter-system handover
decision.

Related Operations

Whether the external cell supports the inter-RAT load handover should be
configured.
Whether the serving cell supports the inter-RAT load handover should be
configured.

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Active Power Control


Feature Description

After an MS successfully accesses the network or a handover is successfully performed, the


uplink power and downlink power are calculated at once. The network informs the MS of the
result of uplink power calculation. Then, both the BTS and the MS transmit signals at proper
power. Thus, power control can be performed immediately.

Benefits

Through the power control of both the BTS and the MS, the system interference is reduced
and the service quality is improved. In addition, as the power consumption of the BTS and
MS is reduced, energy is saved and the service time of the MS is prolonged.

Implementation

When an MS accesses the network, the following power control procedure is performed:
(1) According to the 3GPP TS 05.05, the network obtains the transmit power of the MS.
Then, based on the transmit power of the MS and the uplink signal strength measured by
the BTS, the path loss of the MS is obtained.
(2) Based on the path loss of the MS and the expected uplink and downlink signal strength,
the transmit power of the MS and BTS is obtained.
(3) After the MS accesses the network, power control is performed immediately. Then, both
the BTS and MS transmit signals at proper power.
During a handover, if the target cell cannot obtain the BCCH signal strength of the target cell
measured by the MS in the serving cell, the target cell can estimate the path loss of the MS
by measuring the signal strength of the MS after it accesses the target cell. The subsequent
power control procedure is the same as that performed during the access phase. Otherwise,
the target cell can calculate the path loss of the MS based on the BCCH signal strength and
the BCCH carrier transmit power of the target cell recorded by the serving cell before the
handover. The subsequent power control procedure is the same as that performed during
the access phase. Therefore, the BTS and MS can perform power control immediately after
a successful handover.

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A5/1 Encryption Flow Optimization


Feature Description

As the A5/1 encryption algorithm provides weak protection (hacker

attack)
for data security, Huawei optimizes the service processing procedure based on
the Um-interface transmission characteristics of the GSM network. After the
A5/1 encryption algorithm is optimized, the probability of network wiretapping is
decreased and the transmission security is enhanced.
Benefits

Based on the weak point of the A5/1 encryption algorithm, Huawei optimizes
the service processing procedure. Therefore, the difficulty of network
wiretapping is increased and the data security during transmission is improved.

Implementation

If the CS services are being processed and the TCH Time Handover Switch
parameter is set to Yes, the timed handover timer is started and the
length of the timer is TCH Time Handover Period. When the timer expires,
an intra-cell forced handover is initiated.
Upon the transmission of assignment command, handover command, and
incoming BSC handover response message, the CHANNEL ACTIVATION
message carries the information about frequency hopping if Flex MAIO or Flex
TSC is enabled for the cell. Here, TSC is a randomly assigned value.
If none of Dummy Bit Randomization Switch, Stop Transmit System
Information 5/5bis/5ter Switch, or SD Fast Ho is set to 0xFF, the cell
extended attribute message carries these security enhancement fields.
Suggest A5/3

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Dynamic HR/FR Adaptation


Feature Description

The half-rate/full-rate channels of established calls can be adjusted based on


the usage of cell resources.

Benefits

When the traffic volume in a cell is low, calls are handed over from half-rate
channels to full-rate channels to improve the communication quality. When the
TCHs in a cell are insufficient, calls are handed over from full-rate channels to
half-rate channels to expand the cell capacity.

Implementation

Determine whether to perform rate adjustment based on the result of the


measurement reports and the cell load.

Related Operations

Initiate handovers between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH. (handover II)

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Guaranteed Emergency Call


Feature Description

In the cells with heavy traffic, the emergency call procedure is enhanced to
improve the success rate of emergency call establishment.

Benefits

The success rate of emergency call establishment is guaranteed when the


traffic in the network is heavy.

Implementation

To ensure that an MS initiating an emergency call can be assigned a TCH,


TCHs are preferred in TCH immediate assignment and the channel mode is
modified in service assignment. If no TCH is available in immediate
assignment, an SDCCH is assigned to the emergency call and channel
preemption is enabled. If a channel is successfully preempted, the channel is
reserved for the emergency call and then assigned to the emergency call in
service assignment. Thus, even if in the network with the heaviest traffic, the
success rate of emergency call establishment can be maximized.

Related Operations

Configure the priority of emergency calls and the number of reserved channels.

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Network Support SAIC


Feature Description

A series of anti-interference technologies uniformly called the SAIC are


introduced for the MS with a single antenna. Compared with the common MS,
the MS supporting the SAIC has stronger anti-interference capability. The
network can modify the power control policy as required to reduce the transmit
power of the BTSs, thus reducing the interference in the entire network.

Benefits

This function can bring the following benefits:


Reducing the interference in the entire network
Expanding the network capacity
Reducing the transmit power of the BTS
Saving the energy

Implementation

In downlink power control, the network checks whether the MS supports the
SAIC. If the MS supports the SAIC, the network decreases the upper downlink
quality threshold and the lower downlink quality threshold according to the
Huawei III power control algorithm; the network increases the upper downlink
quality threshold and the lower downlink quality threshold according to the
Huawei II power control algorithm.

Related Operations

Configure the power control threshold adjust for SAIC parameter used for
Huawei II Power Control Algorithm or Huawei III Power Control Algorithm.
This feature should be supported by the BTS3012 and the BTS in later
versions.

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Connection Inter BSC over IP


Feature Description

The IP-based BSC interconnection allows the telecom operators to use an IP


network to connect BSCs. Therefore, the BSCs can communicate with each
other directly.

Benefits

The BSC interconnection provides a direct transmission path between BSCs


and the transmission path can be used by such functions as IBCA to exchange
information (for example, radio network status) between BSCs.

Implementation

According to the SCCP, M3UA, and SCTP protocols, provide the inter-BSC IPbased reliable signaling transmission path.

Related Operations

Configure the M3UA destination entity, M3UA link set, M3UA route, and M3UA
link whose SCCP system number is 143.

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Public Voice Group Call Service


Feature Description

The public voice group call service is one of the fundamental trunking services.
It enables point-to-multipoint communication in half-duplex mode. In addition,
there is no limitation to the number of one VGCS calls members and group
members in a cell can share the same group channel

Benefits

Improving the efficiency of channel utilization.

Implementation

The public voice group call service (VGCS) adopts the half-duplex mode. It
allows a group member to originate a call to other group members in a
predefined service area. The group members are also predefined, who can be
a fixed dispatcher, a mobile dispatcher, or a mobile service subscriber. There is
no limitation to the number of listeners in such a group; however, at a specific
moment only one subscriber in the VGCS group can speak by pressing the
PTT button to seize the uplink while others are listeners. Any authorized
dispatcher can be a speaker at any time during the group call, while a
maximum of five dispatchers are allowed to speak concurrently.
With the minimum unit of a cell, a VGCS area is defined upon the
subscription( ). The VGCS area can be served by
different BSCs, MSCs, or even the entire network. Only one VGCS channel
can be assigned to each related cell during a call. All the group members in the
cell share the downlink channel and access the uplink channel by pressing the
PTT button.
The MS that originates a group call must be a group member or a registered
and authorized dispatcher.

Related Operations

Configure the GSM-R parameters of the cell.


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Talker Identification
Feature Description

Like the function of Caller ID Display, Talker Identification allows that the telephone
number (or the subscriber name in the phonebook) and the priority of the current
speaker are displayed in real time on the MSs in the public voice group call service
(VGCS).

Benefits

The Talker Identification function is an extra trunking service in the public network. It
enriches the fundamental trunking services. Through this function, the telephone
number (or subscriber name) and the priority of the talking MS are displayed on the
other MSs in the VGCS group; therefore, the trunking subscribers can obtain the
information on the talking MS in the VGCS call and the evidence to determine whether
to enable PTT preemption in the group.

Implementation

When the talking MS seizes the uplink channel, the first complete Layer 3 message
carries the ID of this MS. The MSC obtains the MSISDN and priority of the MS in the
group through the MS ID, and then sends a Talk Information message to the BSS on
the SCCP connection. The Talk Information message carries the MSISDN and priority
of the current talking MS, and the information element indicating the display of the
talker information.
During the speech of the talking MS, the BSS periodically broadcasts the Talk
Information message on all channels used for VGCS and displays the MSISDN (or the
subscriber name in the phonebook) and the priority of the talking MS in the group.
After the speech, the MSC sends a Talk Information message to the BSS on the
SCCP connection. The Talk Information carries the information element indicating the
clearing of the displayed information of the talking MS. The BSS broadcasts the Talk
Information message on all channels for VGCS. After the MSs in the group receive
the message, the displayed information of the talker is cleared.

Related Operations

The core network enables or disables the talker identification function.


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Group Call EMLPP


Feature Description

The Group Call EMLPP (enhanced Multi-Severity Precedence and Preemption) allows the
VGCS (public Voice Group Call Service) network to use different strategies based on multilevel precedence and preemption when the network resources are insufficient in order to
ensure the normal connection of the high level subscribers. The strategies consist of
preemption, queuing, and directed retry.

Benefits

The eMLPP is one of the most fundamental trunking services. It allows diverse strategies for
different subscribers according to their subscriptions in the HLR. Especially the eMLPP
ensures the precedence of the calls with high priority levels during busy hours or in case of
channel congestion in urban areas. When channels are congested, the eMLPP allows
queuing and directed retry of the calls with low priority; thus the MSs with low priorities can
obtain services as much as possible. Therefore, the eMLPP benefits subscribers with
different priorities and improves the user satisfaction in the entire VGCS network.

Implementation

When congestion occurs in a cell enabled with eMLPP and the BSC receives an assignment
request or handover request from the MSC, the BSC uses the strategies in the sequence of
preemption, queuing, and directed retry.
If the priority of the current call to be set up is high, the BSC performs forced handover on
the connected call with the lowest priority. If the forced handover is successful, the current
call with high priority preempts the channel released by the call with the lowest priority. If the
forced handover fails, the BSC forces the call with the lowest priority to release the channel,
and assigns the released channel to the current call.
If the priority of the current call to be set up is low, network resources cannot be preempted.
If queuing is allowed, the MSC puts the call into a queue according to its priority level from
the highest to the lowest. When resources are released and the priority of the current call is
the highest in the queue, the current call seizes the released resources. If directed retry is
allowed, the BSC originates directed retry on the current call when the current call does not
obtain resources after waiting more than four seconds in the queue. Then the BSC hands
over the call to neighbor cells. If direct retry is not allowed, the call is released when the call
does not obtain resources after waiting more than eight seconds in the queue.

Related Operations

Configure the eMLPP priority in the GSM-R parameters of the cell.


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Fast Group Call Setup


Feature Description

On some special occasions, the time of setting up group calls needs to be shortened
in order to ensure high dispatching efficiency in the VGCS (public Voice Group Call
Service) network. To shorten the time of setting up group calls, the signaling process
for establishing group calls and the related data configurations are optimized.

Benefits

High dispatching efficiency on some special occasions is ensured and the


requirements for fast dispatching services by associated industries and departments
are fulfilled.

Implementation

If the fast group call setup mode is adopted, the SABM frame (the first complete Layer
3 message) contains the IMMEDIATE SETUP message when an MS originates the
group call. Thus, the subsequent SETUP process can be omitted and the time of
setting up group calls is shortened. By using the "Immediate TCH Assignment" and
"Immediate Assignment Optimization" signaling procedures, the BSS optimizes the
channel assignment procedure.
Additionally, the signaling interworking process between the BSC and the BTS, before
the BSS sends the immediate assignment command to the MS, is simplified.
Meanwhile, the bandwidth of the traffic channel (TCH) is far greater than that of the
SDCCH; therefore, the MS sets up a link on the TCH in an easier and faster way.
The Network Subsystem (NSS) judges the data configuration of the group call
subscription after receiving a request for setting up a group call from the MS. If the
priority level of the group call subscription is set to fast group call setup, the NSS
quickens the setup of group calls by cutting down signaling processes such as
authentication, encryption, and TMSI reallocation.

Related Operations

Enable or disable the immediate VGCS setup function.

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Group Call Reliability Enhancing


Feature Description

Huawei GBSS public network trunking has the functions of fallback and checking the
resources of VGCS (public Voice Group Call Service) to ensure the reliability of the
applications of VGCS.

Benefits

This function can improve the reliability for the public voice group call service.

Implementation

Fallback: After the transmission between the BTS and the BSC is interrupted, the BTS
works in fallback mode and provides basic VGCS services. The basic VGCS services
consist of voice group call service, and timed calling. A single cell or several cells can
be configured under a BTS. The BTS automatically works in normal mode after the
transmission recovers.
In fallback mode, if the fixed originating group call is configured, transmission is
interrupted. Then, the BTS immediately originates fixed group calls. The MS can
occupy the uplink group channel but cannot stop group calls. If the fixed originating
group call is not configured, the MS can originate group calls.
Checking resources: If the BSS works abnormally, the BTS may periodically send
notification messages even if the group call is over. In this case, a user's mobile
phone responds continuously but cannot access this public voice group call service.
To avoid the occurrence of exceptions, the BSC and the BTS check the resources of
the public voice group call service periodically and eliminate inconsistent the
notifications for the public voice group call service.
The BSC uses the mechanism of scheduled check instead of scheduled BTS
reporting so that the BSC does not receive a large number of the group calls check
messages simultaneously and CPU load is not added.

Related Operations

Configure the fallback-related parameters.


Configure the Group Call Check parameter.

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Late Group Channel Assignment


Feature Description

When one the group call is established, radio resources are not allocated. If
the users exist under a cell, the MS initiates the notification response
procedure towards the BSC after the MS receives notification messages.
Through the notification response procedure, the corresponding channels are
assigned to the cell.

Benefits

If the cell does not have the group subscribers, no group channel is assigned
to the cell. Therefore, the late group channel assignment function features the
following:
Economizing radio channel resources
Increasing the usage of frequency resources
Reducing the congestion rate of radio channels during busy hours
Enhancing the network service quality and system capacity

Implementation

The late group channel assignment function applies with a large group call
area. When the group call is set up, its channels are assigned to the cells
which have the group subscribers. If the cell does not have any group
subscriber, no group channel is assigned to it until at least one group
subscriber enters the cell.

Related Operations

The core network enables or disables the Delayed Assignment of VGCS


Channel function.

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Single Channel Group Call Originating


Feature Description

One TCH is saved during the VGCS (public Voice Group Call Service) call
originating procedure when the single channel group call originating function is
realized.

Benefits

When a group call is originated, the originating cell needs only one TCH, thus
increasing the usage of frequency resources, reducing the congestion rate of
TCHs during busy hours, and enhancing the network service quality.

Implementation

Normally, the MSC sends the ASSIGNMENT REQUEST to the speaker so that
the speaker can use the dedicated TCH and VGCS ASSIGNMENT REQUEST
to establish the channels required in the cell. That is, the BSC allocates the MS
originating the group call to a dedicated TCH for speech communication.
Meanwhile, a new TCH is allocated for the VGCS.
If the MS originating the group call terminates the call after five seconds, the
MS originating the group call is regarded as the speaker to be assigned to
allocated channels and the TCH is released. If MS originating the group call
terminates the call within five seconds, the MS is regarded as the listener to be
assigned to allocated channels and the TCH allocated for the MS is released.
Therefore, two TCHs are occupied when the MS initiates the group call.

Related Operations

The core network enables or disables the Single Channel Originated VGCS
function.

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Public Voice Broadcast Service


Feature Description

Support public voice broadcast Service.

Benefits

The VBS is one of the most fundamental trunking services and is used on
special occasions. When a VBS call is originated, the originator can ensure the
speaking right without pressing the PTT button, which is comfortable for the
speaker.

Implementation

During the VBS voice broadcast service call, only the originator can speak
and the other service subscribers (except the dispatchers) can only listen.
During the VGCS call, however, the dispatcher and other common mobile
members in the group can speak. The difference between VGCS and
VBS
The originator of the VBS call can speak without pressing the PTT button,
while during the VGCS call any group member, even the originator, requires to
press the PTT button before and during the speaking.
The MS originating the VBS call can terminate the call after pressing the onhook key. For one VGCS call, the BSC/BTS does not release VGCS channels
within a certain period after uplink links are released.

Related Operations

Configure the GSM-R parameters of the cell.

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Late Broadcast Channel Assignment


Feature Description

VBS channel assignment can be delayed, so that radio channel resources are
saved.

Benefits

This function improves the usage of TRXs and reduces customer investment.

Implementation

When the group broadcast is set up, its channels are assigned to the cells
which have the group subscribers. If the cell does not have any group
subscriber, no group channel is assigned to it until at least one group
subscriber enters the cell.

Related Operations

The core network enables or disables the Delayed Assignment of VBS Channel
function.

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Group Call Traffic Statistics


Feature Description

The Huawei GBSS provides group call/group broadcast traffic statistics


counters at both BSC and cell levels. The counters comprehensively measure
such services as group call/group broadcast channel assignment, group call
uplink seizure, and group call channel switching.

Benefits

This function helps the users to know the running status of the network.

Implementation

The counters comprehensively measure such services as group call/group


broadcast channel assignment, group call uplink seizure, and group call
channel switching.

Related Operations

The counters are registered on the M2000.

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Group Call/Group Broadcast Signaling Tracing


Feature Description

The Huawei GBSS performs real-time tracing, update suspension, message


saving, and message review on group call/group broadcast messages. These
operations help the maintenance personnel to accurately locate and
troubleshoot the group call/group broadcast problems.

Benefits

This function helps enhance the system maintainability.

Implementation

Tracing group call/group broadcast messages on A/Abis/Um interface: The


group call/group broadcast messages can be interpreted during message
tracing on the interfaces.
Tracing messages by group: Messages can be traced according to group call
REFERENCE (comprising 5-bit group call area ID and 3-bit group ID).
Messages can be filtered on the basis of group call/group broadcast type and
interface type (A/Abis/Um).

Related Operations

Create the corresponding message tracing on the LMT.

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Enhanced Channel Assignment Algorithm


Feature Description

Preferentially Allocating Channels on Main BCCH Carrier for Non-AMR Speech


Services

Benefits

For MSs that support the AMR speech, allocate the channels on the carriers in
tight frequency reuse mode to improve the average speech quality in the
network.

Implementation

In a tight frequency reuse network, loose frequency reuse mode, such as 4x3
pattern, is applied to the main BCCH carrier; tight frequency reuse mode, such
as 1x3 pattern, is applied to the TCH carrier. The non-AMR speech (including
FR, EFR, and HR) is more susceptible to interference than the AMR speech.
Therefore, if the network supports the AMR speech, for MSs that do not
support the AMR speech, preferentially allocate the channels on the carriers in
loose frequency reuse mode, such as the main BCCH carrier.

Related Operations

Configure Non-AMR User Allocate Loose Frequency Reuse Mode Trx


Preference to Yes.

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BTS Test Function


Feature Description

Voltage Standing Wave Ratio detection

Benefits

The VSWR detection function enables the BTS under the remote control to
measure the VSWR without using any specialized tools, and thus saves cost
considering that there is no need for the maintenance personnel to conduct the
test on site.

Implementation

All the maintenance personnel need to do is to send a VSWR detection


command to the BSC through the M2000 or MML client. The BSC then
forwards the command to the BTS. The BTS configures the test mode and then
carries out the VSWR test. After that, the BTS restores to the work mode. After
the test, the BSC reports the test result to the M2000 or MML client. On the
M2000, you can perform VSWR tests in batches. The precision of the VSWR is
with a plus or minus 0.2 deviation compared to the VSWR obtained by using
the specialized tool.

Related Operations

Run the MML command STR VSWRTEST to enable the VSWR detection
function.

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PS single user tracing


Feature Description

Support PS single user tracing.

Benefits

Improves the efficiency of problem solving and facilitates the locating of one
single user problems.

Implementation

The corresponding users identification, such as IMSI, P-TMSI, or TLLI is


needed. The host decodes the signaling of each call. If the signaling
information matches the identification information of the user to be traced, the
host would send the signaling to the OMC to display.

Related Operations

On the LMT, enable the Trace PS User Message function.

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Support for different FH type in overlaid/underlaid subcells


Feature Description

Support for different FH type parameters used by TRXs in overlaid/underlaid


subcells

Benefits

This helps to obtain a higher FH gain.

Implementation

The FH type is no longer one cell-level parameter. In a cell, different TRXs or


timeslots may use different FH types. Under normal conditions, in the underlaid
subcell there are fewer frequency resources and the BBH would be set; in the
overlaid subcell there are more frequency resources and the RF FH type would
be set.

Related Operations

Configure the frequency hopping mode and the MA group in the cell attributes.
Enable the cell to support hybrid frequency hopping.

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Forced EFR Function enabled in BSC


Feature Description

Forced EFR Function enabled in BSC

Benefits

This function is mainly applied in the areas with poor speech quality.

Implementation

Provided that the EFR function can help improve the speech quality and both
the MS and the BSC support the EFR function, the EFR function can be
forcedly enabled on the BSC side if EFR is unavailable because the MSC does
not support it. In this case, EFR should be shielded on the MSC side to avoid
assignment failure or handover failure.

Related Operations

Configure the Cell EFR Forced Switch parameter.

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Support for the TFO function of AMR


Feature Description

Support for the TFO function of AMR

Benefits

Improve the transmission quality of AMR.

Implementation

Support for the TFO function of AMR

Related Operations

Support for the TFO function of AMR

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Enhanced anti-interference capability of signaling transmission


Feature Description

Enhanced anti-interference capability of signaling transmission

Benefits

This can avoid voice interruption due to signaling transmission under bad radio
environment.

Implementation

The transmit power is compensated during signaling transmission to increase


the success rate of signaling transmission.

Related Operations

None

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Support for TCH/AHS 7.95 kbit/s


Feature Description

Support for TCH/AHS 7.95 kbit/s

Benefits

Support for TCH/AHS 7.95 kbit/s

Implementation

Support for TCH/AHS 7.95 kbit/s

Related Operations

Configure the AMR half-rate speech coding set in the cell call control
parameters so that 7.95 kbit/s is supported.

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