Anatomy

of the Cervical Spine
Physician Name
Physician Institution
Date

Cervical Spine Anatomy
• Primary function
• Mobility, support, and
protection of spinal canal
and neural structures

Cervical Spine Anatomy 1 2 • Vertebrae (7) • Intervertebral discs (6) • Pairs of exiting nerve roots (8) 3 4 5 6 7 • Cervical lordosis OccC7 averages 40° • Most of the lordosis occurs at the C1-C2 segment .

and lateral bending occur segmentally between C2-C7 . rotation.Cervical Spine Anatomy • • • Approximately 50% of flexion-extension motion occurs at occiput-C1 Approximately 50% of rotation occurs at C1-C2 Lesser amounts of flexionextension.

Cervical Spine Anatomy .

Cervical Spine Anatomy Inferior Superior • • • • • • • • Occipital condyles • Foramen magnum Atypical vertebral structure C1 (atlas) Vertebral canal/foramen Anterior arch Anterior tubercle Transverse process Posterior arch Transverse foramen Lateral mass .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Occiput-C1 segment • The occiput-C1 joints are synovial joints comprising the convex occipital condyles. which articulate with the concave lateral masses of C1 .

and the absence of an intervertebral disc . ligamentous constraints.Cervical Spine Anatomy • Occiput-C1 segment • Motion at the occiputC1 segment is restricted primarily to flexion-extension due to bony structures.

Cervical Spine Anatomy anterior view posterior view • Atypical cervical • vertebra C2 (axis) • Odontoid process or dens • Vertebral canal/foramen • Facet joints • Transverse process • Transverse foramen • Bifid spinous process • Lamina .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • The odontoid process of the axis (C2) extends cranially to form the axis of rotation with atlas (C1) .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • C1-C2 segment • The primary motion at the C1-C2 joint is rotation .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • C1-C2 segment • The primary motion at the C1-C2 joint is rotation .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • The cervical spine also features a complex arrangement of ligaments to supplement its structure and mobility .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • Anterior longitudinal ligament • Posterior longitudinal ligament • Ligamentum flavum • Intertransverse ligaments • Interspinous ligaments • Ligamentum nuchae .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • Anterior longitudinal ligament • Posterior longitudinal ligament • Ligamentum flavum • Intertransverse ligaments • Interspinous ligaments • Ligamentum nuchae .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • Anterior longitudinal ligament • Posterior longitudinal ligament • Ligamentum flavum • Intertransverse ligaments • Interspinous ligaments • Ligamentum nuchae .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • Anterior longitudinal ligament • Posterior longitudinal ligament • Ligamentum flavum • Intertransverse ligaments • Interspinous ligaments • Ligamentum nuchae .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • Anterior longitudinal ligament • Posterior longitudinal ligament • Ligamentum flavum • Intertransverse ligaments • Interspinous ligaments • Ligamentum nuchae .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Ligaments • Anterior longitudinal ligament • Posterior longitudinal ligament • Ligamentum flavum • Intertransverse ligaments • Interspinous ligaments • Ligamentum nuchae .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Neural elements • 8 pair of cervical nerves • Exit the spinal canal superior to the vertebrae for which they are numbered • C1 nerves exit the canal between Occ & C1 • C2 nerves exit the canal between C1 & C2 • C8 nerves exit the canal between C7 & T1 .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Arteries • Carotid arteries • Located anterior and bilateral to the spine • Vertebral arteries • Enter the transverse foramen at C6 and continue through C1 .

Cervical Spine Anatomy • Veins • Jugular veins • Located bilateral and anterior to the spine. • Vertebral veins • Located within the transverse foramen of C1-C7 .

Cervical Spine Anatomy Neural and Circulatory Elements .