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• Writing every day lets you see your grammar clearly in
front of you, express your ideas, and use a non-oral method
in communicate in English. Then read the corrected
version out loud.
• It is a good idea to re-copy the corrected journal too, so
that you will have the experience of writing your ideas
down in proper English.

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• Guess What The Word Probably Means. And Check In Your Dictionary At The End Of The Page Or Chapter. You Create A Picture In Your Imagination That Will Connected Different Parts Of Your Brain To English. Continue Reading. Find A Book That Is Not Too Difficult. Energise Involve Enable .READ A BOOK • By Reading A Story. • Do Not Stop Every Time You Find A New Word.

Energise Involve Enable . making it easier to study. • It will also make your notebook neater. • Writing your notes a second time will allow you to remember more strongly what you study.Re-write your class notes every day.

• Even if you don’t understand everything. • It is possible to understand the content even if you know only 30% of the words that you hear! • Your listening ability will improve day by day-and it’s fun! Energise Involve Enable . AND LISTEN TO THE RADIO. you will still be learning.WATCH TV AND MOVIES.

In the midle of the page. Energise Involve Enable . Hint – approach new words by subject: things connected to your hobies. 10 words a day would bring you over than 280 new words a month. etc. to your interests etc.KEEP A VOCABULARY NOTEBOOK IN A SEPARATE NOTEBOOK FROM YOUR CLASS NOTES • • • • • • • • • • • • Take an active approach to learning new vocabulary. adjective (adj). so that you will know how to use the word. 6 days a week. Look the word up in an English-English dictionary. If you find 5 words a day. This will help you learn how to use the word correctly. verb (v). Copy a sentence from the dictionary. When you find the English word. Do it this way: Think of a word you know in your language. Write the English definition on the right side of the the page (or on the next page). write it down on the left side of your vocabulary note book. Look it up in your dictionary. write down if the word is a noun (n). you will learn about 140 new words a month. Practice reading this sentence untll it becomes natural for you.

• If you want to speak English better in the future.SPEAK LOTS OF ENGLISH WITH YOUR FRINDS • You improve your spoken English by speaking English in different situations with people of all nationalities. speak it as much as possible now! Energise Involve Enable .

• Practice saying the second sentence every day. my English is getting better and better” are also correct. • What you think is what you get. • People who say “Every day in every way. • Remember: the more fun you have with English.THINK POSITIVELY • People who say “I can’t speak English well” are corrected.the easier it will be to learn ENJOY Energise Involve Enable . and you will see greater improvement in your English and in your confidence.

English Grammar In Easy Way Energise Involve Enable .

Preview • • • • • • • • Definitions Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Energise Involve Enable • • • • • • • • • • Interjections Determiners Subordinators Interrogatives Qualifiers Sentence combinations Yes/no questions Information questions Punctuation rules Capitalization rules .

Grammar • DEFINITION The grammar of a language is a complex of systems that may be analyzed and studied on these three levels: (Noam Chomsky’s UG) 1. Syntax (how single units of meaning are combined to form words. Energise Involve Enable . Phonology (set of sounds/ symbols) 2. Morphology (combinations of sounds that carry single units of meaning) 3. phrases and sentences.

Betty. Collectible (group nouns) 6. Basic English Grammar) Energise Involve Enable (Nouns) .Parts of speech • Nouns 1.1996. Definition Proper / common Singular / plural (annex) Count / non-count /abstract (annex) (how much – how many) 5. 3. Units of measurement (Reference: Schramper Azar. 2. 4.

or an action. (American Heritage Dictionary. quality.special or particular name given to common nouns to distinguish them from others of the same kind. place. Ref. concept. object. thing.woman proper Martha Energise Involve Enable a country Puerto Rico A person Carlos Ryder Hospital Proper Nouns a pet Puppy many others a place a day Monday a monument The Statue of Liberty .Definition (proper and common nouns) • Nouns – words used to name a person. 2001) • Proper Nouns. idea. Example: common.

Proper and common nouns COMMON PROPER COMMON PROPER day Saturday associations Members Club month October movies Titanic mountain El Yunque planets Neptune river The Amazon city San Juan ocean Pacific Ocean historical periods Middle Ages book Applied Linguistic language Spanish newspaper New York Times nationality Puerto Rican religion Catholic School course English 101 brand of product Cadillac institutions University of Puerto Rico Energise Involve Enable .

1 (Add –s to the end of noun) cup student cups students • Rule No.Nouns (singular and plural) • Rule No.2 consonants before “y” change –y to i and add –es city -cities party.parties lady-ladies • Rule No.3 vowels before “y” add –s boy –boys key –keys day -days Energise Involve Enable .

) • Rule No. ch. ss endings) add –es bush –bushes match –matches box -boxes kiss -kisses • Rule No. 5 (sh. 4 (–f and –fe endings) change the –f or –fe to v and –es life –lives wife –wives thief –thieves • Rule No. x.Singular and plural (cont. 6 (consonant + o) add –es (vowel +o) –s tomato –tomatoes radio radios Energise Involve Enable .

City • She lost the _____ of the car and the house! Country • _____ rides horses in Texas. Dictionary • People carry their food on _____ at the cafeteria. Tray • Good evening _____ and gentleman. Key • On Saturday nights. I like to go to _______.PRACTICE EXERCISES USE THE PLURAL FORM TO FILL IN THE BLANKS. Boy • Women give birth to _______. cowboy Energise Involve Enable . Party • We must bring ______ to the English class. (PROVIDED LIST) • They have one girl and two ______. Lady • Madrid and Paris are beautiful _______. Baby • I visited many _______ last year.

roses. desks. es is pronounced /ez/ after “s” sounds (classes. sandwiches) after “ge/dge” sounds (pages. days. etc. years.) • Group B Final –s is pronounced /s/ after voiceless sounds (books. bridges. etc. balls. dogs. boxes.• Pronunciation of plurals (s / Group A Final –s is pronouncedes) /z/ after voiced sounds (taxicabs. ages. noises) after “sh” sounds (dishes. groups. bushes) after “ch” sounds (matches. students. boys. horses. faces) after “z” sounds (sizes.) • Group C Final –s. cups. edges) Energise Involve Enable . beds. trees. cats.

Irregular plural forms (exceptions) • • • • • • • • Child children Foot feet Man men Woman women Mouse mice Tooth teeth Fish fish _____ people (is always plural) (no s) Energise Involve Enable .

Count and noncount. music. rice. nouns • Count nouns a book one book books two books some books a lot of books many books a few books • Non-count nouns money some money a lot of money much money a little money Energise Involve Enable • Common non-count nouns advice. water. work. food. love. sugar. sand. peace. liquids abstracts food gases materials (paper) general . weather. money. luck information. bread. meat. traffic. furniture. milk. cheese. mail. homework. coffee. oil.

NON-COUNT) Chair Traffic Music Work Furniture Cars Coffee Water Coin Fact Library Jewelry Money Information Peace Rings Letters Homework Justice mail assignment job Energise Involve Enable Advice sugar .ORAL PRACTICE (COUNT VS.

Pronouns • Definition • Personal pronouns (subjectobject) • Possessive adjectives • Possessive pronouns • Reflexive • Indefinite • Interrogative • Demonstrative • Relative • reciprocal Energise Involve Enable .

• • • • • Verbs (verb tenses /conjugation) Definition Regular Irregular verbs Spelling / pronunciation Conjugation (annex-practice) • Auxiliary verbs/ modals (annex) • Infinitives • Gerunds Energise Involve Enable .

Verbs Regular/ Irregular/ verb tenses Regular verbs (d or ed endings) /d/ sound pronunciation /t/ sound pronunciation /ed/ pronunciation Energise Involve Enable .

Irregular verbs • Three forms • Two forms • One form Energise Involve Enable .

it Works We Work You Work they work .Verb conjugation • Simple present tense Energise Involve Enable I Work You Work He. she.

she.Verb tenses • Simple past Energise Involve Enable I Worked You Worked He. it Worked We Worked You Worked they Worked .

Energise Involve Enable . She is going to work next week. she. They are going to work on Sunday.Verb tenses • Simple future I will work • Another way to express the simple future You will work He. it will work We will work You will work they will work I am going to work tomorrow.

Present progressive I am working right now. You are working. it is working. He. You are working. They are working. We are working. she. Energise Involve Enable .

she. They were working last Monday. You were working last week. You were working yesterday. We were working a few hours ago. it was working last summer.Past progressive (continuous) I was working last night. Energise Involve Enable . He.

We will be working tonight. They will be working next semester. You will be working this afternoon. she. He. it will be working next weekend. You will be working next summer.Future progressive (continuous) I will be working tomorrow. Energise Involve Enable .

Adjectives • Definition • Articles as adjectives • Order of adjectives in a series (color..) • Past participles / gerunds used as adjectives • Comparatives and superlatives comparisons (annex-practice) Energise Involve Enable . etc. origin. shape. age. nationalities. size.

Adverbs • • • • • Definition Adverbs of frequency (annex) Adverbs of time Adverbs of location (place) Adverbs of mode Energise Involve Enable .

Prepositions • Definition • IN. ON and AT (annex – time and location) • All prepositions • Transitional expressions (prep. Phrases-annex) Energise Involve Enable .

Conjunctions • • • • • • Definition Correlative conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions Subordinate conjunctions Conjunctive adverbs Other subordinators (annex) Energise Involve Enable .

Interjections and other words • Definition and examples • Onomatopoeias • Numerals (cardinals. ordinals) • Determiners • Qualifiers • Subordinators • interrogatives Energise Involve Enable .

Capitalization Rules (annex) Punctuation Rules (annex) Sentence Combinations YES/NO questions Information questions Energise Involve Enable .

• THANK YOU AND KEEP GOING Energise Involve Enable .