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Process Measurement & Control Solutions

Non-Nuclear. Solid Flow Meter .MPFM-050 A Novel Multiphase.

µMotion & OW-201 in Duri Installation in Indonesia Agar OW-201 for Watercut. and Coriolis for mass flow 5 .


i. across all multiphase flow regimes. multiphase flow and wet-gas regimes. The Agar MPFM50 is based on a coriolis flow meter which is modified to work across the entire Gas Volume Fraction (GVF) from 0 – 100%. compact. portable multiphase flow meter (MPFM) that is the newest addition to the stable of excellent multiphase meters provided by Agar for over 20 years. The coriolis meter described above is not off-the-shelf and certain modifications have been made mechanically and to the electronics which enabled it to continue performing in multi-phase flow and measure the density and flow rate of the multi-phase fluid mixture accurately using Agar proprietary advanced fluid dynamical models. Introduction The AGAR MPFM-50 is a low cost. . and ancillary sensors such as the Agar water-cut meter which is based on microwave technology and has the ability to measure 0-100% water-cut.1.e.

Agar MPFM-50 Design Approach  No nuclear radioactive source  No moving parts  Handles full range of flow regimes  No phase separation .

or pH.1 and B31.2. wavy. The accuracies are not affected by changes in salinity. The oil and water flow rates can be measured to within ±1% FSL±3% R and the gas flow rate to within ±2% FSG±5% R with 2 sigma confidence. The general specifications of the MPFM-50 are given below. Ceramic Isolators .g. density. FSL is the liquid full scale which for a 2 inch unit is 5000 BBL/day (800 m 3/day). According to ASME B31. Hastelloy. temperature. General Specifications The table below gives the general specifications of the MPFM. General Specifications of MPFM-50 Gas Void Fraction Water Cut Flow Regimes Pressure Ambient Temperature Process Temperature Liquid Viscosity 0 to 100% 0 to 100% All: (e.1-2000 cP Salinity 0 to 20% NaCl by weight (up to saturation) Sand/Particulate Up to 5% by volume and less than 1mm particle size Max Pressure Drop Less than 15 PSI (1 bar) Wetted Parts Standard: 316 Stainless Steel.3. viscosity. bubbly. PEEK. annular.1-30 cP High Viscosity Model: 0. pressure. slug. and other materials available on special order. etc.) Up to 2500# -4°F to 160°F (-20°C to 70°C) Optional Low Temp -40°F to 160°F (-40°C to 70°C) Standard Model 32°F to 212°F (0°C to 100°C) High Temp Model 32°F to 450°F (0°C to 232°C) Low Viscosity Model: 0. Table 1.

power. Also. is that bulk density is less sensitive to changes in slip (velocity difference) between gas and liquid. We also measure the coriolis twist of the tubes which. Adding another independent flow measurement sub-system increases the number of equations and allows a wider band of flow conditions to be used. Schematic and Operating Principle The operating principle of the MPFM-50 is that we measure the bulk density and flow of a multi-phase flow stream in real-time. . A coriolis meter is used to measure the density of the fluid flowing through it by measuring the natural frequency of oscillation of the tubes inside it. and use simultaneous equations to correct for the slip which is common in both. the advantage of measuring bulk density as opposed to spot density.g. We measure the power and frequency of the coriolis driving circuit to obtain two equations. is proportional to the mass flow rate. The MPFM is described by means of the arrangement sketched in Figure 1. such as the measurement of density over a crosssection of the pipe. We make additional measurements e. viscosity to increase the accuracy.3. in general.

Mv= f3(ΔP. 4) ρm = f4(ω). 5) ρm = ρG*GVF + ρL(1 – GVF). εG. mixture of oil+water+gas Slip between flow liquid (L) and gas (G). differential pressure across the venturi. frequency of oscillation of the tubes. 7) 8) WC = f5(εw. S). 2) MC = f2(TWIST. specific gravity of gas. Supercompressability of the gas. ρG = Sg*P/Tz.Fundamental Equations 1) 3) MVenturi = MCoriolis . 6) ρL = ρwWC + ρO(1 – WC). ρm. εO. GVF). S). Water/Liquid volume ratio. Where: M= m= S= ω= ΔP = GVF = Sg = WC = Z= ρ= Fluid Mass Flow. density . Gas Void Fraction.

QG .Pstraight pipe  f 6 (  . QG . QO .  . T ) Twist  f 2 (  . T ) Pinlet  throat  f 4 (  . S . T )   f 1 (  . QO . QW . S . QW . P .  . QW . QG . S . QO . T ) ε  f 5 (  . P . P . S . S . Schematic of MPFM-50 . QO . QG . P . QW . T ) Figure 1. QO . S . QW . T ) Power  f 3 (  . QO .  .  . P .  . QW . QG . QG . P .  .

 .  . P. 4 Pinlet throat  f 4 (  . QO . such as a venturi meter or an orifice plate shown in Figure 1. QO is the volumetric flow rate of the oil. QW . T ) . and  is the flow averaged viscosity of the liquid. P. S . QW is the volumetric flow rate of the water. QO . QW .3   f1 (  . ρ is the density of the mixture.Eqn. Obviously. T ) Twist  f 2 (  .2 Eqn. we use another meter. QW . T ) In the above equations. QG .1 Eqn. S . QO . The pressure drop from the inlet of the venturi to the throat also depends on the slip. T ) Power  f 3 (  . one cannot solve for 8 unknowns with only 3 equations. QG . S . S .  . QG . QG is the volumetric flow rate of the gas. S is the slip ratio. P. as given in the Fourth equation Eqn. P. QG .  . QO . QW . To arrive at additional equations.

QW . S . T. density. and gas flow rates. QG . and water-cut. We therefore need a Sixth equation if the viscosity is changing drastically. and contributes significantly to the errors in flow measurement. P. S . QG .5 ε  f 5 (  . P.  .6 Pstraight pipe  f 6 (  .  . QO . T ) We measure the line pressure. water.The fifth equation is obtained from the water-cut meter. We measure viscosity by measuring the pressure-drop across a short straight section of the piping. QW . . QO . to convert the flow rates measured at line conditions to those at standard conditions. variation in viscosity (µ) influences slip (S). The Agar water-cut meter measures the complex dielectric of the fluid and we use the Bruggeman’s equation to determine the concentrations of oil and water in the liquid. The above system of nonlinear simultaneous equations is solved in order to arrive at the flow rates. Eqn. P. T ) As noted in the introduction. and use this to compensate for the errors introduced due to varying viscosity Eqn. and temperature. which is connected in tandem with the coriolis and the venturi meters to measure the water cut and thus compute the oil. among other variables.

and for comparison we have also plotted the theoretical no-slip density curve.e. i. increase the GVF. The close agreement between the measured density and the theoretical no-slip density across the entire GVF range and at different liquid flow rates indicates the robustness of the slip measurement procedure and is note worthy. by flowing Salt Water with a density of 1020 kg/m^3 at a steady flow rate.4. We start the test. At the start of the test only salt water is flowing through the meter and there is no air. . Results from Lab Tests: In this section. Figure 2 shows the density of the mixture as a function of Gas Volume Fraction (GVF). thus the GVF is 0% and we slowly increase the amount of air. using the new electronics and the algorithm as described in previous sections. As GVF increases the mixture density decreases. we present some results obtained from laboratory tests conducted in the Agar Flow Loop. We plot the density measured by the coriolis.

    Twist       Power    P    inlet throat          Pstraight pipe   A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16  A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26  A31 A32 A33 A34 A35 A36  A41 A42 A43 A44 A45 A46  A51 A52 A53 A54 A55 A56   A61 A62 A63 A64 A65    Q  G         QO  A66   QW   S       .

Gas Volume Fraction. measured by the Agar MPFM_Vertical Installation .Figure 2. Density of Mixture vs.

we rely on an electronic signal from the coriolis meter which is very sensitive to the presence of gas. This signal enables us to measure the GVF accurately in the wet-gas regime. as is shown Figure 3. Figure 3. Measurement in wet-gas regime .For measuring in the wet-gas regime.

. Field Performance of MPFM50: Summary results and conditions with actual site pictures.5.

New México Sttatsolie .Canada Petrom .MPFM in the Field Oxy Petroleum .Romania .Suriname EnCana .

.  Non nuclear (no radioactive source) thus independent on minerals content.  Based on proven and familiar instruments. such as entering fluid properties before each test.MPFM-50 Advantages  Works in any flow pattern and does not rely on “Magic Algorithms”.  Minimum human intervention.  Not affected by pipe configuration  Most suitable for Oil wells and Wet Gas optimization.