Biometric Authentication Through

Iris
Arti Patil
Guide:- Dr. Deepak Jayaswal
6/2/2015
Computer Department
St. Francis Institute of Technology

Biometric Authentication through Iris

Content






Biometric Identification
Review of Stage
Problem Statement
Literature Survey
Proposed Work
Summary
References

2
Biometric Authentication through Iris

Biometric Identification
• Various Types of Biometrics
1. DNA
2. Retina
3. Iris
4. Finger print
5. Face
6. Palm
7. Voice

3
Biometric Authentication through Iris

Iris 4 Biometric Authentication through Iris . One of the uniqueness of its pattern. Responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil 3. circular structure in the eye 2.The iris is a thin.Introduction • Iris – 1. Fig 1:.

(Example) 5 Biometric Authentication through Iris .Introduction(continued) • Features of Iris:1) Iris region is detected by vertical and horizontal edge information. 4) Size and diameter of ciliary arteries. 2) Amount of pigmented material. 3) Color of the iris. 5) Amount of melanin. 6) Radius of the iris.

Computer login: the iris as a living password 5. Attendance system 2.Introduction(continued) Applications of iris recognition :1. Automatic Border Passage (ABP) border-crossing applications 4. Cell phone and other wireless-device-based authentication 7. Secure access to bank accounts at cash machines 6. Airline passport presentation 6 Biometric Authentication through Iris . ATMs password using iris authentication 3.

Iris Recognition is one of the ways to secure authentication because of Uniqueness and Robustness 7 Biometric Authentication through Iris . the need to authentication is more essential and challenging part. Solution:. Biometric authentication system is flexible. insecurity increases day by day.Problem Statement Problem :-In real life.Biometric authentication has become increasingly popular in security systems.

Challenges There are major challenges:• Abnormality:If a person is suffering from disease like diabetes there is effect on iris which creates problem in accurate detection. • Astigmatism:- Figure 2: Presence of Astigmatism in iris 8 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

Challenges • Iris coloboma: hole Figure 3: Presence of coloboma in iris • Strabismus (misalignment . crossed eyes or wall eyes) Figure 4: Presence of Strabismus in iris 9 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

Challenges • Arcus: white ring near limbus: cholesterol Figure 5: Presence of Arcus in iris 10 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

Proposed work • Cholesterol presence in the Iris:Iris dataset Feature extraction Cholesterol detection Authentication Fig 6:-Flowchart of Proposed work 11 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

Chinese Academy of Sciences .Institute of Automation(CASIA ) 2. Collecting the dataset:1. Multimedia University (MMU) 12 Biometric Authentication through Iris .Proposed work I. University of Beira Interior six (UBIRIS) 3.

After 13 Biometric Authentication through Iris .Proposed work • Example:.Before 2.Presence of Cholesterol in iris 1.

Localization of iris and pupil boundary. 15 Biometric Authentication through Iris .  Iris can be approximated by two circles.Proposed work • Iris Localization :.(Example)  Iris localization is a process to isolate the iris region from the rest of the acquired image. one for iris boundary and another for pupil boundary. Fig 7:.

Proposed work • Finding an iris and pupil area: Hough transform:1. c2 c1 a Pupil 17 Biometric Authentication through Iris b Iris . Classical Hough transform . ellipses  The Hough transform in case to detect circle is calculated by formula as given below.used for the detection of regular curves such as lines. circles.

• Normalization Processes:- 20 Biometric Authentication through Iris .Proposed work • Feature Extraction:-Feature encoding was implemented by convolving the normalized iris pattern with 1D Log-Gaber wavelet.

Present the white layer in the iris 1 Biometric Authentication through Iris . Present the sodium ring in the iris 2. Doesn’t change the pupil radius but changes the iris radius 3.Proposed work • Cholesterol detection system:1.

1 Biometric Authentication through Iris . Radius matching Color matching 1.Stored iris and pupil radiuses 2.Radiuses of iris and pupil to compare • Comparing them by using the concept of equivalent ratios. II.Proposed work • Authentication of both the iris :I.

• Biometric authentication has become increasingly popular in security systems. • Iris Recognition is one of the way to secure authentication because of Uniqueness and Reliability 27 Biometric Authentication through Iris . • Different biometric systems are developed on face. voice and Hand geometry recognition with an effective method for automatic recognition of a person’s identity with a high efficiency.Summary • Image Processing is a biometric based personal Identification technique in which Impersonation is most dangerous security threat. provide a platform independent access to Iris recognition using different technologies present today. • The aim.

on Computers in Industry 57 (2006) pp. Darrel Hudgin*.References [1] Prof.Volume||01|| Issue||03||Pages 264-267||May||ISSN 2348-9480 2014.” IJETST. Fellow“Efficient Iris Recognition by Characterizing Key Local Variations. [2] Kaushik Roy*. [3] Li Ma. Anuradha Gaikwad “Iris Recognition System for Secure Authentication.” IEEE. Mr.00 ©2007 IEEE. Prabir Bhattacharya* and Ramesh Chandra Debnath† “Iris Recognition:A Java based Implementation” 1-4244-1551-9/07/$25. Bharti L. IEEE. Dhote1.Miss.Yunhong Wang. Shashanki Deshmane. Tieniu Tan. 28 Biometric Authentication through Iris . andDexin Zhang Elsevier J. Member. 622–630.Miss. Abhijit Kedari2.

6914.2008. Yoshinori Hayashi b.” Medical Imaging 2008: Image Processing.Yuji Hatanaka c. ISSN 1989-1660.Martin Garcia. Hiroshi Fujita “Personal Identification Based on Blood Vessels of Retinal Fundus Images. 1. Toshiaki Nakagawa a.Proc. Vol. Reinhardt.” International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence. Josien P.Taboada “Iris recognition using the JAVAVis Library. edited by Joseph M.Larrumbe Hidalgo. 29 Biometric Authentication through Iris . Takeshi Hara a. 2008. L. 69141V. [5] Keisuke Fukuta*a.References(continued) [4] V. of SPIE Vol. Pluim. W. M. Nº 1.

” IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues.Chithra Devi.Saminathan. Vol. Issue 2009 30 Biometric Authentication through Iris .References(continued) [7] K. No 3.Abhishek Tiwari. Deepali Kelkar. M. Issue 1. T.Chakravarthy “Pair of Iris Recognition for Personal Identification Using Artificial Neural Networks. January 2012 [8] Upasana Tiwari. 9.”Study of Different IRIS Recognition Methods” International Journal of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering (IJCTEE) Volume 2.

Maharishi Markandeshwar Group of Institutions. Karnal. Department of Electronics and Communication Engg. Haryana”Proposed Iris Recognition Algorithm through Image Acquisition technique” © 2014.Karnal. Haryana Ashish Gagneja Associate Professor. IJARCSSE All Rights Reserved 31 Biometric Authentication through Iris .References(continued) [9] Sachin Gupta Assistant Professor. Department of Computer Science and Engineering Maharishi Markandeshwar Group of Institutions.

Thank You !!! Questions? 32 32 .

Proposed work • Methodology :1) Iris detection use the various methodology C+ +.NET 2)In C++ language-The large amount of calculations that need to be performed for each iris 3)In MATLAB easily available and . java. .NET very difficult to develop the code 4)In java :- 33 Biometric Authentication through Iris .MATLAB.

34 Biometric Authentication through Iris . • The iris is so reliable as a form of identification because of the uniqueness of its pattern.• Iris Recognition:A Java based Implementation • The iris image is first blurred using a Gaussian filter. and the edge is detected using the Canny edge detection technique.

Bharti L. Shashanki Deshmane3 Miss.Miss. Abhijit Kedari2. 35 Biometric Authentication through Iris . Mr. Anuradha Gaikwad “Iris Recognition System for Secure Authentication.• ] Prof. Dhote1.” IJETSTVolume||01||Issue||03||Pages 264-267||May||ISSN 23489480 2014.

: a difference in coloration in two anatomical structures or two parts of the same structure which are normally alike in color <heterochromia of the iris> 36 Biometric Authentication through Iris .Definition of HETEROCHROMIA.

Features of Iris BACK 37 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

Acquisition IrisCode Gabor Filters Image Localization Polar Representation Demarcated Zones 38 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

• Example of melanin :- 39 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

.Example…. • Example of Normalization process:- Back 40 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

. Back 41 Biometric Authentication through Iris .Example….

• Normal image to Gray image:- Back 42 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

43 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

44 Biometric Authentication through Iris .

Example Back 45 Biometric Authentication through Iris .