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Construction & quality - Civil Works

Arun Chandramohan
NICMAR
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Construction Civil Works


Technology
Materials
Equipment
Manpower
Methodology
Duration
Cost
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Construction Sectors

Buildings
Highways & roads
Water supply and sewage lines
Water and sewage treatment
Railway
Ports and harbors
Airports and air fields
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Construction Technology - Buildings


Advances
Fast track
Quality
Reduced cost burden
Sustainability
Environmental constraints

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Innovation in Construction
Materials

Resources
Quality
Duration : fast track
Durability
Cost
Life cycle cost

Sustainability
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Translucent Concrete
Translucent concrete is
a concrete based building material with
light transmissive properties due to
embedded light optical elements.
It is usually made of Optical fiber.
According to the concretes
manufacturers, the optical fibers make up
only 4 percent of the mixture.
The light transmitting property makes
them appear fresh, open and spacious.
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Solar Panel Roofing Tiles


Transform the suns
energy into useable
electricity to power your
home!
Receive rebates from
the government for
installing them!

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Ultra Touch Jeans Insulation


Jean is recycled through some
process and it can be used for
roofing like this

It is light weight and this


method reduces landfill waste.

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Carbon Fiber
Carbon fiber
thinner than human hair.
woven together, like cloth, and
Carbon fiber is an extremely
strong, lightweight material.
It's five times as strong as
steel, two times as stiff, yet
weighs about two-thirds less.
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Biocrete

A new self-healing cement is


currently being developed
which has the ability to
repair its own cracks.
Yeast
Moisture
Bacteria
Alkaline environment
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LIQUID GRANITE
The material is a lightweight and has the
same load bearing capacity of cement,
but is made of recycled materials.
Liquid Granite is not only fire-resistant
beyond 1,100 degrees Celsius , It can
also withstand high temperatures for
longer periods .
It has Moisture resisting properties.

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Your innovation

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Construction Technology
Cost
Quality
Time
Durability
Sustainability
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PRE ENGINEERED BUILDINGS


http://www.tatasteelconstruction.com/en/reference/teachingresources

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Pre-Engineered Buildings
Main framing or vertical
columns
End wall framing
Purlins, girts and eave struts
Sheeting and insulation or
prefab panels
Crane system
Mezzanine system
Bracing system
Paints and finishes
Miscellaneous services

IS : 8750 - 1987 : Code of


practice for design loads of
buildings & structures.
IS : 800 -1984 : Code of
practice for general
construction in steel.
IS : 801- 1975 : Code of
practice for use of Cold
formed light gauge Steel
Structural Members in general
building Construction

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Roofing System
Through panel system
Standing seam system
Sandwich panel for residential building

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Prefabricated system
(IS-15916:2010)
Cl 6
Modular grid for design
Horizontal
15m & 3 m
Vertical
3m and 2 m

Large panel system


Frame system
Slab column system
Mixed system
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Large panel system


Cross wall

Wall panels

Longitudinal wall
Two way

120mm to 300mm
thick
Height 2.7 to 3.6 m

Floor panels
60mm minimum
thickness

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Pre cast: Large panel system


Wet joint
Dry joint
Horizontal joint
Vertical joint
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Precast : Frame systems


Beam seated on corbels

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MODULAR STRUCTURES

Pre fabricated components

High design flexibility

Specially designed connectors

Encased in concrete to provide a degree of


fire and corrosion protection.

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MODULAR BUILDING

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TYPICAL MODULAR
CONNECTOR

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HOLLOW BLOCK AND PLANK


FLOORING
R.C. edge beam
Concrete ribs
Hollow clay
floor blocks Concrete topping

Ceiling Voids
finish
Reinforcement
Rib reinforcement
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Filler tiles

HOLLOW BLOCK AND


PLANK
Floor finish
Cement/sand screed

Void
Internal support
Typical hollow floor unit details
Cement/sand
Floor finish
Grouted joints
screed

Typical channel section floor unit details


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PRE CAST CONCRETE SLAB

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Pre-stressed precast prefab technology using hollow


core slab, beams, columns, solid walls, stairs, etc

Salient features
:1. Cost
saving
2. Savings on exterior painting &
finishing
3. Increased in carpet area
4. Energy savings

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R-Panels - Panel Building System using steel mesh, polystyrene


core and chipping concrete
Materials Used : meshes manufactured using high
resistance steel bar of dia 2.5 5 mm,
self-extinguishing polystyrene core and
chipping concrete.

The base element of this system is a


modular panel composed of two electro
welded
Once the panels are installed
anchored and finished with the
application of light concrete on both the
sides.
concrete plaster or even a pre-mixed
one is applied for a thickness of at least
25mm.

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MONOLITHIC CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY USING


PLASTIC FORM WORK

Material used:- M20 grade concrete wall, slabs and


HYSD reinforcement of Fe415/Fe500 grade.

In this technology walls and slabs are cast in one


operation and specially designed light weight
form/moulds in concrete. Concrete is poured in forms
and once after the setting of concrete takes place the
forms are removed which gives box like cubical
structure of the required architectural design.
This pre-designed formwork acts as some sort of
assembly line production and enables rapid
construction of multiple units of repetitive type .

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MONOLITHIC CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION USING


ALUMINIUM FORM WORK
Material used:- cement, aggregate, sand,
steel, aluminum form work.

In this system concrete walls and slabs are


cast monolithically at one pour, these allows
reduction in thickness of concrete members
below the minimum value than the
conventional construction, just reducing the
consumption of resources. This technology
reduces the cost of maintenance and repair as
compared to conventional system
Salient features:-

1. Cost effective
2. Fire resistant
3. Durable against
earthquake

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Industrialized 3-S system

Material used :- Concrete, cellular light weight concrete


slabs, precast column.

This industrialized construction technology


is based on factory mass manufactured
structural prefab components confirming to
norms of IS standards and BIS certification
mark.
In this system, dense concrete hollow
column shell are used in combination with
pre-cast dense concrete beams.
The hollow columns are grouted with
appropriate grade of in-situ concrete along
with secured embedded reinforcement of
appropriate size, length and configuration
to ensure monolithic continuous resilient
behavior.

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GFRG/ RAPIDWALL BUILDING SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY

Material used:- gypsum plaster reinforced with glass fibers.


This is a panel product suitable for rapid mass-scale
buildings construction, was originally developed and
used since 1990 in Australia. These panels are
presently manufactured to a thickness of 124mm.
The main application is in the construction of walls, it
can also be used in floor and roof slabs in combination
with reinforced concrete. It is mandatory to provide
embedded RCC horizontal tie beam over all the walls
below the floor slab/roof slab.
The panels may be unfilled, partially filled or fully filled
with reinforced concrete as per requirement.
These panels possess substantial strength not only as
load bearing elements but also capable to resist
earthquake and wind. Buildings up to ten storeys in
low seismic zones can be designed with these
systems.
GFRG building systems can be constructed only with
technical support or supervision by qualified
Freeengineers
Powerpoint
and constructors.

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GFRG/ RAPIDWALL BUILDING SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY

Salient features :1. Water resistant


2. Fire resistant
3. Eco-friendly
4. Earthquake resistant
5. Reduction in construction cost

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STRUCTURAL STEEL

High number of design options


Skeletal framework often complex
Loads carried by beams
Structure is covered by cladding
Large use of glass, polycarbonate and plastic
Large shopping centres, sports centres and
multi-storey offices.

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STRUCTURAL STEEL
Main beams

Roof spans between main beams


Tie Beam

Secondary beam

Stanchions

Floor spans between main


beams

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REINFORCED CONCRETE

Alternative to steel frame

Columns support beams on which are laid


slab flooring sections

Columns, beams and slabs integrally cast to


form a monolithic structure

Two common methods of construction.

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REINFORCED CONCRETE
Pre cast reinforced concrete frame

Factory produced frame components

Transported for assembly on site

Similar techniques to steel frame.

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REINFORCED
CONCRETE(2)
Composite construction

Utilises the advantages of modern


lightweight structural steelwork

Marriage between steelwork & pre cast


concrete columns.

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COMPOSITE
CONSTRUCTION
Concrete
Spine beam

Steel
Spine
beam.

Gable
columns
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