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Topic

Volatile Organic
Compounds

Sajid Khan 15-MS-01 Engr. M.Group Members Engr. Arshed Mehmood 15-MS-04 .

other VOCs have no odor.Introduction Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are a large group of carbon-based chemicals that easily evaporate at room temperature. Odor does not indicate the level of risk from inhalation of this group of chemicals. . While most people can smell high levels of some VOCs.

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Some common examples include: • Acetone • Benzene • Ethylene glycol • Formaldehyde • Toluene • Xylene • 1.3-butadiene .Examples There are thousands of different VOCs produced and used in our daily lives.

Sources of VOCs Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are potentially dangerous compounds created by both human industry and natural processes that vaporize under normal atmospheric conditions. VOC levels are much higher in indoor environments as they can be emitted by many manufactured products such as carpet. industry. . and cleaning supplies. paint. Outdoor sources can include landfills. and hydrocarbon emissions.

Building Materials • • • • • • • • Carpets and adhesives Composite wood products Paints Sealing caulks Solvents Upholstery fabrics Varnishes Vinyl Floors .

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Home and Personal Care Products • • • • • • Air fresheners Air cleaners that produce ozone Cleaning and disinfecting chemicals Cosmetics Fuel oil. gasoline Vehicle exhaust running a car in an attached garage .

Behaviors • • • • • • • • • Cooking Dry cleaning Hobbies Newspapers Non-electric space heaters Photocopiers Smoking Stored paints and chemicals Wood burning stoves .

• Volume of the air in the room/building. • Studies have shown that the level of VOCs indoors is generally two to five times higher than the level of VOC’s outdoors. • Ventilation rate or the area.VOC concentrations in indoor air depend on many factors. • Amount of VOCs in a product. • Rate at which the VOCs are released. .

how long and how often a person breathes it in.Health effects of VOC exposure The risk of health effects from inhaling any chemical depends on how much is in the air. Scientists look at short-term (acute) exposures as hours to days or longterm (chronic) exposures as years to even lifetime. .

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try reducing levels in your home.What level of VOCs is safe The best health protection measure is to limit your exposure to products and materials that contain VOCs when possible. If symptoms persist. . If you think you may be having health problems caused by VOCs. consult with your doctor to rule out other serious health conditions that may have similar symptoms.

elderly.Are some people at greater risk from VOC exposure than others? Persons with respiratory problems such as asthma. young children. . and persons with heightened sensitivity to chemicals may be more susceptible to irritation and illness from VOCs.

• Periodic measurements • Continuous emissions monitoring (CEMs) • Screening . these are.Measurement of VOCs Sampling and measurement of VOCs can generally be done in three different ways depending on the information required and the legislation in place.