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Which instruments is used to measure

humidity of the atmosphere continuously?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Barograph
Thermograph
Hydrograph
Thermo-hydrograph

Entrance losses between tank and pipe or


losses through elbows, fittings and valves
are generally expresses as a functions of:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Kinetic energy
Pipe diameter
Friction factor
Volume flow rate

The air that contains no water vapor is


called:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Zero air
Saturated air
Dry air
Humid air

In psychrometric chart, the constantenthalpy lines coincide with constanttemperature lines at temperature

a.
b.
c.
d.

Above 50C
Below 40 C
Below 50 C
Above 10 C

The amount of moisture in air depends on


its

a.
b.
c.
d.

pressure
volume
temperature
humidity

The deep body temperature of healthy


person is maintained constant at

a.
b.
c.
d.

27 deg C
37 deg C
47 deg C
48 deg C

By increasing the condenser pressure in


vapor compression cycle, which of the
following will increase? (use per unit mass
analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Refrigerating effect
COP
Specific volume at suction
Compressor work

By increasing the condenser pressure in


vapor compression cycle, which of the
following will decrease? (use per unit mass
analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Moisture content after expansion


Compressor power
Heat rejected from condenser
Mass flow rate

If the pressure drop in the condenser


increases in a vapor compression cycle,
which of the following will increase? (use
per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Mass flow rate


Compressor power
Heat rejected in the condenser
Specific volume at suction

If the pressure drop in the condenser


increases in a vapor compression cycle,
which of the following will decrease? (use
per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Refrigerating effect
Mass flow rate
Heat rejected in the condenser
Compressor work

If the pressure drop in the condenser


increases in a vapor compression cycle,
which of the following will not be affected?
(use per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Compressor power
Mass flow rate
Heat rejected in the condenser
COP

If the pressure drop in the evaporator


increases in a vapor compression cycle,
which of the following will increase? (use
per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Refrigerating effect
Vaporizing temperature
Heat rejected in the condenser
COP

If the pressure drop in the evaporator


increases in a vapor compression cycle,
which of the following will decrease? (use
per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Specific volume at suction


Compressor power
Heat rejected in the condenser
COP

By lowering the condenser pressure in


Rankine cycle, which of the following will
decrease? (use per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Pump work
Turbine work
Heat rejected
Cycle efficiency

By increasing the Boiler pressure in


Rankine cycle, which of the following will
decrease? (use per unit mass analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Heat rejected
Pump work
Cycle efficiency
Moisture content

By superheating the steam to a higher


temperature in Rankine cycle, which of the
following will decrease? (use per unit mass
analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Moisture content at the turbine exhaust


Turbine work
Heat added
Heat rejected

By superheating the steam to a higher


temperature in Rankine cycle, which of the
following will increase? (use per unit mass
analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Moisture content at the turbine exhaust


Pump work
Condenser pressure
Cycle efficiency

By superheating the steam to a higher


temperature in Rankine cycle, which of the
following will increase? (use per unit mass
analysis)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Moisture content at the turbine exhaust


Pump work
Condenser pressure
Cycle efficiency

By reheating the steam before entering the


second stage in Rankine cycle, which of
the following will decrease?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Turbine work
Moisture content after expansion
Heat added
Heat rejected

When Rankine cycle is modified with


regeneration, which of the following will
increase?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Turbine work
Heat added
Heat rejected
Cycle efficiency

Is the combination of base load and


peaking load.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Rated load
Intermmediate load
Combine load
Over-all load

Sum of the maximum demand over the


simultaneous maximum demand.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Use factor
Capacity factor
Demand factor
Diversity factor

Regenerative with feed heating cycle with


infinite number of feedwater heaters thus
efficiency is equal to:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Otto cycle
Stirling cycle
Erricson cycle
Carnot cycle

A type of turbine used in desalination of


sea water.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Back pressure turbine


Passout turbine
Peaking turbine
Reaction turbine

States that when conductor and a


magnetic field move relatively to each
other, an electric voltage is induced in the
conductor.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Maxwells law
Kirchoffs law
Faradays law
Newtons law

Transfers heat directly to electrical energy


by utilizing thermoionic emissions.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Thermoionic motor
Thermoionic generator
Thermoionic convertor
Thermoionic cell

Is the largest group of coal containing 4686% of fixed carbon and 20 to 40% volatile
matter.

a.
b.
c.
d.

anthracite
Sub anthracite
Bituminous
Sub-bituminous

When 1 gram of coal is subjected to a


temperature of about 105C for a period of
1 hour, the loss in weight of the sample
gives the:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Volatile matter and moisture


ash
Fixed carbon
Moisture content

When 1 gram of sample coal is placed in a


crucible and heated 950oC and maintained
at that temperature for 7 minutes, there is
a loss in weight due to elimination of:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Volatile matter and moisture


ash
Fixed carbon
Moisture content

Consist of hydrogen and certain hydrogen


carbon compounds which can be removed
from coal by heating.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Moisture content
Product of combustion
ash
Volatile matter

By heating 1 gram of coal in an uncovered


crucible until the coal is completely
burned, the _______ will formed.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Volatile matter and moisture


ash
Fixed carbon
Moisture content

Caking coal are used to produce coke by


heating in a coke oven in the absence of
___ with volatile matter driven off.

a.
b.
c.
c.

air
Oil
oxygen
nitrogen

Gindability of standard coal is:

a.
b.
c.
d.

80
90
100
110

Major constituent of all natural gases is:

a.
b.
c.
d.

ethane
methane
propane
cethane

Two types of fans are:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Centrifugal and axial


Tangential and rotary
Reciprocating and axial
Centrifugal and rotary

Enthalpy of substance at specified state


due to chemical composition.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Enthalpy of reaction
Enthalpy of combustion
Enthalphy of formation
Enthalpy of product

A type of boiler used for super critical


pressure operation:

a.
b.
c.
d.

La Mont boiler
Once-through circulation boiler
Force Circulation boiler
Natural circulation boiler

Economizer in a water tube boiler is heated


by:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Electric furnace
Electric current
Incoming flue gas
Outgoing flue gas

Receives heat partly by convection and


partly by radiation.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Radiant superheater
Desuperheater
Convective Superheater
Pendant superheater

Regenerative superheater is a storage type


of heat exchangers have an energy storage
medium called:

a.
b.
c.
d.

matrix
regenerator
boiler
recuperator

Stirling cycle uses a _______ as working


fluids.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Incompressible gas
Incompressible fluids
Compressible refrigerant
Compressible fluids

In stirling process, the heat is added


during

a.
b.
c.
d.

Isobaric process
Isentropic process
Isothermal process
Heat process

Brayton cycle is also known as:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Carnot cycle
Joule cycle
Diesel cycle
Rankine cycle

Is applied to propulsion of vehicles


because of certain practical
characteristics.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Diesel cycle
Otto cycle
Carnot cycle
Brayton cycle

Heat exchangers typically involve:

a.
b.
c.
d.

No work interactions
No heat interactions
No energy interactions
None of these

A device that is used to convert the heat


to work is called:

a.
b.
c.
d.

adiabatier
regenerator
Heat engines
None of these

The objective of a heat pump is to


maintain a heated space at:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Low temperature
High temperature
Medium temperature
None of these

A process is called _____________ if no


irreversibilities occur outside the system
boundaries during the process.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Externally reversible
Internally reversible
reversible
None of these

An energy interaction which is not


accompanied by entropy transfer is

a.
b.
c.
d.

energy
heat
work
None of these

The only devices where the changes in


kinetic energy are significant are the

a.
b.
c.
d.

compressor
pumps
Nozzles and diffusers
None of these

The distance between the TDC and BDC


in which the piston can travel is the

a.
b.
c.
d.

Right extreme position


Displacement stroke
Stroke of the Engine
Swept Stroke

In compression-engine, the combustion


of air-fuel mixture is self-ignited as a
result of compressing the mixture above
its

a.
b.
c.
d.

Self developed temperature


Mixing temperature
Self feed temperature
Self ignition temperature

The superheated vapor enters the


turbine and expands isentropically and
produces work by the rotating shaft. The
_________ may drop during the process.

a.
b.
c.
d.

density
viscosity
Temperature and pressure
None of these

Only _______ of the turbine work output is


required to operate the pump

a.
b.
c.
d.

.01%
.02%
.03%
.04%

Superheating the steam to higher


temperatures decreases the moisture
content of the steam at the ____________.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Turbine inlet
Compressor inlet
Compressor exit
Turbine exit

Regeneration also provides a convenient


means of dearating the feedwater to
prevent

a.
b.
c.
d.

Boiler explosion
Boiler scale production
Boiler corrosion
Compressor damage

Can be applied in Steam turbine cycle


(rankine), Gas turbine cycle (Brayton)
and Combined cycle.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Hydroelectric plant
Nuclear power plant
Cogeneration plant
Tidal power plant

In a rankine cycle with fixed turbine inlet


conditions. What is the effect of lowering
the condenser pressure, the heat
rejected will:

a.
b.
c.
d.

increase
decrease
Remains the same
None of these

How do the following quantities change


when the simple ideal Rankine cycle is
modified with regeneration? The heat
rejected will:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Increase
decrease
Remains the same
None of these

It is an obvious reason for incomplete


combustion.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Insufficient carbon
Insufficient air
Insufficient nitrogen
Insufficient oxygen

A rule of thumb is that the COP improves


by ____ for each oC the evaporating
temperature is raised or the condensing
temperature is lowered

a.
b.
c.
d.

2-4%
6-7%
1-5%
6-10%

Are generally more expensive to


purchase and install than other heating
systems, but they

a.
b.
c.
d.

refrigerator
Adiabator
Heat pumps
humidifier

The most widely used absorption system


is the ammonia-water system, where
ammonia is served as refrigerant and
water as the

a.
b.
c.
d.

cooling
heating
Heating and cooling
Transport medium