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The term sense of place has been used in many

different ways. To some, it is a characteristic that

some geographic places have and some do not, while
to others it is a feeling or perception held by people
(not by the place itself).


feeling or perception held by people

It is often used in relation to those characteristics that

make a place special or unique, as well as to those that

foster a sense of authentic human attachment and
belonging. Others, such as geographer Yi-Fu Tuan, have
pointed to senses of place that are not inherently
"positive," such as fear.Some students and educators
engage in "place-based education" in order to improve
their "sense(s) of place," as well as to use various aspects of
place as educational tools in general. The term is used in
urban and rural studies in relation to place-making and
place-attachment of communities to their environment or

In the humanistic geography space and place are important concepts.

Concepts that in this approach doesnt mean the same.

Space' can be described as a location which

has no social connections for a human being.

No value has been added to this space.
According to Tuan it is an open space, but
may marked off and defended against
intruders It does not invite or encourage
people to fill the space by being creative. No
meaning has been described to it. It is more
or less abstract

'Place' is in contrary more than just a location and can

be described as a location created by human
experiences. The size of this location does not matter
and is unlimited. It can be a city, neighborhood, a
region or even a classroom et cetera. In fact place
exists of space that is filled with meanings and
objectives by human experiences in this particular
space. Places are centers where people can satisfy there
biological needs such as food, water etc. (Tuan, 1977, p.
4). According to Tuan (1977, p. 6) a place does not
exist of observable boundaries and is besides a visible
expression of a specific time period. Examples are arts,
monuments and architecture.





Vigan historic

Makati skyline buildings


Geographic place[edit]

understand sense of place, the geographic concept of space needs first to be defined. Geographic space is the space that encircle the planet or in orbit
ones body, through which biological life moves. It is differentiated from "outer space" and "inner space" (inside the mind). One definition of place,
proposed by Tuan, is that a place comes into existence when humans give meaning to a part of the larger, undifferentiated space. Any time a location is
identified or given a name, it is separated from the undefined space that surrounds it. Some places, however, have been given stronger meanings, names or
definitions by society than others. These are the places that are said to have a strong "Sense of Place."
Cultural geographers, anthropologists, sociologists and urban planners study why certain places hold special meaning to particular people or animals.
Places said to have a strong "sense of place" have a strong identity and character that is deeply felt by local inhabitants and by many visitors. Sense of place
is a social phenomenon that exists independently of any one individual's perceptions or experiences, yet is dependent on human engagement for its
existence. Such a feeling may be derived from the natural environment, but is more often made up of a mix of natural and cultural features in the landscape
, and generally includes the people who occupy the place. The sense of place may be strongly enhanced by the place being written about by poets, novelists
and historians, or portrayed in art or music, and more recently, through modes of codification aimed at protecting, preserving and enhancing places felt to
be of value (such as the "World Heritage Site" designations used around the world, the British "Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty" controls and the
American "National Historic Landmark" designation).
Places that lack a "sense of place" are sometimes referred to as "placeless" or "inauthentic." Placeless landscapes are those that have no special relationship
to the places in which they are locatedthey could be anywhere. Roadside strip shopping malls, gas/petrol stations and convenience stores, fast food
chains, and chain department stores are often cited as examples of placeless landscape elements. Even some historic sites or districts that have been
heavily commercialized (commodious) for tourism and new housing estates are sometimes defined as having lost their sense of place. A classic description
of such placeless places is Gertrude Stein's "there is no there there".[2]
Developing a sense of place[edit]
Understanding how sense of place develops and changes is relevant to understanding how people interact with their environment in general and
considering how this interaction may become more sustainable. For these reasons, human geographers and social psychologists have studied how a sense
of place develops, including the importance of comparisons between places, learning from elders and observing natural disasters and other events. Of
particular note is the importance of childhood experiences. [3] Environmental psychologists have quantified links between exposure to natural environments
in childhood and environmental preferences later in life. [4] Learning about surrounding environments during childhood is strongly influenced by the direct
experience of playing, as well as through the role of family, culture, and community. [5] The special bond which develops between children and their
childhood environments has been called a primal landscape by human geographers. [6] This childhood landscape forms part of peoples identity and
constitutes a key point of comparison for considering subsequent places later in life. As people move around as adults, they tend to consider new