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Approaches in Adopting

OBE Curriculum

OBE is a learner-centered, results


oriented design, based on the belief that all
individuals can learn.

Primary Goal of OBE


To transform students into graduates with
full competence in their field of study and
who also possesses Filipino values,
industry desired values and global citizen
values.

The two main purposes of OBE inform its


underlying philosophy of success for all learners.

ensuring that all learners are equipped with


the knowledge, competence and qualities
needed to be successful after they exit
their educational system and
structuring and operating schools so that
those outcomes can be achieved and
maximized for all learners
s

Philosophical assumptions, of
OBE:

all learners are talented and it is the duty of schools to develop


their talents
the role of schools is to find ways for learners to succeed, rather
than finding ways for learners to fail.
mutual trust drives all good outcomes-based schools
excellence is for every learner and not only for a limited number
by preparing learners daily for success the following day, the
need for corrective measures is reduced
learners collaborate in learning, rather than competing with each
other
as far as possible, no learner is excluded from an activity in a
school and a positive attitude is essential.

According to Spady and Marshall (1991:67),


OBE is based on two fundamental premises:
all learners can learn and succeed but not
on the same day or in the same way
success breeds success and schools
control the conditions of success.

OBE addresses the following key questions:

As a teacher
What do I want the students to have
or able to do?
What will I do for them to achieve
it?
How do I close the loop?

Focus on student learning by:


Use learning outcome statements to make
explicit what the student is expected to be able to
know, understand or do;
Provide learning activities which will help the
student to reach these outcomes;
Assess the extent to which the student meets these
outcomes through the use of explicit assessment
criteria.

Characteristics of OBE curricula


It has program objectives, program outcomes,
course outcomes and performance indicators.
It is objective and outcome driven, where every
stated objective and outcomes can be assessed
and evaluated. It is centered around the needs of
the students and the stakeholders.
Program objectives address the graduates attainment
within 3-5 years after their graduation.
Program outcomes, which consist of abilities to be
attained by students before they graduate, are
formulated based on the program objectives.
Every learning outcome is intentional and therefore
the outcomes must be assessed using suitable
performance indicators.

Outcome-Based Education
(Closing the Loops)
Assessment
Assessment
Assessment

Alumni

Program
Objectives

Program
Outcomes

Course
Outcomes

Stakeholders
Advisory committee

CQI
CQI
CQI

Analysis

Visions

Analysis

Analysis

Missions

OBE Approaches
1. Write good outcomes
A good outcome is, among other things:
. Attractive students want to achieve it
. Comprehensible they know its meaning
. Attainable they can learn to achieve it
. Coherent it clearly fits into their programme
2. Familiarize two models of curriculum
. Model A Curriculum is content. Teaching is
the delivery of content. (Assessment is seeing if
the content has been learned.)
. Model B Curriculum is outcomes. Teaching is
supporting students to achieve learning
outcomes. (Assessment is seeing if these
outcomes have been achieved.)

Two approaches to curriculum planning compared


Model A

Model B

Plan the curriculum to be


taught

Plan the learning outcomes


Ensure they are assessable
Plan learning activities

Teach the curriculum


content

Provide resources, support and


feedback to the students as they
do learning activities

Give feedback to aids


student learning

Ensure students receive


feedback (have they attained
the course outcomes)

Assess what students have


learned the content

Assess and detailed feedback to


each student about their progress
towards the outcomes
Review & change teaching

3. EFFECTIVE COURSE DELIVERY


Responsibility of Lecturers:
carefully planned
teaching strategy in accordance with lesson
incorporated new delivery strategies to address specific
problem of the students.

Responsibility of Students:
- must be responsible for their own
learning.
- define clearly student Learning
Time (SLT)
copyright cmassengale

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4. Adopt OBE - DELIVERY MODES


Lecture
Guest
speaker

Guest Speaker

Practical
Industrial
Training
Work
Attachment
Field Trip
Visit
Lab
Demonstra
tion
Workshop

FacetoFace
WorkBased
Learning
(WBL)

Active

Delivery
Modes
Experiential
Method

Cooperative/
Collaborative

Online
learning
Teleconfere
nce

TechnologyBased
Delivery

Presenta
tion
Tutorial
Seminar
Colloquiu
m

ProblemBased
Case Study
Project-

5. Apply OBE- FOUR COMMON TEACHING SITUATIONS &


ASSOCIATED TLA

Situation

Teaching
Activities

LECTURE

Talk, explain,
clarify

TUTORIAL Set/answer
questions,
provide
feedback

Learning Activities
Listen, take notes, accept, query,
discuss with peers, one-minute paper
Pre-read, prepare questions, learn
from peers, critique, analyse

PROJECT

Set brief, provide Apply, create, self-monitor,


ongoing
communicate, teamwork
feedback

PBL

Set problems
provide
feedback

Set learning goals, design, apply,


access desired content and skills,
integrate, solve problems

6. Change Methods of Assessment


If you want to change student learning, then
change the methods of assessment. Chuckett &
Sutherland, 2000

objective tests,

case studies,

essay questions,

projects,
end-of-chapter type problems,

reflective journals,

seminar presentation,

practicum,

portfolio,
examinations, peer and self-assessment

The Role of the Teacher in an Outcomes-based Approach to


Education

The lecturer becomes more a facilitator


learning by stimulating creativity, self
learning and critical thinking.
Outcomes become more important to the
lecturer than the written syllabus.

Increasing the knowledge and


skills of the learners is the
responsibility of the teacher.

If you dont know


where youre going,
any ride will do.

Thank You!