You are on page 1of 80

Security level:

Internal

2008-05

BTS Hardware
Quality Standard
Wireless Case & Training Department

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

www.huawei.com

Preface
This course will introduce the quality standard of BTS
installation .

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 2

Reference
<Hardware Quality Standard V6.0 for Outdoor Wireless Macro Base

Station product>
<Hardware Quality Standard V6.0 for Indoor Wireless Macro Base

Station product>

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 3

Objective
After this course, you can:
Master wireless project problem TOP
10.
Master the key point of BTS
installation.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 4

Chapter 1 Wireless Project Problem


TOP 10
Chapter 2 Hardware Quality
Standard

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 5

Wireless project problem TOP 10


Feeder cables should be correctly adopted according to specifications.
The azimuth and tilt angle of the installed antenna must accord with design
specifications.
The antenna connection and sector relationship are correct without reverse
connection and misconnection.
Waterproof and sealed measures for all outdoor jumpers and feeder cables
should be correctly adopted according to specifications.
The trunk cable should be correctly adopted according to specification without
rosin joint.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 6

Wireless project problem TOP 10


The feeder cable should be earthed at three point at least, and has perfect
waterproof treatments
The feeder windows should have correct sealed measures and waterproof
bend.
The RF connector needs to be installed perfectly.
The lightingproof arrester must be earthed, all ground cables are
connected to the outdoor protection ground bar of equipment room after
collecting.
Retain the additional engineering material for future use. There couldnt
waste or throw away the engineering material optionally.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 7

Chapter 1 Wireless Project Problem


TOP 10
Chapter 2 Hardware Quality
Standard

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 8

Chapter 2 Hardware Quality Standard


2.1 General
2.2 Main Equipment
2.3 Antenna and Feeder Cable
2.4 Power Cable and Grounding
Rule
2.5 Other

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 9

General
Requirements for rectifying:

Violation of Class A clauses All problems must be rectified or else a memo

must be signed with the Customer. If the Customer still does not agree to
sign any memo although efforts have been made by multiple parties to
coordinate with the Customer, a notice should be given to the related staff of
Huawei such as the Engineering Management staff and a note must be
indicated in the self-check report for future check.

Violation of Class B or C clauses Problems of this project: Except for the


quality problems that cannot be rectified this project (the specific cause must
be indicated in the self-check report for future check), all the other problems
must be rectified. Outstanding problems before this project: Such
problems must be rectified if such rectification is rendered possible in this
project.
Remark:
Class A clauses: Critical problems, meaning that the violation of this clause will severely influence
the safe running of the equipment.
Class B clauses: Major problems, meaning that the violation of this clause will influence the normal
running of the equipment or bring hidden troubles to the normal running of the equipment.
Class C clauses: Minor problems, meaning that the violation of this clause will not influence the
normal running of the equipment but will have an impact on the future capacity expansion, the
convenience of maintenance operations and so on.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 10

Chapter 2 Hardware Quality Standard


2.1 General
2.2 Main Equipment
2.3 Antenna and Feeder Cable
2.4 Power Cable and Grounding
Rule
2.5 Other

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 11

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

ly fixed on its base (bracket) after it is


door)

Main Equipment A

Huawei Confidential

Page 12

Main Equipment A

2. The RF cable connector needs to be installed perfectly to avoid the


situation that the virtual connection would cause an abnormal VSWR and
thus the normal system operation would be affected. (indoor, outdoor)
3. The external lightning-proof arrester of cabinet should be installed
according to its design requirements. Its connection should be firm. (outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 13

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

tor must be firmly fixed. The cable connector


e according to special specifications. Its
fixed firmly with a perfect appearance.

Main Equipment A

Huawei Confidential

Page 14

Main Equipment A
5. The cable connection of
storage battery cabinet
should be correct and
reliable (check when an
external storage battery
exits). (outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 15

Main Equipment A

6. For all kinds of cable connectors, they must be clean before


installation. If necessary, they should be cleaned according to
specification. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 16

Main Equipment A

7. The rack must be firmly fixed on its cement base after it is installed.
(outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 17

Main Equipment A
8. The connection of alarm cable should be correct and reliable (check
when an external alarm box exits). (indoor, outdoor)
9. The parts of the rack should not be distorted. Which may be affect the
equipment appearance. (outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 18

Main Equipment B,C


1. The board can be plugged and
unplugged smoothly. Its panel
screws should have appropriate
tightness if they exist. The steel wire
of spring is perfect. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 19

Expansio
n bolt
Nuts
Spring
washers
Flat
washers
Insulation
washers
Insulation
washers
Pressure
plate

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

bracket) is firmly fixed on the ground with


sulation washers, flat washers, spring
are installed in a correct order.

Main Equipment B,C

bolt

nut

Huawei Confidential

Page 20

Main Equipment B,C


3. The movable accessories of the cabinet work normal. (indoor, outdoor)
4. The collection cable of environment alarm connected to the base station
should have reliable lightning-proof protection measures. (indoor)
5. The parts of the rack should not be distorted. Which may be affect the
equipment appearance. (indoor)
6. Cabinet doors beside the main walkway should be aligned after they are
installed. The installation error must be less than 5mm.(indoor)
7. The vertical errors of cabinet should be less than 3mm.(indoor, outdoor)
8. The gap between adjacent bases is not more than 3mm.(indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 21

Main Equipment B,C

9. The rigid cables should not be cross inside the cabinet. They
cannot be pulled too tightly. Some redundancy must be reserved at
their bend place. They also need to be bent in a tidy and consistent
way. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 22

Main Equipment B,C

10. When installing cables inside the rack, the cables of the
horizontal direction should be tied to inside of corresponding
crossbars, the cables of the vertical direction should be tied to two
sides of cabinet. (indoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 23

Main Equipment B,C


11. ,
;
;

(indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

11. Route and connect the


inter-rack cables properly,
ensuring that no cross
connection takes place. Lead
a signal cable onto a cabling
rack or into a cable-through
hole that seats between
cabinets. Lead a RF cable of
a combined cabinet into the
inlet/outlet that is reserved
for RF cables of a combined
cabinet or into the cablethrough hole
that seat
NO.
NAME
between cabinets. (indoor)
S1

SFP cable

S2 S7

RF jumper cable

S8 S13

On-panel RF cable between


STDM and SPAM

S14
S19

Attaching cabinets RF cable

P1

Extended subrack

Huawei Confidential

Page 24

Main Equipment B,C


12. The fan should be tightened
with screws so that its installation
is firm. Its switch, rotation and
alarm work normally. (indoor,
outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 25

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

livered should be used when installing a cabinet


d and wall (indoor, outdoor)

Main Equipment B,C

Page 26

14. The cable labels are


filled in and pasted
correctly and reliably.
Their positions are
orderly and in the same
direction. Cable labels
should be stuck at the
place 2cm away from
their connector. They can
be made in a uniform
way according to
customer requirements.
(indoor, outdoor)
15. The part of peeling of
the on-site cable should
be covered with

Main Equipment B,C

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

Page 27

Main Equipment B,C

16. While you connect the RFFM, combiners, splitters and CDDUs, for
example. Unused ports of the combiners, splitters and CDDUs should be
covered with protection cover to protect these ports from dusts and other
sundries. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 28

Main Equipment B,C


short-circuit sheet
metal

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

17. The PGND of main and slave


cabinets must be
interconnected by a copper
wire when combining cabinets,
the connection cable should be
a yellow-green plastic
insulating copper wire with a
diameter of more than 10mm2,
or using the short-circuit sheet
metal to connect the metal
shells of the two cabinets. The
PGND of main and slave
cabinets should be connected
to the grounding bar in the
equipment room respectively.
When using the equipotential
cable, its length should be less
than 2m.(indoor)

Huawei Confidential

Page 29

Main Equipment B,C


18. When adjusting the level of the base by adjusting bolts, the pads
should be added to its bottom to increase its stress area and avoid its
distortion. (indoor)
19. The interconnecting piece on the top of the cabinet must be installed
and tightened. (indoor)
20. PVC troughs should be installed on the wall for power and signal cables
of alarm box. Redundant power and signal cables should be put under
the floor or on the cabling ladder of alarm box side. (indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

ith uniform spacing and moderate tightness.


in a tidy way. Their redundant indoor parts
ottom after they are tied without any spine.

Main Equipment B,C

Page 31

Main Equipment B,C


22. Jumpers are laid according to layers and sectors. (indoor, outdoor)
23. The matter that is paint break off and scratch and smear can not appear on
cabinet. Which may be affect the equipment appearance. Otherwise the
equipment must be repaint and cleaned. (indoor, outdoor)
24. The connection position of cable connector should reserve some
redundancies. (indoor, outdoor)
25. The rack-mounting ear should be perfect. If some breakages occur on it,
repair activities should be done with spray paint. (indoor, outdoor)
26. The upper plane of antistatic floor in the equipment room cannot be higher
than the lower plane of the base to avoid to affect the ventilation. (indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 32

Main Equipment B,C

27. The installation position of rack and the cable route must accord to the
engineering document, for easy to maintenance and future expansion.
(indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 33

28. All of false boards and


panels should be installed
according to requirements.
(indoor, outdoor)

Main Equipment B,C

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

Page 34

Main Equipment B,C


29. The alarm box should be correctly installed according to design
requirements. Its panel should be clean without any obvious scratches.
(indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 35

Chapter 2 Hardware Quality Standard


2.1 General
2.2 Main Equipment
2.3 Antenna and Feeder Cable
2.4 Power Cable and Grounding
Rule
2.5 Other

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 36

Antenna and Feeder Cable A

Without mastic cement

1. Waterproof and sealed measures for all outdoor jumpers and feeder cables
should be correctly adopted according to specifications. (indoor, outdoor)
2. The feeder cables should not have obvious bending and twisting and bare
copper appearance. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 37

Antenna and Feeder Cable A


45o

3. Antennas should be in the 45-degree protected area of lightning rod. (indoor,


outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 38

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

er cable is made in a standard way without any


oor, outdoor)

Antenna and Feeder Cable A

Huawei Confidential

Page 39

Antenna and Feeder Cable A


5. The connection between antenna
support and tower should be
reliable and firm. The connection
between antenna and its support
should also be reliable and firm
(indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Antenna and feeder check:


1. The azimuth and tilt angle of
the installed antenna must
accord with design
specifications ;
2. The antenna connection and
sector relationship are correct
without reverse connection and
misconnection ;
3. The calibration test and
sensitivity test indexes of base
station accord to
requirements ;

Huawei Confidential

Page 40

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

hould be vertical. Its error should be less than 2


tdoor)
Huawei Confidential

the directional antenna should not be more than


gle error should not be more than 0.5 degrees.

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

Page 41

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

bent on the top of a building and then extended


the protective means should be used for the
all corner. When the feeder cable enter to room
clamps should be used to fix the feeder cable.

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

Huawei Confidential

Page 42

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

installed on the top of building to lead the feeder


st be sealed well. The antenna jumper and the
eder winder must have waterproof bends.

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

Page 43

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


5. The antenna feeder
lightning-proof arrester of
GPS/GLONASS must be
installed correctly and firmly
inside the cabinet. Its
protected port should face the
base station (check when the
GPS/GLONASS antenna exists)
(indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 44

6. The space between


feeder clamps should be
even and their direction
should be same after
installed. They should also
be fixed firmly without
any loose connection
7. The feeder cables can not
cross after distributed. In
the room they should be
neat and straight with
same bend.

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

Page 45

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

8. The antenna jumper and the feeder cable before entering


the cabinet must have waterproof bends. (outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 46

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


9. The top of an omni antenna jacket should be level of or higher than the
antenna support. (indoor, outdoor)
10. When installing the tower amplification module, the side of connecting
the antenna should be upward, and the other side of connecting the
feeder cable should be downward. The installation position of tower
amplification module should be close to the antenna. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 47

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

11. The labels of communication cables, feeder cables and jumper should be
stuck and tied according to specifications. The labels should be arranged
in an orderly way with same direction. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 48

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

12. The installation position of antenna should be accorded with the design document. (indoor,
outdoor)
13. The distance between an omni antenna and the tower body should not less than 1.5m, and that
between a directional antenna and the tower body should not be less than 1m. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 49

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


14. The horizontal space between master
and diversity antennas of an omni
antenna should not be less than 4m for
M800 or 2m for M1900. (indoor,
outdoor)
15. The horizontal space between master
and diversity antennas of a single-pole
directional antenna should not be less
than 4m for M800 or 2m for M1900.
(indoor, outdoor)
16. The vertical space between two
directional antennas installed on the
same support should not be less than
0.5m. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 50

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

17. Some redundancies 3~5mm


should be reserved when
cutting all of cable ties of
outdoor. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 51

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C

18. The minimum bending radius of a feeder cable should not


be less than 20 times of its diameter. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 52

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


90o

19. The support of the


GPS/GLONASS antenna
is fixed firmly. In the
area of its 90-degree
vertical angle there is no
barrier (check when the
GPS/GLONASS antenna
exist). (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 53

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


20. The jumper of the antenna should be
tied along the rail of the support to the
steel frame of the power. (indoor,
outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 54

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


antenna

Sector 2

Sector 0

Color ring label


jumper

To Tower

Feeder ladder

feeder

Indoor
jumper

BTS cabinet

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 55

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


21. For a tower-mounted base station, the color rings are attached at the
following positions:
On the jumper that connects to the antenna, attach a color ring 200
mm [0.66 ft] away from the feeder connector.
On the feeder that is outside the equipment room, attach a color
ring 200 mm [0.66 ft] away from the feeder connector.
On the feeder that is led down from the tower platform, attach a
color ring 1 m [3.28 ft] away from the feeder connector.
On the feeder that is outside the feeder window, attach a color ring
1 m [3.28 ft] away from the feeder window.
On the feeder that is inside the equipment room, attach a color ring
200 mm [0.66 ft] away from the feeder connector.
On the jumper that connects to the cabinet, attach a color ring 200
mm [0.66 ft] away from the feeder connector.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 56

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


Commonly used three-sector mains and diversity antenna:
System

Sector
1

The
first
set of
syste
m

Configuration of Colored Ring Labels


Main and diversity: red, two rings
Diversity: red, one ring

Main and diversity: yellow, two rings


Diversity: yellow, one ring

Main and diversity: blue, two rings


Diversity: blue, one ring

Main and diversity: one white ring + two red


rings
Main and diversity: one white ring + one red
ring

The
second
set of
syste
m

Main and diversity: one white ring + two


yellow rings
Main and diversity: one white ring + one
yellow ring

Main and diversity: one white ring + two


blue rings

Remarks
Cell default
definition: cell 1 is in
the north, and the
cells in the clockwise
direction are cell 2
and 3 respectively.
When multiple
systems share a site,
the feeders of
different systems
need to be
distinguished. For the
second set of system,
add a white ring
besides the red,
yellow, and blue rings.
For the third set of
system, add two white
rings besides the red,
yellow, and blue rings.

Huawei Confidential
Main and diversity:
one white ring + one Page

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

57

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


Special six-sector multiple antennas:
One antenna
Sector

Main (antenna
1)

Two antennas

Diversity
(antenna 1)

Main (antenna
2)

Diversity
(antenna 2)

Red, two rings

Red, one ring

Red, four rings

Red, three rings

Yellow, two
rings

Yellow, one ring

Yellow, four
rings

Yellow, three
rings

Blue, two rings

Blue, one ring

Blue, four rings

Blue, three rings

Purple, two
rings

Purple, one ring

Purple, four
rings

Purple, three
rings

Orange, two
rings

Orange, one ring

Orange, four
rings

Orange, three
rings

Green, two
rings

Green, one ring

Green, four
rings

Green, three ring

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 58

Antenna and Feeder Cable B, C


22. When installing the omni antenna on a roof, the blind zones should be
avoided as much as possible. (indoor, outdoor)
23. When the front of cabinet is parallel to the feeder cable inside the room or
the back of cabinet faces it, a sector is in line and the order of each line
should be same. When the front of cabinet is vertical to the feeder cable
inside the room, a sector is in row and the order of each row should be
same. (indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 59

Chapter 2 Hardware Quality Standard


2.1 General
2.2 Main Equipment
2.3 Antenna and Feeder Cable
2.4 Power Cable and Grounding
Rule
2.5 Other

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 60

Power Cable and Grounding Rule A

1. Each power cable or ground cable should be a whole section of copper core
cable without any connector in between. It also should be connected firmly
according to specifications. (indoor, outdoor)
2. When making copper lugs at the two ends of a power cable or ground cable,
they should be soldered or crimped firmly. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 61

Power Cable and Grounding Rule A


3. When the power
cable and ground
cable are
distributed
outside the
cabinet, they
should be tied
away from other
cables. (indoor,
outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 62

Power Cable and Grounding Rule A


4. The DDF frame and
environment alarm box of
base station must be earthed
properly. (indoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 63

Power Cable and Grounding Rule A


(1) Cable
(2) Nut
(3) Spring
washer
(4) Flat washers
(5) bolt

5. The grounding cable and power cable of equipment is connected


correctly. Their flat washers, spring washers and nuts are installed in a
right order. The nuts are tightened properly. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 64

Power Cable and Grounding Rule A


6. The redundant part of a grounding cable or power cable should be cut
and cannot be coiled. (indoor, outdoor)
7. The grounding of antenna and feeder cable on the top of a building
without a tower should be connected to the nearby lightning-proof
protection grounding net of the roof. (indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 65

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

and bare wire of a power cable or grounding


rapped with the tube or insulating adhesive tape,
n not be bared. (indoor, outdoor)

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

Page 66

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

2. The feeder cable of


GPS/GLONASS should have a
reliable grounding point. The indoor
lightning-proof arrester of
GPS/GLONASS is directly connected
to the GPS/GLONASS signal input
port of the cabinet and does not
need to earthed. The grounding of
lightning-proof protection can be
adopted close the GPS/GLONASS
antenna of outdoor. (check when
the GPS/GLONASS antenna exists).
(indoor, outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 67

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Confidential

t should be connected to the grounding bolt


y the delivered or purchased cable. The
oor should be connected firmly. (indoor,

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

Page 68

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

4. The feeder grounding clip is directly fixed on the steel sheet of the tower
perfectly. The installation of this clip must accord with the standard
requirement. The antirust, anticorrosive and waterproof measures are
adopted for the grounding clip and reliable connection. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 69

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

5. The grounding bar must be wiped off rust and cleaned dirt before they are
connected, in order to ensure their reliable connection. The outside
grounding bar must be anticorrosion and antirust processed by using selfspray paint or other protection materials after they are connected in order to
ensure their long-term good contact. Each connecting terminal should be
installed correctly and firmly together with flat washers and spring washers.
(indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 70

3cm

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

6. The space between a power


cable/ground cable and a
signaling cable outside the
cabinet should be more than 3
cm. (indoor, outdoor)

Huawei Confidential

Page 71

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C
7. When the tower is more than 60 meters, add a grounding clip to the
feeder in the middle of the tower. (indoor, outdoor)
8. If the length of feeder cable from the tower to the room on the roof (or
cabling ladder) is more than 20 meters, a lightning-proof protection
grounding clip should be added on the roof (or cabling rack). (indoor,
outdoor)
9. The cable route for the power cable or ground cable should be accord with
engineering document so that capacity expansion becomes easy. (indoor,
outdoor)
10. The feeder cable goes into the room along the wall. If a cable ladder is
used, it should be earthed. (indoor)
11. The grounding cable of feeder clips should extend from up to down. The
angle between the grounding cable and the feeder cable should not be
more than 15 degrees. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 72

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

ld be earthed at three points at least between the


uipment room (within one meter away from the
ower, within one meter between the tower body and
der, and within one meter between the feeder cable
. The feeder cable is tied firmly at the grounding
aterproof treatments. (indoor, outdoor)

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

Huawei Confidential

Page 73

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

13. The labels of power cable and ground cable are filled in and stuck correctly
and reliably. They should be tidy position and same direction. They should be
stuck on a position 2 cm away from their connectors. They can be made in a
uniform way according to customer requirements, including the label for power
distribution switch. (indoor, outdoor)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 74

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C
14. The diameter of the power cable, ground cable or equipotential cable
between cabinets should meet the power distribution requirement.
(indoor, outdoor)
15. The functions of power supply and fan are normal. (indoor, outdoor)
16. The power cable or grounding cable should be tied in a straight and tidy
way with smooth bending. (indoor, outdoor)
17. The color of distributed power cables and ground cables should conform
to the shipment, or satisfy requirements of the customer. (indoor,
outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 75

Power Cable and Grounding Rule


B,C

18. When connecting two or more cables to a wire pole, the cross or back-toback installation method is generally adopted. When lugs are overlapped,
they should be bent at an angle of 45 or 90 degrees, the bigger lugs should
be put on the bottom and smaller one should be put on the top. (indoor,
outdoor)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 76

Chapter 2 Hardware Quality Standard


2.1 General
2.2 Main Equipment
2.3 Antenna and Feeder Cable
2.4 Power Cable and Grounding
Rule
2.5 Others

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 77

Others
Retain the additional engineering material for future use. There

couldnt waste or throw away the engineering material optionally. A


The project should be implemented in compliance with related

standards. for construction behaviors, safety in production, power


supply operations and equipment room of the customer. A
The engineering supervisor must upload the completion photographs

for the BTS along with Hardware Self-Check Report to the EPMS
system. A

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 78

Others
The power-on hardware test of equipment is normal. B
The installation tools accord with the antistatic requirements. C
The signal cables for future capacity expansion should be tied to or

inserted into the reserved position inside an expansion cabinet. For


easy to maintenance and expansion and avoid to lose. C
The unused connector should be protected through adding a

protective cap i.e.. C


The floor gaps around the rack should be blocked up. Discarded

cable ties, screws and other sundries should not be found under the
floor. C
The equipment room should be neatness and tidy. Discarded

packing materials should be cleaned. Spare parts should be


arranged in a tidy way after installation. C
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 79

Thanks
www.huawei.com