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M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G

M A T E R I A L

H A N

D L I N G E Q U P M E N T .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G

What is Material Handling?

“Efficient short-distance movement of goods that usually takes place within the confines of a building such as a plant or a warehouse or between a building and a transportation agency. ”

Material Handling Equipment

Material Handling Dimensions

Movement Time Quantity Space

Why Material Handling?

improves efficiency Improves productivity Maximize profits Competitive edge

The most successful brands in the world uses material handling and logistic solutions to gain competitive edge

Toyota Wal-Mart Disney Coca Cola NASA John Deere Mitsubishi Pepsi-Cola

Where MHE is utilized

Where MHE is utilized • Warehouses • Manufacturing Plants • Ports • Airports

Warehouses Manufacturing Plants Ports Airports

Baggage Handling in an Air Port

Baggage Handling in an Air Port

Material Handling Equipment

Material handling equipment (MHE) is used for the movement , storage ,protection, consumption and disposal of materials within a facility or at a site.

Types of material handling equipment

Transport Equipment Positioning Equipment Unit Load Formation Equipment Storage Equipment Identification and Control Equipment

Transport Equipment

These equipment are used to move materials from one location to other

Conveyers

Equipment used to move materials over a fixed path between specific points

Conveyers • Equipment used to move materials over a fixed path between specific points

Types of Conveyers

Mainly there are about 20 types of

conveyers

Belt conveyers

Chute conveyers Wheel conveyers Roller conveyers Chain conveyers Slat conveyers Flat belt conveyers Magnetic belt conveyers Vertical conveyers

conveyers are used

When material is to be moved frequently between specific points To move materials over a fixed path When there is a sufficient flow volume to justify the fixed conveyor investment

Cranes

Equipment used to move materials over variable paths within a restricted area.

Cranes • Equipment used to move materials over variable paths within a restricted area.

Types of cranes

• Jib cranes • Bridge cranes • Gantry cranes • Stacker cranes
• Jib cranes
• Bridge cranes
• Gantry cranes
• Stacker cranes

Industrial Trucks

Equipment used to move materials over variable paths, with no restrictions on the area covered by the movement

Types of industrial trucks

Types of industrial trucks • Hand Truck • Pallet Jack • Walkie Stacker

Hand Truck Pallet Jack Walkie Stacker

Counterbalanced lift truck Narrow-Aisle reach truck

• Counterbalanced lift truck • Narrow-Aisle reach truck

Fork Lifts

most common equipment in material handling

Fork Lifts • most common equipment in material handling

Unit Load Formation Equipment

Unit load formation equipment used to restrict materials so that they maintain their integrity when handled a single load during transport and for storage

Pallets

48 x 40 in. pallet is most popular in US 1200 x 800 mm "Euro-Pallet" is the standard pallet in

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is a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift,

Pallet Boxes

Reusable container used to unitize and protect loose items for fork/platform truck handling

Pallet Boxes Reusable container used to unitize and protect loose items for fork/platform truck handling

Storage Equipment

Drive Through Rack

Drive Through Rack
Drive-In Rack

Drive-In Rack

Drive-In Rack

Flow-Through Rack

Flow-Through Rack

Push-Back Rack

Push-Back Rack

Identification and Control Equipment

Identification and control equipment is used to collect and communicate the information that is used to coordinate the flow of materials within a facility and between a facility and its suppliers and customers.

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Ref:

Bar Codes

Unique bar/space patterns represent various alphanumeric characters.

Bar code system consists of bar code label, bar code scanner, and bar code printer.

Contact bar code scanners use pen or wand to read labels.

Non-contact bar code scanners include fixed beam, moving beam, and omni-directional beam.

1-D codes are most common; 2-D codes enable much greater data storage capability.

Bar codes and scanners

Bar codes and scanners Contact Scanner Non contact scanner
Bar codes and scanners Contact Scanner Non contact scanner
Bar codes and scanners Contact Scanner Non contact scanner

Contact Scanner

Bar codes and scanners Contact Scanner Non contact scanner

Non contact scanner

Radio Frequency (RF) Tag

Magnetic Stripe

Machine Vision

Machine Vision

Safety in Material Handling

We need to consider two main aspects

Material Safety Human Safety