HOLY CHILD COLLEGES OF BUTUAN

BUTUAN CITY
MELJUN CORTES

The
Parts
of a
Comput
er

What makes a computer powerful?

Speed

Reliability

Storage

A computer can do billions of
actions per second.

Failures are usually due to human
error, one way or another. (Blush for
us all!)

A computer can keep huge amounts
of data.

A ‘typical’ computer
system

?

 screen, or monitor, on which there are windows
 keyboard
 mouse/trackpad

window 1

window 2

 variations
 desktop
 laptop
 PDA
12-37pm

the devices dictate the styles of interaction that the system
supports
If we use different devices, then the interface will support a
different style of interaction

The Computer
a computer system is made up of various elements
each of these elements affects the interaction
 input devices – text entry and pointing
 output devices – screen (small&large), digital paper
 paper – as output (printer) and input (scanner)
 memory – RAM & permanent media, capacity & access
 processing – speed of processing, networks

Interacting with
computers
to understand human–computer interaction
… need to understand computers!
what goes in and out
devices, paper,
sensors, etc.

what can it do?

memory, processing,
networks

Personal or
micro
Computers

for personal use come in all shapes and sizes, from tiny
PDAs (personal digital assistant) to hefty PC (personal computer) towers. More
specialized models are announced each week - trip planners, expense account
pads, language translators

Hand-held (HPC)

Desktop

PDA

Tower

Tablet PC

Laptop/Notebook

Workstation

Parts of a Computer
The parts of a Computer are:
Monitor,
Keyboard,
Mouse,
Scanner,
Printer,
Microphone,
Speakers,
CPU,
Joystick.

Inputs and Outputs
Mouse, Keyboard, Joystick and

Microphone are Inputs.
Printer, Scanner, Monitor and Speaker
are Outputs.

What is a computer?
A computer is an electronic device that executes the instructions in a program.
A computer has four functions:

a. accepts data

Input

b. processes data

Processing

c. produces output

Output

d. stores results

Storage

The Information Processing Cycle

The TOWER
contains
all of the parts
of a computer

hases Casing (Mid-tower Computer Case)

The
MOTHERBOARD is
the backbone of a
computer – all
other parts plug
into it

INPUT DEVICE
OUTPUT DEVICE
STORAGE DEVICE
MEMORY DEVICE
CPU
SYSTEM SOFTWARE
APPLICATION SOFTWARE

The CPU
(Central Processing
Unit) is the brain of a
computer – it tells the
other parts what to do

Optical Drive:
Drive
a.) CD-ROM Drive
b.) DVD Drive
FDDFDD Floppy Disk Drive
HDDHDD Hard Disk Drive

An INPUT DEVICE
lets you TALK TO the
computer

An OUTPUT
DEVICE
lets the computer
TALK TO you

Don’t be afraid!

Computer waits for you!
Microsoft Windows XP –

Operating system allows us to use the
computer

SYSTEM SOFTWARE

Desktop Settings
Change your:
 Desktop
 Screen Saver
 Power Settings
 Window

Appearance
 Screen Resolution

What will we work on together
today?
Computer Hardware and Software
What is the desktop?
Parts of the Window

Computer Hardware
External:

Monitor
Printer
Internal:

Memory [RAM temp]
Microprocessor chip

Secondary Storage Drives are following:

Internal

Hard drive [C drive]

Floppy disk drive [A drive]

CD drive [D drive]

Flash or Jump drive [E, F drive]
“Removable disk” or Brand Name

LCD MONITOR
CRT MONITOR

Cathode ray tube
 Stream of electrons emitted from electron gun, focused and

directed by magnetic fields, hit phosphor-coated screen
which glows
 used in TVs and computer monitors
electron beam
electron gun

focussing and
deflection
phosphorcoated screen

Liquid crystal displays
 Smaller, lighter, and … no radiation problems.
 Found on PDAs, portables and notebooks,

… and increasingly on desktop and even for home TV

 also used in dedicted displays:

digital watches, mobile phones, HiFi controls

 How it works …
 Top plate transparent and polarised, bottom plate reflecting.
 Light passes through top plate and crystal, and reflects back to eye.
 Voltage applied to crystal changes polarisation and hence colour
 N.B. light reflected not emitted => less eye strain

short term and long term
speed, capacity, compression
formats, access

Short-term Memory RAM
Random access memory (RAM)
 on silicon chips
 100 nano-second access time
 usually volatile (lose information if power turned off)
 data transferred at around 100 Mbytes/sec

Some non-volatile RAM used to store basic set-up

information

The ROM
Typical desktop computers:(Read Only Memory)
64 to 256 Mbytes RAM is the permanent
memory
of a computer

Long-term Memory disks
magnetic disks
 floppy disks store around 1.4 Mbytes
 hard disks typically 40 Gbytes to 100s of Gbytes

access time ~10ms, transfer rate 100kbytes/s

optical disks
 use lasers to read and sometimes write
 more robust that magnetic media
 CD-ROM

- same technology as home audio, ~ 600 Gbytes
 DVD - for AV applications, or very large files

Blurring boundaries
PDAs
often use RAM for their main memory

Flash-Memory
used in PDAs, cameras etc.
silicon based but persistent
plug-in USB devices for data transfer

speed and capacity
what do the numbers mean?
some sizes

(all uncompressed)

 this book, text only ~ 320,000 words, 2Mb
 the Bible ~ 4.5 Mbytes
 scanned page ~ 128 Mbytes

(11x8 inches, 1200 dpi, 8bit greyscale)

 digital photo ~ 10 Mbytes

(2–4 mega pixels, 24 bit colour)

 video ~ 10 Mbytes per second

(512x512, 12 bit colour, 25 frames per sec)

The MOTHERBOARD is the
of a computer

A) Brains
B) Backbone
C) Foot

ROM is the
computer

memory of a

A)
Permanen
t
B) Smart
C)

The CPU is the
computer

of a

A) Brains
B) Backbone
C) Foot

RAM is the
computer

memory of a

A)
Permanen
t
B) Smart
C)

An example of an INPUT DEVICE is:

A) Printer
B) Monitor
C) Mouse

An example of an OUTPUT DEVICE is:

A) Keyboard
B) Monitor
C) Mouse

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