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Computer can classified in to five types

according to generations i.e time period

. First generation computer


. Second generation computer
. Third generation computer
. Fourth generation computer
. Fifth generation computer
. First generation computer

Period : 1945 – 1956


Inviter : Lee de Forest
Main processing device : Vacuum
tubes
Vacuum tube
Vacuum tube
Vacuum tube
Vacuum tube
Vacuum tubes
Observing Vacuum
tube
Observing Vacuum
tube
Vacuum tube tester
Punched curds
Punched card Punched card
voting decks
Punched cards
models
Large punched
cards
. First generation computer
Advantages :
. It was only electronic device
. First device to hold memory

Disadvantages :
. Too bulky i.e large in size
. Vacuum tubes burn frequently
. They were producing heat

. Maintenance problems
Too bulky i.e large in
size
Vacuum tubes burn frequently
Maintenance problems
. Second generation computer

Period : 1956 – 1963


Inviter : William Shockley
Main processing device :
Transistor
Storage media : Magnetic disc
Transistor

1 2
Transistor
board
. Second generation computer

Advantages :
. Size reduced considerably
. The very fast

. Very much reliable

Disadvantages :
. They over heated quickly

. Maintenance problems
. Third generation computer

Period : 1964 – 1971


Inviter : Jack Kilby
Robert Noyce
Main processing device : IC
(integrated circuit)
Storage media : Floppies
IC (integrated circuit)
ICs (integrated circuits)
IC (integrated circuit)
. Third generation computer

Advantages :
. ICs are very small in size
. Improved performance

. Production cost cheap

Disadvantages :
. ICs are sophisticated
. Fourth generation computer

Period : 1971– present


Inviter : Ted Hoff
Main processing device : ICs with
VLSI
(Very Large Scale
Integration)
Storage media : Floppies, CDs.
ICs with VLSI
(Very Large Scale Integration)
. Fourth generation computer

Advantages :
. It is a compact
. Less power consumption
. Production cost is cheap

Disadvantages :
. No artificial intelligent.
. Fifth generation computer

Period : present and beyond


Main processing device : ICs with
parallel
processing
Storage media : Video disks
Advantages :
. Artificial intelligence
. Expert system
irst generation computer
. Second generation compu

Vacuum Transistors
tubes
hird generation computer
. Fourth generation compu

ICs ICs with VLSI

ifth generation computer

ICs with
parallel
processing
Computer is a group of electronic
devices used to process the data.
characteristics of a computer are:

1. Speed 4. Accuracy
2. Reliability 5. Automation
3. Memory capacity 6.
Functionality
7. Tirelessness
1.Speed: computer process the data at
an unimaginable speed. The speed of
the computer ranges up to Nano
seconds.
2. Reliability: The next important
characteristic of a computer is its
reliability. we can always rely on the
information given by a computer.
3. Memory capacity: The memory
capacity of a computer is measured in
in bits and bytes. Large amount of the
data can be stored in computer and
4. Accuracy: Accuracy of the
computer is very high it performs
calculation with greater accuracy
in less time.
5. Automation: a computer allows
automation for any process designed
in the from of a program. A program
can be executed any number of times
to repeat the process.
6. functionality: computer can performs
many kinds
of jobs. They not process the data but
also can be
Used for plying music, movies, and
printing jobs.
It finds its applications in all most all the
fields.
7. Tirelessness: A computer never gate
tired.