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GERUNDS

&
INFINITIVES
Unit 29

GERUNDS
• With verbs:
Admit, avoid, consider, delay, deny,
dislike, enjoy, imagine, mind, miss,
practise, resent, risk, suggest…
The only times to avoid travelling on the
underground are peak hours
The –ing form can be the subject or the
object of the verb.
Travelling by train can be a real treat.
They enjoy travelling and seeing the world

“My thanks for coming” Peter said We are only interested in talking to sensible people Can you begin by cleaning the windows? Mary insisted on wearing a dress to the party .• After prepositions: The –ing form always follows a preposition.

Instead of .It’s (not) worth It has all the amenities of a big city as well as being easily accessible.There’s no use/point in .To be/get/become used to .Can’t help .It’s no good / use . .• After common phrases: .As well as .

prefer. hope. expect. agree.INFINITIVES • Full infinitive: Afford. seem. intend. choose. help. promise. want… We can’t afford to go on holiday He asked to see the headmaster I wouldn’t want to cause them any problems . appear. pretend. ask.

Jimmy had borrowed my new bike. Perception verbs: feel. watch… I heard him speak to the children 2. so I had to make do with my old one. see. notice. listen. .• Bare infinitive: 1. Make and let in the phrases make do ( to manage to deal with a situation by using what is available)and let go (to stop holding something). hear.

needn’t. may/might. 4. Semiauxiliar verbs: should. must. can/could. I’d rather swim in the pool than go down to the beach You’d better see what he wants . will… You must finish you own work before you go out I can’t agree with you on this. After verbal idioms: would rather and had better.3.

GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES There are verbs that can be followed by both the gerund and the infinitive: • Verbs with no change in meaning: Afford. dread. cease. begin. (can’t) bear. prefer. commence. like. love. propose. loathe. hate. intend. neglect. continue. (can’t) stand. start… Your parents couldn't afford to buy you all the expensive things I wish I could afford buying a car every week .

love. She asked if he would like to go to ballet classes.• Gerund or infinitive can be used after the verbs like. He used to like going fishing. . -ing forms cannot be used after constructions such as: would+like/love/hate/prefer. Do you like to go shopping? • However. hate and prefer.

hopping to do it). perhaps outside the subject’s control). then there is mental activity  do it. She came running across the field (the subject is doing something as it moves) .• Verbs with change in meaning: Attempt: The pilot attempted to land (first there is mental activity about a possible future event  make an effort. hopping for success). Come: How did you come to be outside the wrong house? (something happens or develops. The pilot attempted landing (first it happens.

(he regretted. regret.45 from London.Forget. then I did it) I remember locking the door (I remember now. I just did not remember at the time you asked me) We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12. I locked the door earlier). He regretted speaking so rudely. he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past). (we feel sorry before we tell you this bad news). (I DID eat lunch today. (I DID NOT eat lunch today) I forgot eating lunch. I remembered to lock the door (I thought about it.remember: I forgot to eat lunch. .

which is often the next stage in a process) He went on speaking for to hours (to continue with an action) Mean: I mean to finish this job by the end of the week.Go on: After introducing her proposal. (to do next action. (expresses an intention or a plan) If you take that job in London it will mean travelling for two hours every day (what the result of an action will be or what will be necessary) . she went on to explain the benefits for the company.

. Mary tried closing the window. (to stop an activity/habit/vice) Try: Mary tried to close the window. (prove. experiment to solve something). Because it was very cold.Stop: Paul stopped to smoke.(to make a halt to do something) Paul stopped smoking. (to attempt to do something).

• Where there is no person after the verb: -ing form We aren’t allowed coming to class when we have a cold. forbid and permit. . allow. • Where there is a person after the verb: to+infinitive Beatriu doesn’t allow us to come to class when we have a cold.Depending on whether there is a person after the following verbs: advise.

...... • 6........ .. (go) home......... I recommend ... Frank offered.... (walk) through Charles Bridge....... • 2...... • 5................... When you are in Prague......EXERCISES • 1.............. The doctor advised.......... • 3..(see) a specialist... • 4... John agreed ......... Peter enjoys ... (help) us paint the house. (read) fiction. She refused........... (meet) us at the restaurant at 7:30...

....... • 11. • 9. Avoid ......... (fly) an aeroplane..... (go) by bike....... He agreed ....... (make) the silly mistake. • 8..........• 7........ I can’t imagine Sue . We would like ...................... She promised .. ........... • 12.... (take) us to the beach............ (buy) new computer................... ( help) me with my homework. • 10........................... He offered .

. • 13... • 16.. ..................... She enjoys .....( say) that.. • 14.............. (make) so much noise.. • 15. (do) it myself..........(talk) to new people.... Avoid ...................... I hope they stop ... I decided .• 12............. (make) the silly mistake........................... I deny ....

.. I can’t bear ................ They pretend ...... (bring ) the book...... • 20.................. (shout) .................. He started ... He reminded me .... (know) all the answers..... I would advise you ............. • 19... (be) quiet........ (wait) • 21... • 18...• 17.................................

TO TAKE 18. TO BE 9. TO HELP 13. SEEING 16. READING 12. GOING 20. TO BUY 21. TO BRING 8. TO KNOW 7.ANSWERS 1. TO DO 6. TO SHOUT/ SHOUTING 11. MAKING 2. MAKING 4. TO WAIT / WAITING 10. TO HELP 19. TO MEET 15. TO FLY . TALKIING 5. SAYING 3. TO GO 14. WALKING 17.

THE END Maria Pérez Fran Garcia Lucia Català Mónica Obiols Merxe Martínez Monika Kaposztasova .

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