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Introduction to Trigonometric

Functions

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• Trig functions are the
relationships amongst
various sides in right
triangles.
• You know by the
Pythagorean theorem
that the sum of the
squares of each of
the smaller sides
equals the square of
the hypotenuse, a 2  b2  c 2

You know in the above triangle that 2 2 2 a b  c Trig functions are how the relationships amongst the lengths of the sides of a right triangle vary as the other angles are changed. .

a/b. a/c.How does this relate to trig? • The opposite side divided by the hypotenuse. is called the sine of angle A • The adjacent side divided by the hypotenuse. b/c. is called the tangent of Angle A . is called the cosine of Angle A • The opposite side divided by the adjacent side.

Remember SOHCAHTOA • Sine is Opposite divided by Hypotenuse • Cosine is Adjacent divided by Hypotenuse • Tangent is Opposite divided by Adjacent • SOHCAHTOA!!!!!! .

Table of Contents • • • • • Examples Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 .

Example 1 If a = 3 and c = 6. what is the measurement of angle A? .

Answer: a/c is a sine relationship with A. . from your calculator. angle A = 30 degrees. Sine A = 3/6 = .5.

Lying on the ground at the end of the shadow you measure an angle of 25 degrees to the top of the flagpole.Example 2 • A flagpole casts a 100 foot shadow at noon. • How High is the flagpole? .

How do you solve this question? • • • • • • • You have an angle. .47)(100).47 = 100 x = (. 100 feet. and the length of the side next to the angle.47 . 25 degrees. the tangentx of 25 is . You are trying to find the length of the side opposite the angle. Opposite/adjacent is a tangent relationship Let x be the height of the flagpole From your calculator. x = 47 The flagpole is 47 feet high.

Click on the correct answer. and b = 50 feet.Question 1 • Given Angle A is 35 degrees. • A. • Find c. 71 feet . 61 feet • B 87 feet • C.

You knew that the cosine finds the relationship between the adjacent and the hypotenuse. or approximately 61 Next question . • Cosine 35 = 50/c. c Cosine 35 = 50.GREAT JOB! • You have an angle and an adjacent side. • So c = 50/cos 35. you need to find the hypotenuse.

Nice try • You have an angle and the adjacent side. • What relationship uses the adjacent and the hypotenuse? Back to Question Back to tutorial . You want to find the hypotenuse.

• A. 26 degrees . 60 degrees • B. what is the angle? Please click on the correct answer. and the hypotenuse is 100. 30 degrees • C.Question 2 • If the adjacent side is 50.

you recognized that the adjacent divided by the hypotenuse was a cosine relationship.Way to go! • Given the adjacent side and the hypotenuse. • A = 60 degrees Next question . • Cosine A = 50/100.

what relationship will give you the angle? Back to question Back to tutorial .Nice try • Given an adjacent side and a hypotenuse.

Question 3 • If the opposite side is 75. and the angle is 80 degrees. 13 . 431 • B. how long is the adjacent side? • A. 76 • C.

• b tangent 80 = 75.Nice job • You were given the opposite side of 75 and an angle of 80 degrees and were asked to find the adjacent side. You recognized that this was a tangent relationship. 75 • b= = 13 tan 80 Next question . • Tangent 80 = 75/b.

What relationship uses the opposite side and the adjacent side? Back to question Back to tutorial . and have been asked to find the adjacent side.Nice Try • You are given an angle and the opposite side.

155 a A ________ C b .Question 4: If B = 50 degrees and b = 100 what is c? B _ __ C. 130 c ________ A. 84 __ __ __ __ B.

Nice try • What is the relationship between B and b? And. what is the relationship between b and c? Return to question Return to tutorial .

Go to next section . Then. c = 100/sine 50 = 130. • Sine 50 = 100/c.Great job! • First. you recognized that the relationship between an opposite side and the hypotenuse is a sine relationship. you recognized that b is the opposite side from B. c Sine 50 = 100.

Introduction to Quadrants II __________________ 90 degrees I 180 degrees______________________ 0 degrees III 270 degrees IV .

Quadrants • All angles are divided into 4 quadrants • Angles between 0 and 90 degrees are in quadrant 1 • Angles between 90 and 180 degrees are in quadrant II • Angles between 180 and 270 degrees are in quadrant III • Angles between 270 and 360 degrees are in quadrant IV • Why is this important? Click and find out! .

Importance of quadrants • Different trig functions are positive and negative in different quadrants. “All Students Take Classes” . • The easy way to remember which are positive and negative in each quadrant it to remember.

Cosine functions are positive .All Students Take Classes • Quadrant I: 0 – 90 degrees: All: All trig functions are positive • Quadrant II: 90 – 180 degrees: Students: Sine functions are positive • Quadrant III: 180 – 270 degrees: Take: Tangent functions are positive • Quadrant IV: 270 – 360 degrees: Classes.

Standard Angle Values Angle Sine Cosine Tangent 0 30 45 60 90 0 1 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 2 2 1 2 0 2 0 4 1 3 2 2 3 1 4 0 .

Write • Instead of 1 2 2 2 .Remember • Simplify the fractions • Place the radicals in the numerator.

Return to home page . and you have learned values of sine.Congratulations • You have learned how to use the 3 main trig functions. you have learned which functions are positive in which quadrants. and tangent for 5 standard angles. cosine.