You are on page 1of 12

RANKPI Training

Key Performance Indicators (KPI) and Network Optimization Cycle


1

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

Overview of 3G KPI
3G KPIs are basically divided into the following scopes:
Field Measurement KPI
RAN KPI
Core Network KPI
Core Network
KPI
RAN KPI
End-to-End KPI
BS
GPRS
Backbone

PS data
server

3G SGSN

FMT

RNC

Modem

3G MSC
PSTN

Field
Measurement KPI
2

Nokia Siemens Networks

Firewall

GGSN

End-to-End

RN31583EN20GLA0KPI

CS data
server

Internet

Factors Affecting Network Performance


Many factors and network elements can affect the network performance.
Here are some of the main examples:
Quality of network equipment, both hardware and software BTS, RNC,
PS Core, CS Core and transmission equipment
Performance of UE and field measurement tools inter-operability,
sensitivities of measurement parameters, level of accuracy
Quality of network planning and optimisation coverage, interference,
parameter tuning, capacity dimensioning
Quality of network implementation - site and network equipment
installation, integration and commissioning
Quality of network operation and maintenance
Multi-vendor environment Application servers, IP Backbone
Measurement method test setup, service dependent, cluster or system
level, area type (dense urban, urban, suburban, rural).

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

Field Measurement KPI

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

Field Measurement KPI Classification


Field Measurement KPI can be classified into the following
categories:
Coverage
Accessibility
Retainability
Service Quality
Mobility
BS
GPRS
Backbone

Field
Measurement KPI

Nokia Siemens Networks

PS data
server

3G SGSN

FMT

RNC

Modem

3G MSC
PSTN

RN31583EN20GLA0

Firewall

GGSN

CS data
server

Internet

Field Measurement KPI


Coverage
KPI Class
Indicates
Coverage (per CPICH RSCP >= xx dBm with yy % probability
CPICH Ec/No >= xx dB with yy % probability
area type)

Formula
100*(nbr_of_samples_rscp_>=_xxdBm)/(tot_nbr_of_samples)
100*(nbr_of_samples_ecno_>=_xxdB)/(tot_nbr_of_samples)

Accessibility
KPI Class
Accessibility

Indicates
Call Setup Success Ratio, Voice [%]

Formula
100*(nbr_of_successful_call_setup_att_voice)/(nbr_of_call_setup_att_voice)
100*(nbr_of_successful_call_setup_att_rt_service)/(nbr_of_call_setup_att_rt_serv
Service Setup Success Ratio, RT Service Other Than Voice [%] ice)
100*(nbr_of_successful_call_setup_att_nrt_service)/(nbr_of_call_setup_att_nrt_s
Service Setup Success Ratio, NRT Service [%]
ervice)
Call Setup Delay, Voice [sec]
Average(call_setup_delay_voice)
Service Setup Delay, RT Service Other Than Voice [sec]
Average(call_setup_delay_rt_service)
Service Setup Delay, NRT Service [sec]
Average(call_setup_delay_nrt_service)

Retainability

KPI Class
Retainability

Indicates
Call Complete Ratio, Voice [%]
Service Complete Ratio, RT Service Other Than Voice [%]
Service Complete Ratio, NRT Service [%]

Formula
100*(nbr_of_normal_rel_call_voice)/(nbr_of_successful_call_setup_att_voice)
100*(nbr_of_normal_rel_call_rt_service)/(nbr_of_successful_call_setup_att_rt_se
rvice)
100*(nbr_of_normal_rel_call_nrt_service)/(nbr_of_successful_call_setup_att_nrt_
service)

Service Quality & Mobility


KPI Class
Indicates
Service Quality Effective Bandwidth, NRT Service [kbit/s]
Average Throughput, NRT Service [kbit/s]
Average Round Trip Delay, NRT Service [msec]
Soft Handover Success Ratio [%]
Mobility
6

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

Formula
Average(allocated_bw_over_data_session_period)
Average(downloaded_data_kbit/data_session_period)
Average(rtd_32bytes)
100*(nbr_of_asu_comp)/(nbr_of_asu)

RAN KPIs

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

RAN KPI Classification


The RAN KPI can be classified into the following categories :
Accessibility
Retainability
Usage
RAN KPI
Mobility
BS
Firewall
Throughput
GGSN
GPRS
Internet
Backbone
PS data
server

3G SGSN

FMT

RNC

Modem

3G MSC
PSTN

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

CS data
server

Principles of performance measurements


Illustration on RAN KPI
SRNC
Relocation
RNC
SRNC
RNC
Accessibility:
RRC Setup & Access Rate
RAB Setup & Access Rate
Call Setup Success Rate
PS setup success rate
(NRT,HSDPA, HSUPA)

Usage:
Cell Availability
Ave. Uplink Load
Ave. Downlink Load
HSDPA Throughput
Cell Throughput
BTS2

UE

BTS1

Retainability:
RRC Drop Rate
RAB Drop Rate
PS success rate (NRT,
HSDPA, HSUPA)

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

Mobility:
SHO/ISHO Success Rate
SHO Overhead
HDSPA/HSUPA SCC
success rate

Pre-emption

3G Optimization Cycle

10

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

KPI Target
Definition

Verification

Cluster
Verification

3G Optimization Cycle
Optimisation

Improvement
Proposal
11

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0

Drive Tests

Analysis &
Report

Thank you!

19

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31583EN20GLA0