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EQUATIONS

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE

NUMBER OF MOLES AND THE

NUMBER OF PARTICLES

dozen of chemistry books?

contain 12 books

Definition of Mole

A

O F

M O L E

I S

A N

S U B S T A N C E

C O N T A I N S

A S

P A R T I C L E S

N U M B E R

E X A C T L Y

O F

A S

T H A T

M A N Y

T H E

A T O M S

1 2 g

C A R B O N - 1 2

A M O U N T

O F

I N

Definition of Avogadro

Constant

T H E

A V O G A D R O

C O N S T A N T ,

D E F I N E D

N U M B E R

I N

O N E

A S

O F

I S

T H E

P A R T I C L E S

M O L E

S U B S T A N C E

O F

MOLE

1 mole of atomic

substance

contains

1 mole of molecular

substance

contains

1 mole of ionic

substance

contains

6.02 x 1023

atoms

6.02 x 1023

molecules

6.02 x 1023

ions

Example

1 mole of Na

contains

1 mole of H2O

6.02 x 1023 water molecules

contains

1 mole of Na+

contains

6.02 x 1023

x NA

Number of

atom

Number of

mole

NA

6.02 x 1023

Example 1

Count number of atom in 0.4 mol of carbon

atom.

Solution:

= 0.4 mole x Avogadro constant

= 0.4 mole x 6.02 x 1023 atom

= 2.408 x 1023 atoms

Example 2

There are 3 mol hydrogen gases, H2 in one container.

Determine

H H

2. Number of hydrogen atom

x NA

Number of mole

molecule

Number of

molecule

= 3 x Avogadro Constant

= 3 x 6.02 x 1023 molecule

= 1.81 x 1024 molecule

Number of

molecule

Number of

atom

= 2 x number of molecule hydrogen, H

= 2 x 1.806 x 1024 molecule

= 3.612 x 1024 atom

Example 3

Count number of NaCl in 4 mole of NaCl.

Solution;

1 mole substance

STEP 1 : GET THE INFORMATION FROM QUESTION

Number of mole NaCl = 4 mole

STEP 2 : USE THE RELATIONSHIP

= 2.408 x 1024 NaCl molecules

Example 4

Count number of Cl- ions in 4 mole of NaCl.

have 1 ion Cl-

So;

One mole unit of NaCl

? ion Cl-

4 mole units of NaCl = 4 x 6.02 x 1023

= 2.408 x 1024 units NaCl

There is 1 Cl- ion in NaCl,

So, there are 2.408 x 1024 Cl- ions

QUESTION 1

A sample contains 6.02 x 1025 molecules of water.

How many moles of water are there in the sample?

A. 300 moles

B. 10 moles

C. 100 moles

D. 15 moles

Answer:

C. 100 mole

Explanation

Number of

molecule

NA

Number of

mole

So,

No of mole of water are

= 6.02 x 1025

6.02 x 1023

NA

= 100 moles

BACK

QUESTION 2

Find the number of mole of hydrogen gas, H2

containing 3.01 x 1024 hydrogen molecules,

H2.

A. 7 mole

B. 5 mole

C. 10 mole

D. 4 mole

Explanation

Number of

molecule

NA

Number of

mole

So,

No of mole of hydrogen gas are

= 3.01 x 1024

6.02 x 1023

NA

= 5 moles

BACK

QUESTION 3

How many moles of bromine gas, Br2 contain

1.505 x 1024 molecules of bromine gas, Br2?

A. 3.0 moles

B. 4.5 moles

C. 1.0 moles

D. 2.5 moles

Explanation

Number of

molecule

NA

Number of

mole

So,

No of mole of bromine gas are

= 1.505 x 1024

6.02 x 1023

NA

= 2.5 moles

BACK

QUESTION 1

A closed glass bottle contains 0.5 mol of oxygen

gas, O2. How many oxygen gas molecules, O2 are

there in the bottle?

Number of

mole

X NA

Number of

molecule

So,

No. of oxygen gas molecule,O2 are

= 0.5 x 6.02 x 1023

= 3.01 x 1023

NA

BACK

QUESTION 2

A closed glass bottle contains 0.5 mol of oxygen gas, O2.

How many oxygen atoms are there in the bottle?

x NA

Number of

mole molecule

Number of

molecule

Number of

atom

= 0.5 x 6.02 x 1023

= 3.01 x 1023

So,

No. of oxygen atom are

= 3.01 x 1023 x 2

= 6.02 x 1023

NA

BACK

QUESTION 3

Find the number of moles of CO2 molecules in a sample

containing 9.03 x 1023 molecules of carbon dioxide, CO2.

Number of

molecule

NA

Number of

mole

So,

No of mole of CO2 gas molecule are

= 9.03 x 1023

6.02 x 1023

NA

= 1.5 moles

BACK

QUESTION 1

A container contains 1.806 x 1023 oxygen molecules,O2. A

sample of 0.5 mol of oxygen gas, O2 is added to the

container. How many molecules are there altogether in the

container?

Number of

mole

X NA

Number of

molecule

= 0.5 x 6.02 x 1023

NA

So,

No. of O2 molecules in the container are

= 3.01 x 1023 + 1.806 x 1023

= 4.816 x 1023 molecules

BACK

QUESTION 2

Calcium is needed for the formation of bones and teeth.

How many calcium ions are there in a serving of cereal

that contains 0.007 mol of calcium ions?

Number of

mole

X NA

Number of

Unit ions

So,

No. of Ca2+ ions are

= 0.07 x 6.02 x 1023

NA

= 4.214 x 1021

BACK

QUESTION 3

Given 1 mol of hydrogen gas, H2 and 0.7 mol

of sulphur dioxide, SO2. Which one has more

atoms?

x NA

Number of

mole molecule

Number of

molecule

Number of

atom

= 1 x 6.02 x 1023 x 2

2 H atoms

= 1.204 x 1024

0.7 mole of SO2 gas contain

= 0.7 x 6.02 x 1023 x 3

= 1.2642 x 1024

So, 0.7 mole of SO2 has more atoms

BACK

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