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Heat Conduction through cylinder and laminated tube

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You are on page 1of 23

ADVANCED TRANSPORT

PROCESSES /

TRANSPORT PHENOMENA

5. Energy Transport

Lesson 20. Heat Conduction through a Cylinder

Lesson 21. Heat Conduction Through a laminated tube

Lesson outcomes

At the end of the lesson the student should be able to

20. Solve problems concerning heat transfer through a cylinder

i. when the wall temperatures inside and outside are given

ii. when the bulk temperatures of the fluid inside and outside

the cylinder are given

21. Solve problems about heat transfer through composite

cylinders

Conduction through a cylinder when wall temperatures are given : The

internal and external wall temperatures of the cylinder are T0 and T1 ,

respectively, and T0 > T1 . Determine the temperature distribution, the

heat flux and the heat flow.

Solution

Assumption

non-flow system, v =0

No energy generation( production)

No work done on the system by external force

Boundary Conditions

B.C.1 T=T0 at r = r0

B.C.1 T=T1 at r = r1

Energy Transport Mechanism

er qr ( 12 v 2 H )v [ v] qr

r

T qr|r

qr|r+r

Rate of Energy in by

molec. transport

by molec. transport

2L((rq r ) |r (rq r ) |r r ) 0

=0

(1)

(rqr ) |r (rqr ) |r r 0

r

(2)

5

Taking the limit as r is close to zero

d

(rq r ) 0

dr

(3)

Integrating (3)

rq r r0 q0 c1

(4)

dT

kr

r0 q0

dr

(5)

T T1

r0 q0

ln(r / r1 )

k

(6)

Similarly with T = T0 at r = r0 and T = T1 at r = r1

T0 T1

r0 q0

ln(r0 / r1 )

k

(7)

T T1 ln(r / r1 )

T0 T1 ln(r0 / r1 )

Temperature

distribution

(8)

k

r0 q0 (T0 T1 )

rq r

ln(r1 / r0 )

(9)

Rearranging (9)

qr

k (T0 T1 )

r ln(r1 / r0 )

Heat flux

distribution

(10)

k

Q0 2r0 L(T0 T1 )

r0 ln(r1 / r0 )

2L(T0 T1 )k

Q0

ln(r1 / r0 )

Heat flow

(11)

Conduction through a cylinder when fluid bulk temperatures are given :

The bulk temperature of the fluid inside and outside the tube are Ta and

Tb, respectively, and Ta > Tb . Determine the heat flux at the inside

surface and the heat flow.

Solution

Assumption

non-flow system, v =0

No energy generation( production)

No work done on the system by external force

Boundary Conditions

B.C.1

at r r0 q0 h0 (Ta T0 )

B.C.2

at r r1 q1 h1 (T1 Tb )

er qr ( 12 v 2 H )v [ v] qr

10

r

T qr|r

qr|r+r

Rate of Energy in by

molec. transport

by molec. transport

2L((rq r ) |r (rq r ) |r r ) 0

=0

(1)

(rqr ) |r (rqr ) |r r 0

r

(2)

11

Taking the limit as r is close to zero

d

(rq r ) 0

dr

(3)

Integrating (3)

rq r r0 q0 c1

(4)

kr

dT

r0 q0

dr

(5)

r0 q0

T0 T1

ln(r1 / r0 )

k

(6)

12

Using Newtons Law of cooling

q0

h0

q q r

T1 Tb 1 0 0

h1 h1 r1

(7)

Ta T0

since q0 r0 q1r1

(8)

Ta Tb

q0 r0 q0

q r

ln(r1 / r0 ) 0 0

h0

k

h1 r1

(9)

q0

Ta Tb

1

ln(r1 / r0 ) 1

r0

k

r1h1

r0 h0

Heat flux at r0

13

(10)

Heat Flow

The heat flow at the inner surface is given by

Q0 2r0 Lq0

(11)

2L Ta Tb

Q0

1

ln(r1 / r0 ) 1

k

r1h1

r0 h0

Heat flow

(12)

Q0 U 0 2Lr0 (Ta Tb )

(13)

1

1

ln(r1 / r0 ) 1

r0U 0 r0 h0

k

r1h1

(14)

14

Cylinder

Conduction through composite cylinder:- The composite cylinders

shown in the Figure below is exposed to a fluid at bulk temperatures of

Ta and Tb where Ta > Tb . Determine the heat flux and the heat flow at

the surface for steady state condition.

15

Solution

Assumption

non-flow system, v =0

No energy generation( production)

No work done on the system by external force

Boundary Conditions

B.C.1

at r r0 q0 h0 (Ta T0 )

B.C.2

at r r1 q1 h1 (T1 Tb )

er qr ( 12 v 2 H )v [ v] qr

16

r

T qr|r

qr|r+r

Rate of Energy in by

molec. transport

by molec. transport

2L((rq r ) |r (rq r ) |r r ) 0

=0

(1)

(rqr ) |r (rqr ) |r r 0

r

(2)

17

Taking the limit as r is close to zero

d

(rq r ) 0

dr

(3)

Integrating (3)

rq r r0 q0 c1

(4)

k01r

dT

r0 q0

dr

(5a)

dT

k12 r

r0 q0

dr

k 23r

(5b)

dT

r0 q0

dr

(5c)

18

Integrating (5a), (5b) and (5c) assuming constant heat capacities

r0 q0

T0 T1

ln(r1 / r0 )

k01

r0 q0

T1 T2

ln(r2 / r1 )

k12

T2 T3

(6a)

(6b)

r0 q0

ln(r3 / r2 )

k 23

(6b)

q0

Ta T0

h0

q

q r

T3 Tb 3 0 0

h3 h3 r3

(7)

(8)

19

Adding (6a), (6b) , (6c), (7) and (8) together

Ta Tb

q0 r0 q0

rq

rq

q r

h0

k

k

k

h3 r3

(9)

Ta Tb

q0

1

ln(r1 / r0 ) ln(r2 / r1 ) ln(r3 / r2 )

1

r0

k01

k12

k 23

r3 h3

r0 h0

20

(10)

Heat Flow

The heat flow at the inner surface is given by

Q0 2r0 Lq0

(11)

Q0

2L(Ta Tb )

1

ln(r1 / r0 ) ln(r2 / r1 ) ln(r3 / r2 )

1

k01

k12

k 23

r3h3

r0 h0

(12)

Q0 U 0 2Lr0 (Ta Tb )

(13)

1

1

1

r0U 0 r0 h0

k01

k12

k 23

r3h3

21

(14)

Comp. Cylinder

In general for a system with n annular layers we get the definition for overall

heat transfer coefficient for composite cylinder

n ln(r / r

1

1

1

j

j 1 )

r0U 0 r0 h0 j 1 k j 1, j

rn hn

(16)

22

Lesson outcomes

19. Solve problems concerning heat transfer through a cylinder

i. when the wall temperatures inside and outside are given

ii. when the bulk temperatures of the fluid inside and outside

the cylinder are given

20. Solve problems about heat transfer through composite

cylinders

23

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