You are on page 1of 22


2: The Fall and the Promise
of a Savior

Creation and De-Creation
 At creation Adam and Eve were
gifted with Original Holiness and
Original Justice.
 That means they
were created to
share in God’s life
and to live in

• However,
temptation by
Satan lead to the
original sin, the
first personal sin
committed by
human beings.

 Adam and Eve sinned by preferring
themselves to God, disobeying him and
failing to trust in him.

God created human beings to live
with him in peace and happiness.
Why do you think the first
humans turned away from God?

Was Original Sin
a Historical
Though the story of
Genesis 3 uses figural
language and should
not be read as a
historical account, it is
important to maintain
that a real historical
event lies behind it.

The Effects of the Original Sin
 The consequences
of the first
personal sin were
immediate and
 Those
remain a part of
our lives today.
This fallen state is
Original Sin.

The Consequences of the Original
 loss of Original Holiness and Original Justice
 disunity within the individual, among
individuals, between people and creation, and
between people and God
 having to endure painful labor in order to
 survive
the pains of childbirth
 shame as a result of
 death
 However, though
human nature was
weakened by sin, it was
not totally corrupted.

 Genesis describes
the spread of sin
and its
consequences as
God’s judgment
and mercy for
humanity in three
 Cain and Abel
 the Great Flood
 the Tower of

Discussion: Where do you see the
effects of Original Sin in the world

God Remains Faithful in Times of
 From the moment of
humanity’s first sin,
God promises salvation.
 The Protoevangelium
recorded in Genesis
3:15 announces God’s
plans for a future
Redeemer and a final
victory over sin and

Covenants in the Old
 God renews this promise of salvation
throughout history in “covenants” with
his people.
 A “covenant” is a solemn agreement
God enters into with his people.
 The Old Testament records 4 covenants:

1. God’s covenant with Noah
 God renewed the command to Adam and
Eve to multiply and subdue the earth and
promised to never again destroy the world.

2. God’s Covenant with Abraham
 God promised Abraham many
descendents, land for his people, and that
his people would be a blessing to all the

3. God’s
Covenant with
 God formed his
chosen People,
Israel, and
gave them the
Law by which
to live.

4. God’s Covenant
with King David
 God promised David
that the messiah
would come from
his line and that his
kingdom would be

Covenant Summary




Gn 9:8-17

God will never destroy the
earth again


Gn 17:1-14

Land, progeny, blessing


Ex 24:3-8

Israel will be God’s people


2 Sam 23:5

Messiah will come from
David’s line

God Remains Faithful to His

• God remained faithful to his promises in spite
of the continued sinful behavior of the people
and their leaders, including Israel’s kings.

 God’s fidelity was
exemplified in the
message of repentance
and hope preached by
his prophets.

 The prophet Amos condemned
genocide, sexual excess, and violence
and insisted that true worship of God
required concrete actions of justice
toward the weak and poor.

 Jeremiah foretold
punishment for
Israel’s sins and
promised that God
would write a new
covenant on their

 Ezekiel
warned of
for Israel’s
sins and
promised the
coming of a

 Isaiah criticized
idolatry, empty
sacrifice, human
pride, and cruelty
to the poor and
foretold Israel’s
immanent collapse.
 He also promised
that God would
save Israel and
spoke of a
“suffering servant.”

 In Christ all the prophecies and covenants
find their fulfillment.
 Where Adam’s disobedience to God was
the cause of our death, Christ’s obedience
—even to the point of death on a cross—is
the source of our salvation.