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Ch.

2: The Fall and the Promise
of a Savior

Creation and De-Creation
 At creation Adam and Eve were
gifted with Original Holiness and
Original Justice.
 That means they
were created to
share in God’s life
and to live in
happiness.

• However,
temptation by
Satan lead to the
original sin, the
first personal sin
committed by
human beings.

 Adam and Eve sinned by preferring
themselves to God, disobeying him and
failing to trust in him.

Discussion:
God created human beings to live
with him in peace and happiness.
Why do you think the first
humans turned away from God?

Was Original Sin
a Historical
Event?
Though the story of
Genesis 3 uses figural
language and should
not be read as a
historical account, it is
important to maintain
that a real historical
event lies behind it.

The Effects of the Original Sin
 The consequences
of the first
personal sin were
immediate and
prolific.
 Those
consequences
remain a part of
our lives today.
This fallen state is
Original Sin.

The Consequences of the Original
Sin
 loss of Original Holiness and Original Justice
 disunity within the individual, among
individuals, between people and creation, and
between people and God
 having to endure painful labor in order to
 survive
the pains of childbirth
 shame as a result of
nakedness
 death
 However, though
human nature was
weakened by sin, it was
not totally corrupted.

 Genesis describes
the spread of sin
and its
consequences as
God’s judgment
and mercy for
humanity in three
stories:
 Cain and Abel
 the Great Flood
 the Tower of
Babel

Discussion: Where do you see the
effects of Original Sin in the world
today?

God Remains Faithful in Times of
Sin
 From the moment of
humanity’s first sin,
God promises salvation.
 The Protoevangelium
recorded in Genesis
3:15 announces God’s
plans for a future
Redeemer and a final
victory over sin and
death.

Covenants in the Old
Testament
 God renews this promise of salvation
throughout history in “covenants” with
his people.
 A “covenant” is a solemn agreement
God enters into with his people.
 The Old Testament records 4 covenants:

1. God’s covenant with Noah
 God renewed the command to Adam and
Eve to multiply and subdue the earth and
promised to never again destroy the world.

2. God’s Covenant with Abraham
 God promised Abraham many
descendents, land for his people, and that
his people would be a blessing to all the
nations.

3. God’s
Covenant with
Moses
 God formed his
chosen People,
Israel, and
gave them the
Law by which
to live.

4. God’s Covenant
with King David
 God promised David
that the messiah
would come from
his line and that his
kingdom would be
everlasting.

Covenant Summary
Covenant
with

Passage

Promise

Noah

Gn 9:8-17

God will never destroy the
earth again

Abraham

Gn 17:1-14

Land, progeny, blessing

Moses

Ex 24:3-8

Israel will be God’s people

David

2 Sam 23:5

Messiah will come from
David’s line

God Remains Faithful to His
Promises

• God remained faithful to his promises in spite
of the continued sinful behavior of the people
and their leaders, including Israel’s kings.

 God’s fidelity was
exemplified in the
message of repentance
and hope preached by
his prophets.

 The prophet Amos condemned
genocide, sexual excess, and violence
and insisted that true worship of God
required concrete actions of justice
toward the weak and poor.

 Jeremiah foretold
punishment for
Israel’s sins and
promised that God
would write a new
covenant on their
hearts.

 Ezekiel
warned of
punishment
for Israel’s
sins and
promised the
coming of a
messiah.

 Isaiah criticized
idolatry, empty
sacrifice, human
pride, and cruelty
to the poor and
foretold Israel’s
immanent collapse.
 He also promised
that God would
save Israel and
spoke of a
“suffering servant.”

 In Christ all the prophecies and covenants
find their fulfillment.
 Where Adam’s disobedience to God was
the cause of our death, Christ’s obedience
—even to the point of death on a cross—is
the source of our salvation.