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CategoriesofTissues

AnimalTissues

CategoriesofTissues

CategoriesofTissues
Epithelium
Connective
Muscle
Nervous

CategoriesofTissues

Epithelium
Lines,covers,andprotectsothertissuesand
organs.
Characterizedby:
Cellstightlyjunkedtogether
junkedtogether
Thepresenceofacellsecretioncalledthe
basementmembrane.
basementmembrane

Namedby:
Cellshape
Othercharacteristicsofthecells.

Squamous,Cuboidal,and
Columnar
Cuboidal

CategoriesofTissues

SquamousEpithelium
Cellsverythin,muchwiderthantheyare
thick.
SimpleSquamousEpithelium
Airsacsofrespiratory
Liningofbloodvessels,heartandlymphatictubes

StratifiedSquamousEpithelium
Skin
Vagina
Esophagus
Mouth

CategoriesofTissues

ExamplesofSimpleSquamous
Epithelium

CategoriesofTissues

StratifiedSquamousEpithelium

CategoriesofTissues

CuboidalEpithelium
Cellscubeshapedsecretionandabsorption.
Kidneytubules
Ductandsmallglands
Surfaceofovary

CategoriesofTissues

ColumnarEpithelium
Elongatedcells,muchlongerthantheyare
wide.
SimpleColumnarEpithelium
Asinglelayerofcellsthatlinethedigestivetract,
gallbladderandexcretoryductsofsomeglands.Has
microvilliatsurfaceforabsorption.

Pseudostratifiedciliatedcolumnarepithelium
Linesthebronchi,trachea,uterinetubesandsomeof
theuterus.Propelsmucusorreproductivecellsby
ciliaryaction.

CategoriesofTissues

SimpleColumnarepithelium

CategoriesofTissues

PseudostratifiedCiliated
ColumnarEpithelium

CategoriesofTissues

ConnectiveTissue
Characterizedbythecellswidelyseparatedfrom
eachotherinamatrixthatisproducedbythe
cells.
Tissueprotectsandsupports.
CellMatrixcomposedoftworegions
Ground
Liquid(sol),Gel,Gumorsolid

Fibers
Nonelastic(=whiteorCollagen)
Elastic(=yellowfibers)

TypesofConnectivetissue

CategoriesofTissues

TypesofConnectiveTissue
Loose(Areolar)ConnectiveTissue
DenseConnectiveTissue
Adipose
Cartilage
Bone
Blood

CategoriesofTissues

LooseConnectiveTissue
(Areolar)

Gellikegroundwithbothelasticandnonelastic
fibersrunningthoughthegroundinmany
directions.
Wrapsandcushionsorgans
Undertheskin

CategoriesofTissues

DenseRegularConnective
Tissue

Nucleiandfibersarrangedinparallelrows.
Tendonsandligaments
Fibersmostlynonelastic

CategoriesofTissues

Adipose(Fat)
Functionasstoragecellsforadipose(lipids)
Adiposecellscontainalargevacuolewhichin
thelivecellcontainslipids.
Cellnucleusandcytoplasmarepushedoutto
edgeofcellmembrane.

CategoriesofTissues

Cartilage
Groundofmatrixisgumlike.
CellsarefoundinLacunaewithinthematrix.
Fibersmaybeelasticornonelastic,oraformof
nonelasticcalledreticular(wherethenonelastic
fibersofverythin)
HyalineCartilageexampleontheendsofbones
HyalineCartilage
ElasticCartilageexampleearcartilage
ElasticCartilage
NonelasticCartilageexamplenosecartilage.

CategoriesofTissues

Hyalinecartilage

CategoriesofTissues

ElasticCartilage

Bone

CategoriesofTissues

GroundofmatrixisSolid(Calciumcarbonate).
Hasbloodsupplyandnervesrunningthrough
theHaversiancanalsystems.

CategoriesofTissues

VascularTissue(Blood)
Liquidmatrix=plasma
90%water
10%Plasmaproteins,electrolytes,hormones,oxygen,
glucoseetc.

Formedelements
Erythrocytes48billion(female)to54billion(male)
Erythrocytes
cell/mlofbloodinhumans.Mammalsare
enucleatedwhilerestofthevertebratestheyhave
nuclei
Leukocytesabout7.5million/mlofblood
Leukocytes
Plateletsbloodclotting
Platelets

Blood

CategoriesofTissues

CategoriesofTissues

MuscleTissue
Tissuewithcellshavingfibersspecializedfor
contraction.
SkeletalMuscle(Striated,voluntary)
Parallelelongatedcells(fibers)
multinucleatedandeachcellisthelengthofthemuscle.
Lightmeat,DarkmeatSlowtwitch,fasttwitchmuscle

SmoothMuscle(Visceral,involuntary)
Cellsarelongandtapered.
Organizedintosheetsofmuscle.

CardiacMuscle
Intercalateddisc
Myogenic
branched

CategoriesofTissues

SkeletalMuscle

CategoriesofTissues

SmoothMuscle

CardiacMuscle

CategoriesofTissues

CategoriesofTissues

NervousTissue
Cellsspecializedtopolarizeand
depolarize.
Cellisaneuron

CategoriesofTissues

EndofTissuepresentation